Presentation on theme: "SHI’A THEORY OF WAR. SHI’A DOCTRINES Followers of ‘Al ī Imamate ‘Ilm Walayah (Love for and Allegiance for the Imām Infallibility of the Imām Heredity."— Presentation transcript:
Shi‘a Vision of the World and Martyrdom Imām Hussayn was assassinated in the battle of Karbala in 680 C.E, and was greatly honored as “Sayyid al-Shuhadā,” “Lord among the Martyrs.” Of his popular narratives: “Death is an adornment of life.” “Death with dignity is preferable to a life lived with humiliation.” “Whoever joins us will be martyred, those who remain behind will miss the victory.” Status of Jihād: Illegitimate without the Imām
The Nizari Ismā ‘ īlī a branch of Ismā‘īliyya associated with the Imām Nizār, the oldest son of caliph al-Mustansir (d. 1904). Hasani Sabbah was the celebrated leader in the formation of Nizari identity in Persia and Syria, linked to the creation of a State in the mountain of Alamūt Suicide Mission
Murtaza Mutahhari (1920-1979): His Vision of Jihād Born on February 2, 1920, near Mashhad, into a clerical family. Studied in Qūm, i.e. philosophy, legal theory, jurisprudence, and commentary; known as a devout disciple of Khomeini. Professor of Islamic philosophy in Tehran; Jurist of legal law; Theoretician of Islamic State. He was assassinated on May 1, 1979 by a group known as the Furqān. His Book entitled: Jihād: the Holy War of Islam and Its Legitimacy in the Qur’ān, i.e. aggression, oppressive ruler, fighting for the sake of humanity
Khomeini (1900-1989) on Jihād Born in 1900 in the town of Khomein, studied and taught in Qūm on the Shi’a theological and philosophical thought. He was granted with the honors such as “Ayatollāh,” “an Ideologue of Iranian Revolution,” “Supreme Spiritual Leader.”
Grand Ayatollah Ali al-Sistani and Muqtada al Sadar Born 1930, al-Sistani is currently the preeminent Shi’a cleric in Iraq, as well as an important political figure. Born 1930, al-Sistani is currently the preeminent Shi’a cleric in Iraq, as well as an important political figure. While born in Iran, he moved to Iraq in 1951to study under the late Grand Ayatollah Abdul- Qassim Khoel, and quickly moved through the ranks of scholarship. While born in Iran, he moved to Iraq in 1951to study under the late Grand Ayatollah Abdul- Qassim Khoel, and quickly moved through the ranks of scholarship. Today, al-Sistani has issued fatwa related to the formation of the new government, encouraged all Iraqis to vote, and has criticized the American plans as not being sufficiently democratic. Today, al-Sistani has issued fatwa related to the formation of the new government, encouraged all Iraqis to vote, and has criticized the American plans as not being sufficiently democratic. Muqtada was born in Najaf, Iraq, in1973 into a prominent cleric lineage: his father was the most powerful Shiite cleric in Iraq in the 1990s and his uncle was a leading Shiite activist. He formed a militia/insurgent force, the Imam Mahdi Army, which has been blamed for violent uprisings against the troops stationed in Iraq and seeks to gain a foothold of power in the new Iraq.
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