Presentation on theme: "Do Now #1 – Storytelling #2 – Medieval Times #3 – Love and Marriage"— Presentation transcript:
1Do Now #1 – Storytelling #2 – Medieval Times #3 – Love and Marriage Why do we tell stories? In what situations? What makes a good story?#2 – Medieval TimesWhat do you know about the medieval period? What was life like? What role did the church play in people’s lives? What problems did people face?#3 – Love and MarriageWhat do you think most women want? Most men? Is it something different? Was it the same hundreds of years ago?
3Geoffrey Chaucer Known as the father of English literature Born between 1340 and 1345Father was a wealthy wine merchantChaucer received a well-rounded education.Chaucer’s father secured him a position at court in the household of Elizabeth, Countess of Ulster, who was the wife of King Edward III’s second son.Important opportunity for a medieval youthWould have secured him a successful future
4Geoffrey Chaucer Favored by the monarchy for his diplomatic work Sent to ItalyMost likely where he became acquainted with the works of Petrarch and Dante, which influenced his writingPublished 4 works between 1370 and 1386The Book of the DuchessThe Parliament of FowlsThe House of TameTroilus and CriseydeFirst poet buried in the “Poets’ Corner” of Westminster AbbeySupervised construction of this monument
5Geoffrey ChaucerThe Canterbury Tales, Chaucer’s masterpiece, was never completedBegan in 1387Ended with Chaucer’s death on October 25, 1400
6Background Kings and nobles had all power politically. The Catholic church had all power spiritually.Most were poor farmers struggling to survive.Corruption abounded in government and the church.Labor shortage due to The PlagueThe Canterbury Tales was well-received by the public.The work departed from the norm.The belief existed that all good literary work was modeled off of something already in existence.Important works were usually written in Latin or French; Chaucer wrote in English
7Background 29 pilgrims plus Chaucer, who is the Narrator, and the Host Leaving from The Tabard Inn outside LondonTraveling to the shrine of St. Thomas à Becket
8HomeworkRead The General Prologue and The Knight’s Tale, Part 1 and answer corresponding questions.
9General Prologue1. They are going to ask for the saint’s help and healing.2. He possesses the highest social standing among the pilgrims.3. The knight’s son is the squire and his servant is the Yeoman.4. She is friendly and entertaining. She seems to be working very hard at pretending to be elegant.
10General Prologue5. She is wealthy and it also indicates a level of worldliness.6. He eats well and has a degree of wealth. He spurs and possibly hunts. He is a member of a religious order, but is also wealthy. His main interest is hunting.7. Religious institutions of the time allowed for many to live a comfortable lifestyle without requiring a special devotion from them.
118. Chaucer is using indirect characterization: he describes who the Friar knew and how he spent his time.9. His uses skillful begging to earn his living. He cares nothing about what he is supposed to be doing or what he believes in terms of the clergy. He is supposed to be helping the poor and widows.10. The Franklin likes food and drink. He loves to entertain. He’s involved with community affairs and has been a judge, a sheriff, and Parliamentary rep. The Cleric likes books of philosophy.
12These men are part of the new rising middle class comprised of successful, affluent, skilled workers.11. The wives are skilled social climbers who urge their husbands to run for office. The fact that the men are stylishly dressed show that they either agree with their wives or are being prodded by their wives.12. The Doctor watches people’s stars rather than treating their illnesses in an attempt to get money.
13General Prologue13. They should all behave with these traits of integrity, kindness, and generosity like the Parson.14. He is attributing the traits of an animal to the Miller: those of slovenliness and cunning. He has traits of loquacity, belligerence, lecherousness.
14General Prologue*Summoner acts drunkenly and unintelligently. He will allow immoral activity to go on, provided he gets paid to look the other way.*Pardoner is dishonest and has tricked country folk and made fools of the priests and congregation.15. He is concerned that they will be riding without much to amuse them.
15Do NowWhat is love? What makes for a good relationship?
16Courtly Love The Art of Courtly Love Certain rules Andreas Capellanus Eleanor of AquitaineCertain rulesLove comes into a person through the eyesNot a meeting of the mindsExclusively based on adulteryLove is always increasing and decreasingJealousy is a good thingMakes the men betterTotally benefits the manGo-betweens are used
18Chivalry and Honor Women are on a pedestal Constantly tested Loosely connected with the ChurchFighting for the CrusadesLoyalty to your lordCarrying yourselfMust look goodBrave and selflessFight in someone’s nameStrong sense of ethicsGenerousNot usually what happened – persona
19Medieval RomancesIdealized images of how people in the higher classes behave, especially in love and warLove is inspired by perfect beauty and virtue.All characters deal with one another in completely chivalrous ways.The settling of a quarrel through a test of combatEveryone is perfectFictionalized version of good peopleCreates communitiesNationalism
20The General PrologueDescribe the variety of occupations, the degree of wealth, the level of education, and the beginnings of political power represented among the pilgrims.Contrast a corrupt clergymen from the Prologue with the Parson.Select three characters from the Prologue whom Chaucer seems to be satirizing.
21The Knight's Tale Part 1What do you think of how the two men fall in love with Emily? Why do authors use love at first sight in stories?Why is the Knight the first person to tell his tale?CP
23HomeworkRead The Knight’s Tale, Parts 2, 3, and 4 and answer corresponding questions.
24Do NowHave you ever had to fight for something you loved or felt passionate about? How did it turn out? Did you feel the ends results were fair? Explain why or why not.
25Fortune's Wheel Rota Fortunae The goddess Fortuna spins the wheel at randomFound in Dante’s Inferno and The Canterbury TalesUsed to educate illiterate massesFound in medieval art and in windows of cathedralsRegnoI reignRegnaboI shall reignRegnaviI have reignedSum sine regnoI am without a kingdom
26The Knight's Tale Parts 2, 3, and 4 Explain the features in this tale which characterize it as a romance.How did the Knight seem to define love?How does the Knight’s story fit with what you know about him from the Prologue and with what he values?What role do the gods play in this tale?CP
27ClassworkWith a partner, look for instances of where Fortune’s wheel is found in The Knight’s Tale thus far. Discuss its purpose in the story.
28HomeworkRead The Miller’s Prologue and Tale and answer corresponding questions.
29Do NowIs revenge ever sweet? Does it ever have any purpose? Or does it only create more trouble?
30The Miller's Prologue and Tale FabliauA short tale, usually vulgar, with a quick funny ending.The Merchant’s Tale is also an example of this.
31The Miller’s Prologue and Tale Contrast The Knight’s Tale with The Miller’s Tale.Fully describe the character Absalom.
32ClassworkContemplate Chaucer’s reason for including such a crude tale and the response medieval audiences may have had to the story.
33HomeworkRead The Nun’s Priest’s Prologue and Tale and answer corresponding questions.
34Do NowWhy have authors used animals to teach lessons in literature? What can they accomplish that human beings perhaps cannot?
35The Nun’s Priest Prologue and Tale Allegory – an extended metaphor in which a person, abstract idea, or event stands for itself and for something elseIt usually involves moral or spiritual concepts which are more significant than the actual story.ExamplesMilton’s Paradise LostGeorge Orwell’s Animal FarmParody – a humorous or satirical imitation of a person, event, or serious work of literature designed to ridicule in nonsensical fashion or to criticize by clever duplication
36The Nun’s Priest Prologue and Tale With the treatment and role of women being an important theme throughout The Canterbury Tales, explain why it’s appropriate that Chaucer would tell this tale.Explain how the Nun’s Priest’s Tale fits the requirements for a beast fable.
37“Woman is man’s joy” (Page 159) Reference to Adam and Eve (Page 161)False flatterers (Page 162)Fortune (Page 164)
38ClassworkThis tale could be looked at as a parody or an allegory. With your group, take a stance and back up your position with examples from the book.
39HomeworkRead The Wife of Bath’s Prologue and Tale and answer corresponding questions.
40Do NowMake a list of words that you feel adequately describe the Wife of Bath.
41The Wife of Bath’s Prologue and Tale What religious attitudes about women are attacked by the Wife of Bath?What is ironic about her anger against these attitudes?CP
42The Wife of Bath’s Prologue and Tale Argues that it is not possible to remain a virgin, and also support marriage (Page 167)Argues the use of sexual organs (Page 168)Doesn’t condemn virginity, but says it’s not for her (Page 169)
43The Wife of Bath’s Prologue and Tale A contradictionShe uses the same arguments that men use to degrade women.Says women are good liars (Page 170)Nags her husband (Page 174)Suffers “through his lust and pretend enjoyment” for “profit” (Page 174)Is she a stereotype or is she an empowered woman?Says that all women truly want is control over their husbands (Page 187)
44ClassworkExamine the debate over the Wife being a stereotype of women or an empowered female character. With your group, look for specific examples of how the Wife fits your side of the argument. You will then write your findings on the board and share with the class.
45HomeworkRead The Friar’s Prologue and Tale and answer corresponding questions.
46Do NowHow often do you encounter people who are not what they seem? Have you ever had someone like this in your life? What were the repercussions and consequences of this person’s influence? Did the person ever experience hardship because of his or her actions?
47The Friar's Prologue and Tale Medieval exemplum – a dramatic part of a sermon that illustrates the central idea; a tale of immoral behavior with a moral endingCommon theme of a corrupt political official getting what he deserves
48The Friar's Prologue and Tale In what ways can this tale be considered an example of a fabliau?Why is it ironic that the Friar accuses the Summoner of avarice?CP
49“Nothing good can be said about a summoner.” (Page 193) Uses spies (Page 194)Could be bought and bribed (Page 195)“Despised” title (Page 196)Agrees to terms with the devil (Page 199)Summoner is taken to hell (Page 201)
50ClassworkWrite your own version of The Friar’s Tale, attacking a modern day celebrity or political figure for their actions.
51HomeworkRead The Summoner’s Prologue and Tale and answer corresponding questions.
52Do NowIn your day to day life, you most likely encounter hypocrisy in some form or another. How do you deal with such things? Do you find hypocrisy especially rampant in a particular area (a profession, a group of people, etc.)?
53Lollardy Also known as Wycliffism Medieval heresy Attacked the idea that religious power came through hierarchyPiety was what matteredA holy layperson had as much power as a priestTrue community was about the community of the faithfulOriginated in the 1370s or early 1380s in Oxford with the followers of John WycliffeLollards were persecuted after The Peasants’ Revolt in 1381
54Lollardy Was considered a threat to the government and the church Protests against the wealth, the power, and the pride of the clergyDiscredited transubstantiationThe belief that the Eucharist actually changes into the body and blood of ChristFavored consubstantiationThe belief that the body and blood of Christ exists alongside the Eucharist (bread and wine). The bread and wine does not become the body and blood.
55The Summoner's Prologue and Tale Based on the definitions you’ve received so far (fabliau, exemplum, allegory, parody, etc.), what genre do you think this story fits into? Why?What has happened to the friendly feud between the Summoner and the Friar?
56ClassworkWork with a partner to list other instances of political or social movements that grew out of distrust for the social climate. Think of history, throughout the world and in America. How did these upheavals end? Was change granted? Or was the movement shut down by the people in power?
57HomeworkRead The Merchant’s Prologue, Tale, and Epilogue and answer corresponding questions.
58Do NowThe tales we’ve read deal a lot with relationships, namely love and marriage. In your experience, what are some of the issues/events that can doom a relationship? Are there certain things that can doom a relationship from the start?
59The Merchant’s Prologue, Tale, and Epilogue This story is another example of a fabliau.A short tale, usually vulgar, with a quick funny ending.Love trianglesThe Knight’s TaleEmily is compared to a lily and a rose.Page 22The Miller’s TaleAlison is compared to honey and apples.Page 67The Merchant’s TaleMay is compared to the month of May.Page 255
60The Merchant’s Prologue, Tale, and Epilogue Why would the Wife of Bath approve of May’s behavior?Do you feel sorry for January in the end? Was he better off not knowing the truth?What does this tale tell you about the standards of beauty in Chaucer’s time?
61ClassworkCompare and contrast the love triangles found in each story in your group. You will write your findings on the board and share with the class.
62HomeworkRead The Franklin’s Prologue and Tale and answer corresponding questions.
63Do NowWhat does it mean to have honor? How important is a person’s word in our day and age? Is it still important?
64The Franklin’s Prologue and Tale How does Dorigen fit into the medieval concept of womanhood?Why would the Franklin, a member of the middle class, tell the story of the nobility?
65ClassworkContrast the description of marriage in The Franklin’s Tale with the description of marriage in The Wife of Bath’s Tale.
66HomeworkRead The Pardoner’s Introduction, Prologue, and Tale and answer corresponding questions.
67Do NowIn our current society, greed can be hard to define. What do you think some of the fundamental differences are between being greedy and merely being ambitious? Is there any difference at all, or is the want to be successful just a natural human inclination?
68The Pardoner’s Introduction, Prologue, and Tale Explain in detail the moral lesson conveyed in The Pardoner’s Tale.Give a full character description of the pilgrim Pardoner.
69ClassworkThis tale warns against such vices as avarice, gluttony, sloth, and most notably greed. Write a modern day exemplum that places money as the root of all evil. Include characters, dialogue, and make the moral lesson clear.