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M ODULE 8 - T ERRORISM L UCAS C OUNTY C ommunity E mergency R esponse T eams Promoting a culture of service, citizenship and responsibility.

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Presentation on theme: "M ODULE 8 - T ERRORISM L UCAS C OUNTY C ommunity E mergency R esponse T eams Promoting a culture of service, citizenship and responsibility."— Presentation transcript:

1 M ODULE 8 - T ERRORISM L UCAS C OUNTY C ommunity E mergency R esponse T eams Promoting a culture of service, citizenship and responsibility

2 Terrorism

3 1.Understand the history of Modern-Day Terrorism. 2.Define Terrorism and Weapons of Mass Destruction. 3.Understand the types of Weapons of Mass Destruction and their effects. 4.Identify the threat to Northwest Ohio. 5.Explain how to respond if a terrorist attack occurs in your community. Objectives

4 1.Understand the history of Modern- Day Terrorism. Objectives

5 1763: Ohio River Valley Sir Jeffrey Amherst 40,000 Killed History of Terrorism

6 WW I – WWII 10,000,000 (est.) Killed

7 History of Terrorism

8 The Terrorists

9 V History of Terrorism The Events Marine Barracks, Beirut U.S. Embassy, BeirutKhobar Towers, Saudia Arabia Achille-Lauro, Mediterranean Sea Colonel William Higgins Robert Stethom, U.S. Navy U.S.. Embassy, Tanzania U.S.. Embassy, Kenya U.S.S. Cole, Yemen

10 February 26, 1993 World Trade Center 6 Killed 1,000 Injured History of Terrorism

11

12 2. Define Terrorism and Weapons of Mass Destruction. Objectives

13 Definition Terrorism is the unlawful use of force or violence against persons or property in violation of criminal laws for purposes of intimidation, coercion, or ransom.

14 V March 20, 1995 Tokyo, Japan 12 Killed; 5,500 Injured Definition

15 V March 1984 The Dalles, Oregon 751 Sickened

16 Definition 1. Domestic Terrorism 2. International Terrorism Right – Wing Terrorism Left – Wing Terrorism Special Interest Groups

17 Definition: Right-Wing April 19, 1995 Oklahoma City, Oklahoma 168 killed; 400 injured July, 1996 – February, 1997 Atlanta, Georgia 4 killed 200 injured

18 Definition: Left-Wing December 1-3, 1999 Seattle, Washington

19 Definition: Special Interest Group Earth Liberation Front

20 Nation of Islam Ohio Unorganized Militia Skinheads Aryan Nation Ku Klux Klan World Church of the Creator Ohio Organized Militia Domestic Terrorist Groups: Ohio

21 Definition 1. Domestic Terrorism 2. International Terrorism Right – Wing Terrorism Left – Wing Terrorism Special Interest Groups Radical International Jihad Movement State Sponsors of Terrorism Formalized Terrorist Organizations

22 IRAQ IRAN SUDAN SYRIA NORTH KOREA State Sponsors of Terrorism

23 December 21, 1984 Pan Am Flight killed State Sponsors of Terrorism

24 Sheikh Yassin Hamas Cleric …..If the U.S. moves into Iraq, suicide bombers will target U.S. interests and personnel, which in the past, Hamas only targeted Israeli interests..… Formalized Terrorist Groups

25 Terrorist Cells in the U.S.

26 3.Understand the types of Weapons of Mass Destruction and their effects. Objectives

27 Radiological Threat LUCAS COUNTY Community Emergency Response Teams

28 Dirty Bomb Dirty Bomb: Conventional explosive which simply disperses industrial or medical-grade radioactive material over a large populated area with the intent to: (1) contaminate a wide area and render it useless for a period of time (2) cause widespread panic amongst the population.

29 Types of Radiation Alpha Beta Gamma X-Ray

30 Personal Protection TIMEDISTANCESHIELD

31 Chemical Threat LUCAS COUNTY Community Emergency Response Teams

32 Chemical Agents Chemical Warfare Agents Lethal Incapacitating and Riot Control Incapacitating and Riot Control Industrial Chemicals Warfare Agents Choking Agents Choking Agents Blood Agents Blood Agents Blister Agents Blister Agents Nerve Agents Nerve Agents Classes of Chemical Agents

33 Chemical Attack Indicators Dead animals. Discolored or dead plant life. Unexplained odors (per dispatch). Low lying clouds. Written or verbal threats. Report of an explosion with little or no physical damage. Mass casualty scene or definite casualty pattern with similar symptoms.

34 Biological Threat LUCAS COUNTY Community Emergency Response Teams

35 Biological Threat Bacterial Anthrax Plague Viral Small Pox Viral Hemorrhagic Fever Toxins Botulism Ricin T HREE C LASSES

36 Biological Attack Indicators Unusual number of sick or dying people or animals. Suspicious bombing incidents. Unscheduled or unusual dissemination of sprayed materials. Abandoned spray or dispersion device. Containers from laboratory or biological supply houses. Calls to 911 Dispatch & EMS Response. Written or verbal threats.

37 Explosive Threat LUCAS COUNTY Community Emergency Response Teams

38 Explosive Devices 70% of all Terrorist Attacks are committed using Explosives.

39 Explosive Devices Oklahoma City, Oklahoma 168 Taegue, South Korea202 Bali, Indonesia283 Tanzania & Kenya, Africa264 Madrid, Spain198 Lucas County

40 WMD Weapons Reasons terrorists might use WMD weapons  Cheap  Available  Effective  Difficult to detect  Maximum benefit /minimum resources

41 Available: Atomic Boy Scout Atomic Energy Merit Badge

42 V Effectiveness: “Chemical Ali” March 17, 1988 Halabja, Iraq 5,000 Killed

43 4.Identify the threat to Northwest Ohio. Objectives

44 Threat to NW Ohio

45 Proximity to Canada -Open Borders The Interstate Highway System Proximity to Known Terrorist Cells History of “Holy Toledo” Port of Toledo Great Lakes/Fresh Water Threat to NW Ohio

46 T ERRORIST T ARGETS IN N ORTHWEST O HIO ?

47 Terrorist Targets Enclosed areas

48 Terrorist Targets  High profile events  Large crowds  High payoff and accessible facilities

49 Auglaize Terrorist Targets  High profile events  Large crowds  High payoff and accessible facilities

50 Guernsey Terrorist Targets  High profile events  Large crowds  High payoff and accessible facilities

51 Cuyahoga Terrorist Targets  High profile events  Large crowds  High payoff and accessible facilities Lucas County

52 Terrorist Targets  Critical facilities & infrastructures

53 Terrorist Targets

54 Historic and Symbolic Places of Interest

55 5.Explain how to respond if a terrorist attack occurs in our community. Objectives

56 Emergency Preparedness 1. Awareness Knowing your surroundings Training Threats

57 Emergency Preparedness 2.Emergency Plan Identify Home Hazards How to shutoff utilities How to use safety equipment

58 Emergency Preparedness 2.Emergency Plan Evacuation Plans vs. Shelter-In-Place Prearranged Meeting Place Contact Phone Numbers Prearranged Safe Spot in your Home

59 Emergency Preparedness 2.Emergency Plan Create a Disaster Supply Kit Water & Food First Aid Tools & Supplies Clothing & Bedding Special Items; ie. Medicine, Pet Needs

60 Emergency Response Listen to the Radio for Information Evacuate or Shelter-In-Place Give Assistance to Those Around While at Home......

61 Emergency Response If told to Evacuate: While at Home..... · Use specified evacuation routes or designated shelters. · Lock your house. · Inform others that you have left. · Consider using your meeting place.

62 Emergency Response While at Home..... If told to Shelter-In-Place: · Go to the designated safe spot in your home. · Seal up the shelter. · Keep your disaster supply kit with you. · Stay there until notified that it is safe to leave.

63 Emergency Response 1.Recognition  Suspicious Surroundings  Indicators of an Attack If Caught in a Public Place....

64 Emergency Response 2.Protect your Respiratory System  Damp towel over nose & mouth. If Caught in a Public Place....

65 Emergency Response 3.Evacuate to a Safe Place Upwind / Uphill Outside (if you’re in an enclosed space) Time-Distance-Shield Take shelter from falling debris If Caught in a Public Place....

66 Emergency Response 4.Decontaminate Immediately Remove clothing & jewelry Wash thoroughly with soap & water If Caught in a Public Place....

67 Emergency Response 5.Notify Detailed and complete information If Caught in a Public Place....

68 Emergency Response 6.Wait for Safety Forces to arrive Don’t leave the scene Treatment Distance yourself from other victims (if chemical attack) If Caught in a Public Place....

69 Conclusion ALWAYS BE PREPARED YOUR SAFETY COMES FIRST TRAINING AND EDUCATION IS THE KEY

70 Questions & Comments LUCAS COUNTY Community Emergency Response Teams


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