Presentation on theme: "NUKES Iran and the US Overview Video Overview Video."— Presentation transcript:
NUKES Iran and the US
Overview Video Overview Video
Treaties IAEAIAEAIAEA –International Atomic Energy Agency –1957 NPTNPTNPT –Treaty on the Non- Proliferation of Nuclear States –1968
Interactive Map Interactive Map
Iran’s Nuclear Program Time BBC
Iran and NUKES Explaining the History: Iran Primer: Iran and the IAEAIran Primer: Iran and the IAEAIran Primer: Iran and the IAEAIran Primer: Iran and the IAEA What is the November 24 deal:What is the November 24 deal:deal Since Rouhani?? On November 24, 2013, Iran and the G5+1 signed an interim nuclear deal in the Swiss city of Geneva. Based on the interim deal, the world powers agreed to suspend some non-essential sanctions and impose no new nuclear-related bans in return for Tehran’s decision to freeze parts of its nuclear activities. November 24, 2014… a deal must be met: –Indeed, the essence of the deal that has always made most sense -- a rollback of the Iranian nuclear program in return for a rollback of sanctions -- seems increasingly beyond reach. Instead, the Iranians have been insisting on a rollback of the sanctions in return only for limited transparency on their industrial-size nuclear program. But Washington has insisted for a long time that, given Iran’s past violations of the Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty (NPT), limited transparency won’t be enough.
& Hassan Rouhani??? Elected as President of Iran June 2013 –Replaced Mahmoud Ahmadinejad –Islamic activist during 1979 –Reformer? Twitter: –https://twitter.com/HassanR ouhanihttps://twitter.com/HassanR ouhani
The president is elected for four years and can serve no more than two consecutive terms. President Ahmadinejad: elected in 2005 The constitution describes him as the second-highest ranking official in the country. He is head of the executive branch of power and is responsible for ensuring the constitution is implemented. In practice, however, presidential powers are circumscribed by the clerics and conservatives in Iran's power structure, and by the authority of the Supreme Leader. It is the Supreme Leader, not the president, who controls the armed forces and makes decisions on security, defence and major foreign policy issues. All presidential candidates are vetted by the Guardian Council, which banned hundreds of hopefuls from standing in the 2005 elections. Conservative Tehran mayor Mahmoud Ahmadinejad became president in 2005 after he defeated former president Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani in a second round run-off poll. Mr Ahmadinejad is Iran's first president since 1981 who is not a cleric. Mr Ahmadinejad replaced reformist Mohammad Khatami who was elected president in May 1997 with nearly 70% of the vote. He failed to get key reforms through the Guardian Council and was hampered further after conservatives won back a majority in parliament in elections in 2004.
Questions Should Iran be allowed to develop nuclear weapons according to the IAEA? Should Iran be allowed to enrich Uranium for energy use according to the IAEA?
HISTORY The 1979 Iranian Revolution
Iran Iran (Persia): a history 1925: Army officer Reza Khan seized power and declared himself Shah- King1925: Army officer Reza Khan seized power and declared himself Shah- King –Constitutional Monarchy Corrupt! –Began to modernize (Westernize) 1941 (WWII): His son, Reza Pahlavi took over1941 (WWII): His son, Reza Pahlavi took over –US Backed! –Iranians resented the Monarchy Islamic Sharia Law? Or just a democracy? 1979: Iranian (Islamic) Revolution1979: Iranian (Islamic) Revolution –Slideshow of the revolutionSlideshow of the revolution –Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini (Supreme Leader) –Islamic Republic Supreme Leader (religious, life term)/ President (elected, terms) Shah Flees to USA, USA will not return him to Iran (executed if goes back) Nov 4 th, Iranian Hostage CrisisNov 4 th, Iranian Hostage Crisis –US Embassy in Tehran- 63 hostages were taken: 52 people held for 444 days –Pres Carter tried to rescue, failed. Khomeini resented that Carter saved the Shah –Released after Reagan was elected US & Iran– Interactive timelineUS & Iran– Interactive timelineUS & Iran– Interactive timelineUS & Iran– Interactive timeline US+Pahlavi=