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Broadwater School History Department 1 Blood on the Cathedral Floor Why was it so difficult to control the Church? 29 th December 1170. Five knights burst.

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Presentation on theme: "Broadwater School History Department 1 Blood on the Cathedral Floor Why was it so difficult to control the Church? 29 th December 1170. Five knights burst."— Presentation transcript:

1 Broadwater School History Department 1 Blood on the Cathedral Floor Why was it so difficult to control the Church? 29 th December Five knights burst into Canterbury Cathedral and murdered Thomas Becket, the Archbishop of Canterbury.

2 Broadwater School History Department 2 Blood on the Cathedral Floor Why was it so difficult to control the Church? You will investigate how this terrible event happened and who as to blame.

3 Broadwater School History Department 3 Blood on the Cathedral Floor Why was it so difficult to control the Church? The murder resulted from an argument between Thomas BecketKing Henry II

4 Broadwater School History Department 4 Blood on the Cathedral Floor Why was it so difficult to control the Church? You will investigate how such a shocking murder came to take place and then write about why it was so difficult for Kings to control the Church.

5 Broadwater School History Department 5 Blood on the Cathedral Floor Why was it so difficult to control the Church? Thomas BecketArchbishop of Canterbury, 1162 until his murder in Henry IIKing of England at the time that Becket was murdered. Archbishop A very important church leader. CathedralThe church that was also the headquarters of a Bishop. Archbishop of CanterburyThe top job in the English church. Archbishop of YorkThe second most important job in the English church. Canterbury CathedralThe headquarters of the English church. CanterburyCathedral town in Kent. Church CourtSpecial church court where the Clerics tried and punished. Cleric Someone who works in the Church, like a Priest or a Monk. KnightImportant soldier who serves a Baron or the King.

6 Broadwater School History Department 6 Blood on the Cathedral Floor Why was it so difficult to control the Church? Page 59 “Think” Questions. The parts of Edward Grim’s story that suggest that Becket was very religious man are where he says that Becket “It is wrong to ………………………………………..” and “I am here as …………………………………………”. The parts of Edward Grim’s story that suggest that Becket was a very stubborn are where he told the knights that he would not run from their swords / daggers and where he refused to forgive the people that he had expelled (thrown out of) the church / cathedral. There is also the part where he holds onto the pillar / pillow to stop the knights from dragging him out of the church. The parts of the story that suggest he was a very brave man are where he told the monks to open the door / gates and where he shows that he is not scared of the knights by telling them that he would not forgive the people he had excluded / expelled from the church..

7 Broadwater School History Department 7 Blood on the Cathedral Floor Why was it so difficult to control the Church? Canterbury Cathedral

8 Broadwater School History Department 8 Blood on the Cathedral Floor Why was it so difficult to control the Church? Canterbury Cathedral

9 Broadwater School History Department 9 Blood on the Cathedral Floor Why was it so difficult to control the Church? Step 1. Who was to blame for the argument that led to Becket’s murder? Things which show that the Archbishop had upset some Bishops. Ralph of Diceto says that the knights demanded that Becket should allow the Bishops he had expelled from the church to be given back their jobs / croziers. Things which show that the Archbishop had upset the King. Edward Grim said that the knights called Becket a “traitor to the king / queen”. Ralph of Diceto said that the knights “demanded in the name of King Henry II / Queen Eleanor”..

10 Broadwater School History Department 10 Blood on the Cathedral Floor Why was it so difficult to control the Church? Step 2. Months before the Murder. New facts that help to explain the murder. In July 1170 Henry and Becket “patched up their arrow / quarrel”. In December 1170 Becket broke his promise and excluded / expelled all the Bishops / Priests who had supported the King / Queen. Advice given to the King by the Priests / Bishops, that Becket should be dead! Henry flying into a rage and asking someone to “rid me of this ……”. The four knights going to Kent to show their loyalty to King Henry / William. Parts of the story I still don’t understand. What had Henry and Becket been qu….lling about? What was Becket’s “pr…se” to the King? Why was it wrong for the Bishops to support the King while Becket was away?

11 Broadwater School History Department 11 Blood on the Cathedral Floor Why was it so difficult to control the Church? Page 64 “Think” Questions. How Becket’s actions made the quarrel worse: Picture 4: He refused to end the power of the Church courts / cloisters. This made the situation worse because Henry and Becket had worked well together to increase the power of the King over the wicked barons / dragons. Picture 4: He expelled a baron from the Church / cloisters. This made Henry very angry because Henry believed that he was the only person who should have the power to do this. Becket was proving / disproving that he had the power to use the Church courts. Picture 5: In 1164 / 1461 Becket changed his mind about all serious Church court cases being tried again in the King’s courts. This infuriated Henry and Becket ran away to France / Spain, which made Henry even angrier / happier!

12 Broadwater School History Department 12 Blood on the Cathedral Floor Why was it so difficult to control the Church? Page 64 “Think” Questions. How the King’s actions made the quarrel worse : Picture 3: Henry asked Becket to be Archbishop of Canterbury / York. This made the situation worse because Henry hoped that Becket would use his new position to reduce / increase the power of the Church courts. Becket did not believe that the King had the power to make him Bishop / Archbishop and he wanted to protect Church privileges, like the courts, from the King / Pope. Picture 5: Henry passed a new law that said all serious Church court cases had to be tried again in the King’s courts.. This made Becket very angry because he believed that he was the only person who should have the power to do this. Henry was proving / disproving that he had the power to control the Church courts. Picture 6: Henry ordered the Archbishop of York / Canterbury to crown his son. This infuriated Becket, because it should have been done by the Archbishop of Canterbury / York. This is why Becket expelled some Bishops from the Church.

13 Broadwater School History Department 13 Blood on the Cathedral Floor Why was it so difficult to control the Church?

14 Broadwater School History Department 14 Blood on the Cathedral Floor Why was it so difficult to control the Church?

15 Broadwater School History Department 15 Blood on the Cathedral Floor Why was it so difficult to control the Church?

16 Broadwater School History Department 16 Blood on the Cathedral Floor Why was it so difficult to control the Church?

17 Broadwater School History Department 17 Blood on the Cathedral Floor Why was it so difficult to control the Church?

18 Broadwater School History Department 18 Blood on the Cathedral Floor Why was it so difficult to control the Church? 1.Who was Archbishop of Canterbury, 1162 until his murder in 1170? 2.2. Who was King of England at the time that Becket was murdered.? 3.What name is given to a very important church leader? 4.What is the church called that was the headquarters of a Bishop? 5. What was the top job in the English church? 6. What was the second most important job in the church? 7. Where are the headquarters of the English church? 8. What is the cathedral town in Kent? 9. Where were the Clerics tried and punished? 10. Another name for church worker, like a Priest or a Monk? 11. Another name for an important soldier who serves a Baron or the King?

19 Broadwater School History Department 19 Blood on the Cathedral Floor Why was it so difficult to control the Church? 1. Who was Archbishop of Canterbury, 1162 until his murder in 1170? Becket 2. Who was King of England at the time that Becket was murdered.? Henry II 3.What name is given to a very important church leader? Archbishop 4.What is the church called that was the headquarters of a Bishop? Cathedral 5. What was the top job in the English church? Archbishop of Canterbury 6. What was the second most important job in the church? Archbishop of York 7. Where are the headquarters of the English church? Canterbury Cathedral 8. What is the cathedral town in Kent? Canterbury 9. Where were the Clerics tried and punished? Church Court 10. Another name for church worker, like a Priest or a Monk? Cleric 11. Another name for an important soldier who serves a Baron or the King? Knight


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