1.Understand the history of Modern-Day Terrorism. 2.Define Terrorism and Weapons of Mass Destruction. 3.Understand the types of Weapons of Mass Destruction and their effects. 4.Identify the threat to Northwest Ohio. 5.Explain how to respond if a terrorist attack occurs in your community. Objectives
1.Understand the history of Modern- Day Terrorism. Objectives
1763: Ohio River Valley Sir Jeffrey Amherst 40,000 Killed History of Terrorism
V History of Terrorism 1970 -2000 The Events Marine Barracks, Beirut U.S. Embassy, BeirutKhobar Towers, Saudia Arabia Achille-Lauro, Mediterranean Sea Colonel William Higgins Robert Stethom, U.S. Navy U.S.. Embassy, Tanzania U.S.. Embassy, Kenya U.S.S. Cole, Yemen
February 26, 1993 World Trade Center 6 Killed 1,000 Injured History of Terrorism
Definition: Left-Wing December 1-3, 1999 Seattle, Washington
Definition: Special Interest Group Earth Liberation Front
Nation of Islam Ohio Unorganized Militia Skinheads Aryan Nation Ku Klux Klan World Church of the Creator Ohio Organized Militia Domestic Terrorist Groups: Ohio
Definition 1. Domestic Terrorism 2. International Terrorism Right – Wing Terrorism Left – Wing Terrorism Special Interest Groups Radical International Jihad Movement State Sponsors of Terrorism Formalized Terrorist Organizations
IRAQ IRAN SUDAN SYRIA NORTH KOREA State Sponsors of Terrorism
December 21, 1984 Pan Am Flight 103 283 killed State Sponsors of Terrorism
Sheikh Yassin Hamas Cleric …..If the U.S. moves into Iraq, suicide bombers will target U.S. interests and personnel, which in the past, Hamas only targeted Israeli interests..… Formalized Terrorist Groups
3.Understand the types of Weapons of Mass Destruction and their effects. Objectives
Radiological Threat LUCAS COUNTY Community Emergency Response Teams
Dirty Bomb Dirty Bomb: Conventional explosive which simply disperses industrial or medical-grade radioactive material over a large populated area with the intent to: (1) contaminate a wide area and render it useless for a period of time (2) cause widespread panic amongst the population.
Chemical Threat LUCAS COUNTY Community Emergency Response Teams
Chemical Agents Chemical Warfare Agents Lethal Incapacitating and Riot Control Incapacitating and Riot Control Industrial Chemicals Warfare Agents Choking Agents Choking Agents Blood Agents Blood Agents Blister Agents Blister Agents Nerve Agents Nerve Agents Classes of Chemical Agents
Chemical Attack Indicators Dead animals. Discolored or dead plant life. Unexplained odors (per dispatch). Low lying clouds. Written or verbal threats. Report of an explosion with little or no physical damage. Mass casualty scene or definite casualty pattern with similar symptoms.
Biological Threat LUCAS COUNTY Community Emergency Response Teams
Biological Threat Bacterial Anthrax Plague Viral Small Pox Viral Hemorrhagic Fever Toxins Botulism Ricin T HREE C LASSES
Biological Attack Indicators Unusual number of sick or dying people or animals. Suspicious bombing incidents. Unscheduled or unusual dissemination of sprayed materials. Abandoned spray or dispersion device. Containers from laboratory or biological supply houses. Calls to 911 Dispatch & EMS Response. Written or verbal threats.
Explosive Threat LUCAS COUNTY Community Emergency Response Teams
Explosive Devices 70% of all Terrorist Attacks are committed using Explosives.
Explosive Devices Oklahoma City, Oklahoma 168 Taegue, South Korea202 Bali, Indonesia283 Tanzania & Kenya, Africa264 Madrid, Spain198 Lucas County
WMD Weapons Reasons terrorists might use WMD weapons Cheap Available Effective Difficult to detect Maximum benefit /minimum resources
Available: Atomic Boy Scout Atomic Energy Merit Badge
V Effectiveness: “Chemical Ali” March 17, 1988 Halabja, Iraq 5,000 Killed
4.Identify the threat to Northwest Ohio. Objectives
5.Explain how to respond if a terrorist attack occurs in our community. Objectives
Emergency Preparedness 1. Awareness Knowing your surroundings Training Threats
Emergency Preparedness 2.Emergency Plan Identify Home Hazards How to shutoff utilities How to use safety equipment
Emergency Preparedness 2.Emergency Plan Evacuation Plans vs. Shelter-In-Place Prearranged Meeting Place Contact Phone Numbers Prearranged Safe Spot in your Home
Emergency Preparedness 2.Emergency Plan Create a Disaster Supply Kit Water & Food First Aid Tools & Supplies Clothing & Bedding Special Items; ie. Medicine, Pet Needs
Emergency Response Listen to the Radio for Information Evacuate or Shelter-In-Place Give Assistance to Those Around While at Home......
Emergency Response If told to Evacuate: While at Home..... · Use specified evacuation routes or designated shelters. · Lock your house. · Inform others that you have left. · Consider using your meeting place.
Emergency Response While at Home..... If told to Shelter-In-Place: · Go to the designated safe spot in your home. · Seal up the shelter. · Keep your disaster supply kit with you. · Stay there until notified that it is safe to leave.
Emergency Response 1.Recognition Suspicious Surroundings Indicators of an Attack If Caught in a Public Place....
Emergency Response 2.Protect your Respiratory System Damp towel over nose & mouth. If Caught in a Public Place....
Emergency Response 3.Evacuate to a Safe Place Upwind / Uphill Outside (if you’re in an enclosed space) Time-Distance-Shield Take shelter from falling debris If Caught in a Public Place....
Emergency Response 4.Decontaminate Immediately Remove clothing & jewelry Wash thoroughly with soap & water If Caught in a Public Place....
Emergency Response 5.Notify 9-1-1 Detailed and complete information If Caught in a Public Place....
Emergency Response 6.Wait for Safety Forces to arrive Don’t leave the scene Treatment Distance yourself from other victims (if chemical attack) If Caught in a Public Place....
Conclusion ALWAYS BE PREPARED YOUR SAFETY COMES FIRST TRAINING AND EDUCATION IS THE KEY
Questions & Comments LUCAS COUNTY Community Emergency Response Teams