Presentation on theme: "The war in Iraq Donovan fox Per1 Eng 12. A summery of the war. on march 20 th 3003 President Bush announces U.S. forces have begun a military operation."— Presentation transcript:
A summery of the war. on march 20 th 3003 President Bush announces U.S. forces have begun a military operation into Iraq. "These are opening stages of what will be a broad and concerted campaign," the president says. That initial effort to "decapitate" Iraq's leadership with air strikes fails, clearing the way for a ground invasion. April 9 th 2003 U.S., British, and other coalition forces quickly overwhelm the Iraqi Army, though elements loyal to Saddam Hussein who will form the core of a postwar insurgency fight on. May 1 st 2003 President Bush declares the end of major combat operations in Iraq from the deck of the aircraft carrier USS Abraham Lincoln. Lawlessness and some skirmishing in the country are written off as the desperate acts of "dead-enders" by Defense Secretary Donald Rumsfeld. May 23 rd 2003 After two weeks on the job, L. Paul Bremer III, head of the Coalition Provisional Authority in Iraq, signs an order disbanding the Iraqi army (PDF) and intelligence services, sending hundreds of thousands of well- armed men into the streets. The order, coupled with an earlier decision to purge Baathists (PDF) from the government, has lasting repercussions. June 22rd 2003 With violence beginning to coalesce into organized resistance to the U.S.-led occupation, Saddam Hussein's sons, Uday and Qusay, are killed by U.S. troops during a raid in the northern city of Mosul. The manhunt that led to their demise had yet to find Saddam himself or many of his top aides. December 14 th 2003 Acting on tips from the dictator's bodyguard and family members, U.S. troops find Saddam Hussein hiding out in a one-man hole near his boyhood home of Tikrit. The capture is heralded by military officials as a possible turning point, and Washington expresses hope that rising violence will abate.
Summery of the war continued March 31 2004 Al-Qaeda in Iraq mounts a wave of suicide bombings, striking against Shiite holy sites in Baghdad and Karbala. The attacks kill hundreds, stoking sectarian resentment. In Fallujah, meanwhile, four U.S. contractors are killed, burned, and hung from a bridge, with video of the slaughter beamed around the world. April 28 th 2004 Evidence of prisoner abuse inside the U.S.-run Abu Ghraib prison become public. Backed by photographic evidence, the conviction of seven soldiers for the torture and humiliation of detainees brings jail sentences. Critics, including some of the convicted, complain that senior officers and officials are spared. September 8 th 2004 thousand U.S. and Iraqi forces assault the insurgent stronghold of Fallujah in central Iraq. The urban fighting is successful but costly. Thirty-eight U.S. troops die, along with six Iraqi soldiers. The Pentagon estimates 1,200 insurgents are killed, and the Red Cross says eight hundred Iraqi civilians die with them. October 15 th 2005 Despite violent outbursts, 2005 is an election year for Iraq, and a sign of hope for Washington. In the fall, Shiites flash victory signs--ink-stained fingers--in front of an image of Shiite cleric Grand Ayatollah Ali al- Sistani after voting in Iraq's constitution referendum. Two months later Iraqis vote for their first, full-term government, giving Shiites majority control of parliament. February 22 nd 2006 Sunni extremists destroy the gilded Shiite shrine in Samarra. The attack unleashes waves of sectarian violence in Baghdad's Shiite district of Sadr City that spread across the country. Analysts later point to the Samarra strike as the start of sectarian bloodletting. April 22 nd 2006 December 2005 elections bring the Shiite United Iraqi Alliance into power, and in April 2006, the party names Nouri al-Maliki prime minister. Maliki is a longtime Iraqi politician with close ties to Iran. He forms a unity government with Iraqi Kurds and Sunnis the next month.
Summery of the war continued June 8 th 2006 Abu Musab al-Zarqawi, leader of Al-Qaeda in Iraq, is killed in a U.S.-led air strike near Baquba. His bloody campaign of suicide bombings, kidnappings, and beheadings was deplored by American and Iraqis alike. Washington expresses measured optimism his death will dampen the insurgency. July 9 th 2006 It is widely agreed upon that Iraqi civilian deaths peak in July. But estimates, which hover between 1,000 and 3,500 for that month, vary greatly. The Pentagon declines to keep such statistics. Independent analyses diverge greatly. November 5 th The trial of Iraq's former dictator ends with a sentence of death by hanging. In the south, Shiites take to the streets celebrating. Sunni militants north of Baghdad vow revenge. In the courtroom, a bailiff attempts to silence Saddam as the verdict "guilty of crimes against humanity" is dispensed. November 8 th President Bush accepts the resignation of Defense Secretary Donald Rumsfeld, who had become a lightning rod for criticism of the conduct of the war. Rumsfeld's replacement, Robert M. Gates, assumes office the same day. December 30 th sadam husan is executed by hanging January 10 th 2007 20,000 troops approved to be sent to iraq june 1 st 2007 U.S. forces begin recruiting Sunni tribe members, many former insurgents, to take up arms against militants working with al-Qaeda in Iraq. The so-called Awakening begins in Anbar Province but spreads to other parts of Iraq. The tactic is credited by Gen. David H. Petraeus and others with helping diminish insurgent violence in the second half of 2007. Augest 19 th 2007 As security in Iraq's central provinces improves, hopes for calm in northern Iraq are shattered when coordinated suicide truck bombings decimate villages of minority Yazidis, west of Mosul. Hundreds are killed and wounded in the deadliest strike since the beginning of the war. December 30 th 2007 U.S. war casualties total nine hundred in 2007, making the year of the "surge" the deadliest yet for U.S. soldiers. As the five-year anniversary approaches, nearly four thousand U.S. troops have died in the fighting, and an additional thirty thousand have been wounded. Here a woman in Santa Monica, California, pays homage to the dead at a war memorial.
Iraq war continued March 24 th 2008 Baghdad and the southern port city of Basra erupt in violence as loyalists to Shiite Muslim cleric Muqtada al-Sadr attack U.S. and Iraqi security forces. In response, Prime Minister Nouri al-Maliki launches a crackdown on Sadrists, convincing some--though not all--that he is a national leader above sectarianism. April 23 rd 2008 President Bush taps the U.S. commanding general in Iraq, Gen. David Petraeus, to lead Central Command, placing him in operational control of both the Iraq and Afghanistan efforts. Petreaus's former No. 2 in Iraq, Lt. Gen. Raymond Odierno, is named the new commanding general in Iraq. September 1 st 2008 In Anbar, once the country's most restive province, the U.S. military hands over security responsibilities to the Iraqis. The move is seen as a symbolic first step toward eventual U.S. withdrawal. Later the same month, Iraq's parliament passes a provincial elections law, clearing the way for voting in most of Iraq's provinces by January 31, 2009. November 4 th 2008 Barack Obama, campaigning on a vow to withdraw combat troops in Iraq within sixteen months of taking office, is elected the forty-fourth president of the United States on November 4. Three weeks later, the Iraqi parliament approves a pair of agreements outlining future military and civilian relations between Washington and Baghdad, confirming U.S. forces aim to withdraw by 2011.
the ending of the war in iraq Febuary 1 st 2008 Making good on a campaign pledge, President Obama announces plans to remove combat brigades from Iraq by August 2010. His plan will leave a transitional force of 35,000 to 50,000 soldiers and marines to train, equip, and advise Iraqi security forces until the end of 2011. Seen by many as the beginning of the end of the war, some experts express concern over the pacing, and Secretary of Defense Robert Gates says Washington should be prepared to maintain a "modest-sized presence" after the 2011 deadline if the Iraqis request it. June 30 th 2009 U.S. combat troops withdraw from Baghdad and other Iraqi cities in accordance with a Status of Forces agreement (SOFA) December 2009 December 2009 marks the first full month in which there are no U.S. combat deaths (CNN) since the beginning of the war. May was the deadliest month of 2009, with seventeen combat-related casualties and an additional eight non-combat deaths. In 2009, 149 U.S. troops were killed in Iraq, the lowest annual rate of U.S. military fatalities since the U.S. invasion in 2003. March 7 2007 Parliamentary elections are held on March 7 under stringent security by Iraqi forces. Dozens of explosions rock Baghdad and other Iraqi cities, but voter turnout is over 62 percent August 31 2010 After more than seven years of war, 4,400 U.S. casualties, and tens of thousands of Iraqi civilians killed (PDF), the United States officially ends its combat mission in Iraq. October 21 st 2011 In accordance with prior security agreements, President Barack Obama announces that the remaining thirty-nine thousand U.S. troops will return from Iraq by the end of 2011,
Cost of the Iraq war In October of 2009 the u.s. was spending a total of $7.3 billion as of Oct 2009, 12 billion in 2008 and a total of $5,000 a second in 2008. The govererment has approved About $1 trillion of US taxpayers' funds spent or approved for spending through 2011 on the war. There is $9 billion of US taxpayers' money and $549.7 million in spare parts shipped in 2004 to US contractors that is uncounted for.
Number of military personnel lost in combat. There is total of 40,000 U.S. troops. All other nations have withdrawn their troops. U.S. Troop Casualties - 4,481 US troops; 98% male. 91% non-officers; 82% active duty, 11% National Guard; 74% Caucasian, 9% African-American, 11% Latino. 19% killed by non-hostile causes. 54% of US casualties were under 25 years old. 72% were from the US Army US Troops Wounded - 32,195, 20% of which are serious brain or spinal injuries. (Total excludes psychological injuries.) US Troops with Serious Mental Health Problems - 30% of US troops develop serious mental health problems within 3 to 4 months of returning home US Military Helicopters Downed in Iraq - 75 total, at least 36 by enemy fire Ages 18-21 -- 28.2% (1,325) of the deaths Ages 22-24 -- 23.7% (1,108) of the deaths Ages 25-30 -- 25.6% (1,198) of the deaths Ages 31-35 -- 10.4% (486) of the deaths Over 35 -- 12.1% (566) of the deaths
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