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History of the Christian Church Week 4 The Age of Chaos and Reason.

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Presentation on theme: "History of the Christian Church Week 4 The Age of Chaos and Reason."— Presentation transcript:

1 History of the Christian Church Week 4 The Age of Chaos and Reason

2 Protestant Reformation A World Turned Upside Down Caper nicus Theory Columbus Discovers the New World Jesuits (Counter-reformation

3 Christopher Columbus (1451 – 1506)




7 Nicolaus Copernicus (1473-1543)

8 Ignatius of Loyola (1492-1556) Co-founder of Society of Jesus (SJ) also known as the Jesuits Francis Xavier (1506-1552) Co-founder of Society of Jesus

9 Francis Xavier (1506-1552)

10 Spanish & Portuguese in the New World (1492-1898) French in the New World (1492-1898)

11 The Colonies (1763)

12 John Smyth 1570-1612) an early Baptist minister of England a founder of the Baptist denomination.

13 Society of Friends (Quakers) Given land in New World by Charles II. This became his "holy experiment – Pennsylvania (1682). George Fox (1624-1691) William Penn (1644-1718) All are equal under God Equality of women Abolition of slavery Peace making Witness of the 'inner light' (or light of Christ) Specific emphases

14 Mennonite Migration 1768 - invited by Catherine the Great of Russia to settle in the present-day Ukraine) 1683 – began to settle in Germantown in Penn's Colony

15 Amish Jacob Amman (1693) Mennonite reform movement in Switzerland & south Germany

16 Pietism Pia Desideria (Pious Desires) 1675 – Philip Jacob Spener

17 Neutäufer Schwarzenau New Baptists Alexander Mack and seven followers baptism in the Eder River (1708) 1719-1740 - US migration December 25, 1723 Baptisms in the Wissahickon Creek Germantown Congregation formed Love Feast observed November 1724 Coventry congregation organized Conestoga congregation organized

18 Moravians Followers of Jan Hus (1369-1415) Also called Bohemian Brethren 1722 - Established village of Herrnhut on the estate of Count Nikolaus Ludwig von Zinzendorf 1727 – Major revival. Brotherly Agreement 1741 – Founded Bethlehem PA Forerunners of modern Protestant missionary movement

19 Methodists John Wesley (1703-1791) George Whitefield a Church of England cleric and Christian theologian. founder the Methodist movement (along with brother Charles) Methodism was a highly successful evangelical movement in the United Kingdom (it encouraged people to experience Jesus Christ personally.) (numerous groups look to John Wesley as their spiritual father (i.e. Methodists, Wesleyans, the Holiness movement, Pentecostalism, the Charismatic Movement, and Neo-charismatic churches)

20 Deism God the watchmaker God the First Principle Free Masons Universalism

21 The Jefferson Bible

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