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© Copyright 2008-2013 Robert D. Conway All Rights Reserved1 Terrorism and The Muslim Brotherhood “God is our purpose, the Prophet our leader, the Qu’ran.

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Presentation on theme: "© Copyright 2008-2013 Robert D. Conway All Rights Reserved1 Terrorism and The Muslim Brotherhood “God is our purpose, the Prophet our leader, the Qu’ran."— Presentation transcript:

1 © Copyright Robert D. Conway All Rights Reserved1 Terrorism and The Muslim Brotherhood “God is our purpose, the Prophet our leader, the Qu’ran our constitution, jihad our way and dying for God’s cause our supreme objective.” Hassan al-Banna founder of the Muslim Brotherhood

2 Course Overview Session 1: The Creation of Islam Session 2: Muslim Conquest and Radical Islam Session 3: The Creation of Al Qaeda Session 4: The Arab Spring Session 5: The Global Caliphate © Copyright Robert D. Conway All Rights Reserved2

3 3 Class Session 5: The Global Caliphate © Copyright Robert D. Conway All Rights Reserved

4 4 Class Session 5: The Global Caliphate The Taliban and Al Qaeda in Afghanistan 2009 The Global Caliphate Why Islamic Radicals Hate the U.S. and the West Non-assimilation in Europe Partial Assimilation in the U.S. What Islam is Not © Copyright Robert D. Conway All Rights Reserved

5 5 Merging the Taliban and Al Qaeda In the early 1980s, Mustafa Abu al-Yazid served three years in an Egyptian prison for links to the group responsible for the 1981 assassination of Egyptian President Anwar Sadat (the Muslim Brotherhood). After his release, Yazid went to Afghanistan, and became a founding member of Al Qaeda. He followed bin Laden to Sudan and back to Afghanistan, where he served as al Qaeda's chief financial officer, managing secret bank accounts in the Persian Gulf that were used to finance the Sept. 11 attacks. After the U.S. and its allies invaded Afghanistan in 2001, Yazid went into hiding for years. He surfaced in May 2007 during a 45-minute interview posted on the Web by al Sabah, in which he was introduced as the ``official in charge'' of the terrorist movement's operations in Afghanistan. Mustafa Abu al-Yazid, the terror leader who earlier this year said he would use nukes on America if he could only get his hands on some.

6 © Copyright Robert D. Conway All Rights Reserved6 Muslim Brotherhood Organizations Islamic Jihad, Al-Gama’a al Islamiya, Jihad Talaat al-Fath Hamas Al Qaeda Hezbollah Jamaat-e-Islami Islamic Salvation Front, Armed Islamic Group Hizballah Al-Hijaz National Islamic Front Jemaah Islamiyah

7 © Copyright Robert D. Conway All Rights Reserved7 Key Point of InterestTrading & Resource SLOC “G–5 Plus” NATIONS Global Economy “The World is Flat” Hawaii Rota Bahrain Guantanamo Bay Souda Bay Sigonella Naples Diego Garcia Singapore Misawa Guam Chinhae Atsugi Sasebo Yokosuka Deep Sea Bases Arc of Instability UBL Vision: Reestablish Caliphate in 25 years… …and in One Hundred Years

8 © Copyright Robert D. Conway All Rights Reserved8 Why Islamic Radicals Hate the U.S. U.S. foreign policy? –Carter’s foreign policy allowed the Shah or Iran to fall and the Ayatollah Khomeini to come to power. –Bush withdrew coalition forces from Iraq and Kuwait following the Gulf War (he did leave forces in Saudi Arabia) –Clinton’s foreign policy did not punish anyone for the murders at CIA headquarters or the World Trade Center bombing (both 1993), the attacks on US African embassies in 1995, the failed millennium bombing of the L.A. airport, or the attack on the USS Cole in U.S. imperialism in the Middle East? –Until 1983 the U.S. never had troops in the Middle East except for WWII. They were quickly withdrawn following the Beirut Marine Barracks bombing.

9 © Copyright Robert D. Conway All Rights Reserved9 Why Islamic Radicals Hate the U.S. U.S. and European secular culture is at odds with Muslim culture? –Yes: Many Muslims view European and American culture as decadent. Western culture angers and repulses traditional societies, especially those in the Islamic world, that are being overwhelmed by export of this liberal culture. The U.S. and Europe often back global campaigns and programs which undermine the traditional patriarchal family and promote secular values in non-Western cultures. –Pew Global Attitudes Project - Large majorities of Muslims in most predominantly Muslim countries surveyed think that it is very important that Islam play a more important and influential role in the world than that religion now does. –“The problem is expectations, not only in Germany but in other countries in Europe. There is the attitude that the more secular you become the more of a "good citizen"... If society expects a Muslim not to be a Muslim, but a good citizen, we have a problem... The more secular a society becomes, say like Germany, you wonder how tolerant and understanding it is of religious identity. 9/11 changed a lot. Islam was seen as non-modern. If people go to a mosque, they are seen as non- modern. This is a danger.”- A 39-year-old parliamentarian, born in Germany of Turkish parents

10 © Copyright Robert D. Conway All Rights Reserved10 Muslims in Europe Source: BBC

11 © Copyright Robert D. Conway All Rights Reserved11© Copyright 2008 Robert D. Conway All Rights Reserved11 <1% (Belarus, Ukraine) 1%-3% (Italy, Slovenia) 3%-4% (Greece, Norway, Serbia, Spain) 4%-5% (Belgium, Austria, UK) 5%-10% (Denmark, France, Germany, Netherlands, Sweden, Switzerland) 10%-20% (Russia, Bulgaria, Montenegro, Cyprus) 20-60% (Bosnia Herzegovina, Macedonia) 60%-80% (Albania) 80%-95% (Kosovo) >95% (Turkey) Source: “Eurabia”, Wikipedia June 2010

12 © Copyright Robert D. Conway All Rights Reserved12 Radical Muslim Terror Attacks in Europe Mar Madrid train bombings by an al-Qaeda- inspired terrorist cell, three days before Spain's general elections. 191 killed; 1,755 wounded. Nov – Dutch film-maker Theo van Gogh is murdered by Islamic extremist Mohammed Bouyeri, a Dutch citizen. July people died in the London bombings carried out by four British Muslims. Oct More than three weeks of rioting in France's mainly Muslim suburbs Jan Violent protests across Europe and Middle Mast over publication by a Danish newspaper of cartoons of the Prophet Mohammed.

13 © Copyright Robert D. Conway All Rights Reserved13 Non-Assimilation in Europe France – Oct riots in Muslim suburb of Paris; continued concentration in poor suburbs of urban areas since 1980’s including Paris, Lille, Lyon, Marseille Britain – Almost half the 1350 mosques are run by radical Deobandi sect that created the Taliban. A new generation of British imams have a radical agenda: scorn for Muslims who say they are British; preach friendship with a Jew or a Christian makes “a mockery of Allah’s religion”. Seventeen of Britain’s 26 Islamic seminaries are run by Deobandis. Netherlands – Imams at 180 of 450 mosques have left; the vacuum is being filled by unqualified, radical preachers. One million Muslims in Netherlands. Uproar over Nov ban on burqas in public places.

14 © Copyright Robert D. Conway All Rights Reserved14 Oct. 16, 2009 Protesters rallied as anti-Islamic Dutch lawmaker Geert Wilders held a news conference in London.

15 © Copyright Robert D. Conway All Rights Reserved15

16 © Copyright Robert D. Conway All Rights Reserved16 Partial Assimilation in the U.S. Roughly 5M Muslims in the U.S. accounting for about 1.6% of the U.S. population. Largest segment is African-Americans (42% of U.S. Muslims); followed by south Asians (24%), then Arabs (12%). Other groups contribute 5% or less to the U.S. Muslim population. Largest populations are in California (1M), New York (800K), Illinois (420K), and New Jersey (200K); Indiana, Michigan, Virginia, Texas and Ohio contain fewer than 200K each. The U.S. has 843 mosques and 165 Islamic schools

17 © Copyright Robert D. Conway All Rights Reserved17 “What Islam is Not” Excerpt and video from an article by Dr. Peter Hammond that appeared in FrontPage Magazine on April 12, The video appears on The text appears on Link to Video

18 Suggested Listening and Reading Timeline: The Major Events Of The Arab Spring –http://www.npr.org/2012/01/02/ /timeline-the-major- events-of-the-arab-springhttp://www.npr.org/2012/01/02/ /timeline-the-major- events-of-the-arab-spring © Copyright Robert D. Conway All Rights Reserved18

19 © Copyright Robert D. Conway All Rights Reserved19 Terrorism and The Muslim Brotherhood “God is our purpose, the Prophet our leader, the Qu’ran our constitution, jihad our way and dying for God’s cause our supreme objective.” Hassan al-Banna founder of the Muslim Brotherhood

20 © Copyright Robert D. Conway All Rights Reserved20 Class Session 5: The Global Caliphate Backup Slides

21 © Copyright Robert D. Conway All Rights Reserved21 Najibullah Zazi and Al Qaeda “Terror Suspect Najibullah Zazi Had Contact With Al Qaeda” - October 14, 2009 by Homeland Security NTARC NewsHomeland Security NTARC News Terror suspect Najibullah Zazi, the Queens man suspected of plotting to bomb the city’s transit system, was in touch with the top Al Qaeda leader in Afghanistan, according to an Associated Press report. Najibullah Zazi, 24, had contacts through a middleman with Mustafa Abu al-Yazid, the terror leader who earlier this year said he would use nukes on America if he could only get his hands on some. Al-Yazid is an Egyptian who has worked closely with Osama bin Laden, Al Qaeda’s fugitive leader. The derailed Zazi plot was one of the most serious threats to the US since the 9/11 attacks. The AP said it wasn’t clear if Al-Yazid contacted Zazi to offer encouragement or provide actual help with the alleged plot.

22 © Copyright Robert D. Conway All Rights Reserved22 Oct. 2009: Mall Attacks Thwarted Oct. 21, 2009: Tarek Mehanna, 27, worked with two men from 2001 to May 2008 on the conspiracy to "kill, kidnap, maim or injure" soldiers and two politicians who were members of the executive branch but are no longer in office. Mehanna, a graduate of the Massachusetts College of Pharmacy, conspired with Ahmad Abousamra, now in Syria, and an unnamed man, who is cooperating in the investigation. The three often discussed their desire to participate in "violent jihad against American interests" … "their desire to die on the battlefield” When they were unable to join terror groups in Iraq, Yemen and Pakistan, they found inspiration in the Washington-area sniper shootings, and planned attacks on shopping malls Mehanna had "multiple conversations about obtaining automatic weapons and randomly shooting people in shopping malls" Abousamra was rejected by the terror group Lashkar e Tayyiba in Pakistan because he is Arab, not Persian. The Taliban rejected him because of his lack of experience. Tarek Mehanna

23 Muslim Brotherhood in the U.S. Active in the US since the 1960s. –Goals: propagating Islam and creating havens for Muslims in the US, and integrating Muslims. –Strategy: dawah or Islamic renewal and outreach. U.S. military personnel, prison inmates and African- Americans are specifically targeted for dawah. Organizations in the US started by the Muslim Brotherhood: –Muslim Students Association in 1963 –North American Islamic Trust in 1971 –The Islamic Society of North America in 1981 –The American Muslim Council in 1990 –The Muslim American Society in 1992 –The International Institute of Islamic Thought in the 1980s. The Holy Land Foundation trial released documents on the Muslim Brotherhood. –1991 document explains that the goal of the Muslim Brotherhood in the U.S. is “settlement”, defined by the author as a form of jihad aimed at destroying Western civilization from within and allowing for the victory of Islam over other religions.[ –"Ikhwan in America“: the author alleges that the activities of the Muslim Brotherhood in the US include going to camps to do weapons training (referred to as Special work by the Muslim Brotherhood) –engaging in counter-espionage against US government agencies such as the FBI and CIA (referred to as Securing the Group). In November 2008 the Holy Land Foundation was found guilty of illegally funding Palestinian terrorist group Hamas, which is designated by the United States as a terrorist group. © Copyright Robert D. Conway All Rights Reserved23

24 © Copyright Robert D. Conway All Rights Reserved24 Home-grown U.S. Terrorists Iyman Faris trial in May Tasked by Khalid Sheikh Mohammad to destroy the Brooklyn Bridge; assisted al Qaeda since Joe Padilla arrested at O’Hare Airport in May 2002; tasked by Khalid Sheikh Mohammad to detonate a radiological bomb in the U.S. and other plots. Derrick Shareef, arrested Dec near Rockford, IL, for plotting to use grenades in a shopping mall during Christmas shopping.

25 © Copyright Robert D. Conway All Rights Reserved25 Home-grown U.S. Terrorists Earnest James Ujaama. Born in Denver, converted to Islam and changed his name. Met radical Muslim cleric Abu Hamza al- Masri, in the UK in 1999 and traveled to Afghanistan to study Sharia and offer his support to al- Qaeda. Arrested in Denver in July 2002 as a material witness and charges he attempting to create a terrorist training camp near Bly, OR in In Feb Ujaama pled guilty in a plea bargain, served two years. In Dec. 2006, Ujaama was arrested in Belize for violating parole in the U.S. In Aug. 2007, Ujaama pled guilty to charges of raising money for terrorism and for attempting to set up training camps. Radical cleric Abu Hamza al-Masri Earnest James Ujaama

26 © Copyright Robert D. Conway All Rights Reserved26 Home-grown U.S. Terrorists Karim Koubriti, Ahmen Hannan, Farouk Ali-Haimoud in Detroit arrested Aug Planned attacks in Turkey and Jordan, considered attacks on Disneyland and MGM Grand hotel in Las Vegas. Left to right: Farouk Ali-Haimoud, Ahmed Hannan and Karim Koubriti.

27 © Copyright Robert D. Conway All Rights Reserved27 Home-grown U.S. Terrorists Lackawanna Six – arrested Sept (five arrested, a sixth turned over by Bahrain) Told friends they were going to Pakistan for religious instruction. The men travel separately and attend a six- week long weapons course at the Al Farooq camp. Some of them meet Osama bin Laden in Kandahar. Most of them apparently think they are in over their heads and find excuses to cut their basic training course short and return home. A seventh man becomes committed and stays overseas with al-Qaeda. Top row, from left: Faysal Galab, Mukhtar al-Bakri, and Sahim Alwan. Bottom row, from left: Yahya Goba, Shafel Mosed, and Yaseinn Taher.

28 © Copyright Robert D. Conway All Rights Reserved28 Canada and U.S. June 2006 RCMP arrest 17 terror suspects in Toronto. FBI revealed that Syed Ahmed and Ahsanul Sadequee from Atlanta, GA met with them in Mar to discuss bombing targets. Many of the suspects attended a mosque in the Toronto suburb of Mississauga. Suspects received a three ton shipment of fertilizer which becomes explosive when mixed with diesel fuel Connected to conspirators in London, Netherlands and Bosnia

29 © Copyright Robert D. Conway All Rights Reserved29 Fort Dix, NJ 2007 Five foreign-born Muslims living near Cherry Hill, NJ 16 months created an ill-formed plan to attack the Fort Dix military base. Watched jihadist videos, used a shooting range Conducted surveillance of possible targets Defendants arrested in May 2007 after two attempted to buy automatic weapons. Dec acquitted the defendants of attempted murder and found them guilty of conspiring to murder members of the U.S. military

30 © Copyright Robert D. Conway All Rights Reserved30 Other Attacks Planned Against the U.S. July 2006 Assem Hammoud arrested in Beirut for plot to blow up PATH train tunnels under the Hudson River between NY and NJ Aug UK hijacking plot: Radical Muslims in the UK plan to hijack 10 planes bound for the US. MI5 began surveillance in Dec

31 © Copyright Robert D. Conway All Rights Reserved31 Home-grown U.S. Terrorists June 2006 FBI arrest seven in Miami for plot to blow up the Sears Tower in Chicago and Miami FBI building. FBI infiltrated the group for nearly a year by paid informants posing as al-Qaeda members. Warehouse they used was wired for surveillance and provided rent- free by the FBI One acquitted in Dec. 2007; no verdict for the others Second trial in April 2008 ends with no verdicts

32 © Copyright Robert D. Conway All Rights Reserved32 Home-grown U.S. Terrorists April 2006, Hamid Hayat of Lodi, CA convicted of plots to bomb hospitals and supermarkets in the U.S. Attended terrorist training camp near Balakot, Pakistan. Ahmed Bilal, Hohammad Bilal, Habes Al-Saoub, Patrice Ford, Jeffrey Battle, and October Lewis indicted in Oct in Portland, OR. Attempted to enter Afghanistan training camps via China but failed. Hamid Hayat (left) with his father, Umer

33 © Copyright Robert D. Conway All Rights Reserved33 Home-grown U.S. Terrorists July Rafiq Abdus Sabir an emergency room doctor and convert to Islam living in Boca Raton, FL was sentenced to 30 years in prison for swearing an oath of allegiance to Al Qaeda and scouting locations in Long Island to set up a jihad camp. Oncologist Rafil Dhafir was jailed in 2004 on terrorism charges and health insurance fraud. Dhafir fundraised for his Iraq "charity" at the Islamic Center of Boca Raton where Sabir was a congregant. A group of doctors in Hernando, Florida admitted to providing millions of dollars in terrorism funding and several were connected and jailed in the Sami Al Arian case. Arian was convicted for being head of Palestinian Islamic Jihad (PIJ) and responsible for orchestrating attacks which killed one hundred people and injured scores of others. He was sentence in May 2006 to 57 months and agreed to be deported following release. Al Arian also brought another PIJ leader, Ramadan Abdullah Shallah, to the University of South Florida. Sami al ArianRafiq SabirRafil Dhafir


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