Presentation on theme: "1SHE Prevention of Sexual Misconduct and Exploitation The Safe Church Program of the Episcopal Diocese of Long Island."— Presentation transcript:
1SHE Prevention of Sexual Misconduct and Exploitation The Safe Church Program of the Episcopal Diocese of Long Island
SHE2 Agenda Opening Prayer Introductions Power and Ministry Sexual Harassment Sexual Exploitation Prevention and Intervention Wrap up
SHE3 Welcome! “A new commandment, but one we have had from the beginning, let us love one another. And this is love, that we walk according to his commandments.” 2 John 5-6 “Will you strive for justice and peace among all people, and respect the dignity of every human being?” Book of Common Prayer O God, our heavenly Father, you have blessed us and given us dominion over all the earth: increase our reverence before the mystery of life; and give us new insight into your purposes for the human race, and new wisdom and determination in making provision for its future in accordance with your will; through Jesus Christ our Lord. Amen. (BCP 828)
SHE4 Where is the sacred? A 30 year-old female seminarian is kissed fully upon the lips by the 45 year-old married male priest she has been assigned to for CPE training... A 28 year-old male associate is ridiculed for having to take time off to take his spouse to the doctor for fertility testing... When they meet once a month to discuss the church’s needs, the senior warden has no compunction about sharing the latest gay-bash jokes he’s heard...
SHE5 Questions we’ll seek to answer Who needs to be here? Is this about sex or power? What is sexual harassment? What is sexual exploitation? What can we do to prevent or minimize our exposure to misconduct?
SHE6 Why do I need to be here? Clergy, employees and lay ministers – Understanding of issues and perspectives on sexual harassment, misconduct and boundaries. Parish leadership– An awareness of how we create the environment for both lay and ordained members that affects the incidence of sexual misconduct.
SHE7 Power and ministry - What is adult consent? Adult consent is full, mutual agreement achieved without coercion or manipulation. A power imbalance or relationship of fiduciary responsibility makes consent problematic.
SHE8 Power and ministry - What is power? Power begins when a position of authority and responsibility has been established and accepted.
SHE9 Power and ministry - Where does power come from? Occupation, oversight responsibilities Experience or expertise Physical size or attractiveness Gender, age and race Wealth Charisma Power can be both negative (benefiting only the one holding it) or positive (a service to others)
SHE10 Power and ministry - Where does power in ministry arise? Institutional role Educational level Credibility of profession Symbolic power Charisma A confidant (secrets) Spiritual authority Culture and language skills Community trust Transference (larger than life) Mythology of “having the answers” and
SHE11 Power and ministry - What is Caregiver Power? Conferral of power onto a caregiver is Often unconscious and unspoken Derived from the helping relationship An evolving process An “implicit contract” Related to the experience of the recipient of care, not the caregiver’s self-perception Abuse and exploitation can happen when the power differential is not acknowledged, honored, and protected.
SHE12 Power and ministry - Predictable responses to the exercise of power Coercion – Anger Reward – Probably not effective after reward stops Expertise – Defined by subject and ability Position – Submission without understanding Reference (Mom says) – Resentment Flattery – Seductive, may take skill to detect Normative – True conversion, takes time, requires consent
SHE13 Power and ministry - The power in you Where do you exercise power in ministry? What form does that power take? How might a power imbalance in your situation be abused?
SHE14 Definitions - What is sexual misconduct? Sexual Misconduct is an umbrella term that includes sexual abuse, sexual exploitation, and sexual harassment. Sexual misconduct by those engaged in ministry is contrary to Christian morals, canon law, and in some cases civil law.
SHE15 Sexual Harassment - What is sexual harassment? Sexual Harassment is any unwelcome behavior of a sexual nature that makes the recipient feel uncomfortable or threatened. Sexual harassment has traditionally been defined as within a work context, but this has expanded to include collegial, mentor, and ministerial relationships.
SHE16 Sexual Harassment - What is considered sexual harassment? Verbal harassment: Explicit or innuendo, sexual nicknames, sexual jokes, stories, rumors, comments about anatomy, clothing Non-verbal harassment: Staring, facial expressions (winks, throwing kisses, etc.), sexually suggestive visual materials, sexual gestures Physical harassment: Unwanted touching of any sort, blocking or restricting freedom of movement, giving unwanted personal gifts
SHE17 Sexual Harassment - What is considered a hostile work environment? Creating a working environment perceived to be intimidating or offensive through unwanted behavior of a sexual nature. Verbal, non-verbal, or physical harassment can create a hostile work environment.
SHE18 Sexual Harassment - What is considered a quid pro quo? “Something for something” Explicit or implicit offer of job favors in return for sex The perpetrator is someone with supervisory authority Can include bystander quid pro quo – damaging to another individual
SHE19 Sexual Harassment - Misconceptions about sexual harassment Victims “ask for it” through behavior or dress Only women are harassed It’s a blue collar problem Men and women agree on what constitutes sexual harassment No complaints means no problems Most charges are false You can only harass members of the opposite sex
SHE20 Sexual Harassment - Harassment is not defined by intentions It is considered harassment regardless of the actor’s intention, and even if the receiver seems to be “going along” with the behavior. Ask yourself: Would you say/do the same if your spouse or significant partner was nearby? Would you feel comfortable if your comments or behavior were reported in the church’s newspaper? Would you be offended if the same behavior were directed at someone you care about?
SHE21 Sexual Harassment - Extent of the Problem Experienced sexual harassment in church: Clergywomen77% Laity20% Students48% Employees37% Female clergy by male clergy44% Source: Office of Research, General Council on Ministries, The United Methodist Church, 1990
SHE22 Sexual Harassment - What should a victim do? Don’t blame yourself. Act if you can. Say, “no,” and tell the harasser to stop. Silence may be seen by your harasser as encouragement. Know your rights. Document your situation and speak to your clergy, or call the Bishop’s Office at (516) 248-4800, ext. 31 “By setting forth the truth plainly we commend ourselves to every person’s conscience in the sight of God.” 2 Corinthians 4:2
SHE23 Sexual Exploitation - What is sexual exploitation? Developing or attempting to develop a sexual relationship between a cleric, employee, or volunteer and an individual he/she has a pastoral relationship whether or not there is apparent consent.
SHE24 Sexual Exploitation - Who are lay pastoral caregivers? Stephen Ministries (if your parish has this ministry) Youth leaders, Sunday School teachers Eucharistic Ministers and Pastoral Visitors (best for a team of at least 2) Hospital Visitors Pastoral Care Interns (i.e., seminarians or graduate students in CPE) School Chaplains Day School teachers & aides As we are all members of a royal priesthood (1Peter 2:9), we are all involved in ministry.
SHE25 Sexual Exploitation - What are the issues of exploitation? Pastoral relationships have inherent trust, idealization and decency There is an imbalance of power There is a breach of fiduciary duty to place the other’s interests above one’s own Spiritual trauma
SHE26 Sexual Exploitation - Preying on those who... May have a history of childhood sexual abuse (a learned tendency to eroticize relationships) May have other history of victimization May be borderline personality disorder May demand exception to usual boundaries May insist on self-disclosure by minister May demand physical contact (hugs) May take other forms of undue familiarity Neither consent nor provocation is a defense
SHE27 Prevention and intervention - Establishing boundaries Carefully assess the person you are caring for How great a risk of being misinterpreted? Work in public, with a partner Document what happened and consult a supervisor Avoid sexual humor, innuendo and flirting Do not offer alcohol to underage people Be prudent about self-disclosure. If you need to “unload”, speak to your supervisor or a professional Use appropriate touch (i.e., mirror) Romantic involvement while in a pastoral relationship (lay or ordained) is inappropriate
SHE28 Prevention and intervention - What are personal warning signs? Excessive self-disclosure of current personal needs (role reversal) Excessive gift giving Excessive or selective touch (remember mirroring) Undue anticipation of visits Non-standard meeting locations Continued fantasies about person Secrets kept from spouse or colleagues (remember the blush test)
SHE29 Prevention and intervention – Other personal warning signs Symptoms of burnout: sleep disorder, general fatigue, depression Increased family conflicts Overworking to avoid going home Not taking vacation days or involving spouse in family plans Dreaming/fantasizing about colleagues or parishioners Failure to maintain personal devotional life beyond sermon or lay ministry preparation Substance abuse Family history of abuse
SHE30 Prevention and intervention - What can be done to minimize misconduct? Know the ethical considerations Be aware of the power dynamics Participate in accountability Create, develop and be a part of a network of supervisors and peers Be open in discussions with supervisors Establish priorities Pay attention to yourself, the demands of home and ministry, and your personal devotional path Recognize and obey warning signs
SHE31 Prevention and intervention - What can the Vestry do to minimize misconduct? Create an atmosphere of compliance All employed or engaged in at-risk areas are required to take this training session. Create an environment supporting compliance Whenever possible encourage teams for at-risk service situations. Provide an environment for visibility by other adults (glass in doors, policies about one-on-one meetings, etc.)
SHE32 Prevention and intervention - Reporting misconduct Speak with your clergy, or Contact the Bishop’s Office at (516) 248-4800, ext. 31 For more information you may also contact the Mercer School of Theology at (516) 248-4800, ext. 40