Presentation on theme: "The Office of the President of the U.S. is regarded as the most powerful in the world since the U.S. is the greatest world power. Chapter 8 The Presidency."— Presentation transcript:
The Office of the President of the U.S. is regarded as the most powerful in the world since the U.S. is the greatest world power. Chapter 8 The Presidency
2 U.S. Presidents
3 Presidency ★ Article II of the Constitution (read it!!) deals with the Presidency. ★ Qualifications - natural-born citizen; 35 years old; resided 14 years in U.S. ★ Term of office is 4 years; limited to two full terms per Twenty-Second Amendment. ★ Can be impeached by Congress. ★ Order of succession is in 1947 Presidential Succession Act.succession
4 Presidential Succession
5 Electing the President ★ Nominated by a political party. ★ Wins a majority of the votes cast in the Electoral College. ★ If no candidate wins a majority of the votes in the Electoral College...the House of Representatives elects the President. ★ http://www.history.com/videos/the- electoral-college#the-electoral- college http://www.history.com/videos/the- electoral-college#the-electoral- college
6 Constitutional Powers ★ Commander in Chief of the military. ★ Grant pardons. ★ Make treaties. ★ Appoint cabinet, ambassadors, Supreme Court Justices/other Federal Judges. ★ Deliver annual State of Union address. ★ Convene Congress into special sessions. ★ Veto Congressional legislation. ★ Receive ambassadors and foreign representatives. ★ Ensure laws of Congress “be faithfully executed.”
7 Roles of the President ★ Commander in Chief ★ Chief Executive enforces laws and court decisions handles national emergencies ★ Head of State country’s representative to the world ★ Chief Diplomat directs U.S. foreign policy ★ Shaper of Domestic Policy proposes legislation to Congress ★ Political Party Leader
8 Presidential Leadership ★ Leadership ability and personality. ★ “Power to persuade.” ★ Bully pulpit and going public - president goes over the heads of members of Congress to gain support from the people, who can then pressure Congress. ★ http://www.whitehouse.gov/briefing- room/weekly-address http://www.whitehouse.gov/briefing- room/weekly-address
10 The President’s Cabinet ★ Formal body of presidential advisers who head the executive departments and assist with decision making. ★ Appointed by the president and approved by the Senate.
11 U.S. Cabinet
12 Commander in Chief ★ As commander in chief, the president can respond quickly to military threats without waiting for congressional action. ★ War Powers Resolution of 1973 requires the president to notify Congress within 48 hours of deploying troops and prevents the president from sending troops abroad for more than 60 days (or 90 days if needed for withdrawal). ★ Is War Powers Resolution constitutional?
13 President Obama and the War Powers Act http://www.cnn.com/2011/POLITICS/06 /15/war.powers.libya/index.html?hpt=h p_t1http://www.cnn.com/2011/POLITICS/06 /15/war.powers.libya/index.html?hpt=h p_t1
14 Expansion of Presidential Powers ★ Executive orders – a rule or regulation issued by the president that has the effect of law. used by Truman to end segregation in the military. used by Reagan to stop federal funding of fetal tissue research and abortion counseling. used by Obama (2/23/2011) to stop defending Defense of Marriage Act.
15 Executive Orders Defense of Marriage Act ★ http://www.cnn.com/video/#/video/b estoftv/2011/02/24/exp.am.intv.host in.cnn?iref=videosearch http://www.cnn.com/video/#/video/b estoftv/2011/02/24/exp.am.intv.host in.cnn?iref=videosearch
16 Expansion of Presidential Powers ★ War on Terrorism - Congress passed a joint resolution authorizing the president to use “all necessary and appropriate force against those nations, organizations, or persons he determines planned, authorized, committed, or aided the terrorist attacks that occurred on September 11, 2001.”
17 Executive Privilege ★ An implied presidential power claimed by presidents to withhold information regarding confidential conversations or national security from Congress or the courts.
18 How Much Power Does the President Have? ★ http://www.pbs.org/moyers/journal/1 0262007/watch.html http://www.pbs.org/moyers/journal/1 0262007/
19 ★ Anwar al-Awlaki born in New Mexico Muslim cleric advocating violent jihad against U.S. linked with Major Hasan accused of killing 13 at Fort Hood inspired Time Square bomber ★ Can the U.S. execute one of its citizens with no judicial process? How Much Power Does the President Have?
★ http://www.cnn.com/video/#/video/politi cs/2010/09/25/nr.al.awlaki.lawsuit.cnn?ir ef=allsearch http://www.cnn.com/video/#/video/politi cs/2010/09/25/nr.al.awlaki.lawsuit.cnn?ir ef=allsearch How Much Power Does the President Have?
21 ★ In the area of the war on terrorism, what is one thing President Bush did and one thing President Obama has done which raises questions about whether they had the power to do them?
22 http://www.americanrhetoric.com/speeche s/jfkhoustonministers.htmlhttp://www.americanrhetoric.com/speeche s/jfkhoustonministers.html Kennedy met with the Greater Houston Ministerial Association saying he had come to talk about “not what kind of church I believe in, for that should be important only to me--but what kind of America I believe in.” Presidents and Religion