Presentation on theme: "Welcome everybody!. The water-mills of Pápa Geographical conditions Position: The bottom of the Bakony mountain and the edge of the Small Plain The."— Presentation transcript:
The water-mills of Pápa
Geographical conditions Position: The bottom of the Bakony mountain and the edge of the Small Plain The mountain construction: limestone and dolomite construction swallow a rainfall to big depths so the water can reach the surface again in a spring form. Tapolca’s lenght: 21 km long (with 48 waterfalls) Tapolca’s water-output: 70 million litres a day
Historical Background The Tapolca stream wider at many places It served drinking water and it gave protection to the citizens because of the feeding of the moat It was controlled by count Esterházy Károly in the middle of the 18th century
The upswing of the town The first mill existed at the end of the 18th century By the appearance of the mills the corn industry and with it commerce had boomed The mill-industry and the dying-industry in Pápa were already known in the 12 th century.
The types of the water mills Saw-mills: Trees from the forests were sawed and processed. Commercial mills: The mills were classified according to whom they ground for (corn and flour traders, beakers). The commercial-mills were the most accomplished mills.
Consrituction Mill-yard: consisted of 2-3 sheds the animals food was kept here Stable: houses on the yard there were hundreds of chickens and ducks Swimming-pool: In 1928 even a „swimming-pool” was built next to Vizváder-mill where the water was rather wide behind engine-house
Mills of Pápa Mill of Tapolcafő or Forrásfő:This was the ground of the mill-system of Pápa its first element. The mill has been destroyed in 1968.
Mills of Pápa Mill of Zavari: It got his name after an old owner. It was a one floor-building. Probably it was a turbine mill with many wheels once.
Mills of Pápa Paper mill: It was a commercial mill, it worked with turbine. It was a paper- making will.
Mills of Pápa Six wheel and Igali mill: It was in the hands of many families until it was nationalized. The two mill was built next to each other and worked with nine wheels.
Mills of Pápa Sávoly mill: The mill belonged to the bare its surrounding was earl’s asset. The surrounding of the mill was very beautiful especially where the Tapolca flared to lake.
Mills of Pápa Csingeri or religious mill: It has alredy worked in 1720.
Mills of Pápa Nagyhantai mill: People used to call it „the old mill” in the town. It was a flam milling will with 3 wheels.
Mills of Pápa Kishantai mill: The abbey of Bakonybél owned it but it had more renter. It worked with 3 water-wheels.
Mills of Pápa Kamerális or Agyaglaki mill: It used to work with 3 wheels and it had many owners.
Mills of Pápa Hódoska or Bocsori mill: It used to be an earl mill but later it had many owners.
Mills of Pápa Csúzi or Captain mill: Earl Esterhazy owned it.
Mills of Pápa Town mill: It was a commercial mill.
Mills of Pápa Tízes or Tüzes mill: The name came from its wheels and from the usual fires. It had 10 water-wheels. The beach of the town was built to the yard of the mill.
Mills of Pápa Master or Berta mill: It was worked by millers. First it had 2 than 1 wheel.
Mills of Pápa Cleric mill: The mills owner was the catholic parish than later it had many owners. It stopped in 1951.
About millers It was long and hard way to be a miller This job was hard and unhealthy: The flourdust and the unheated mills milled even the millers health The miller had to check the work of the mill with his 4 sense-organ: The eye, the smell, the touch and the hearing had a very important job.
Present We can’t even see any ruin of the mills of Pápa and none of them works. Nowday just our grandparents remember the steam of Tapolca and the mills next to it, and there aren’t any millers who can cry for them.
Thank you for your kind attention! Directed by: Ekanem Bálint Emota