2 PoetryOne of the three major genres (types) of literature; Difficult to define; Language being used in a special way; Art of playing with words and emotions
3 Author’s Purpose A reason for creating a particular work To entertain To inform or explainTo express an opinionTo persuade
4 1. Figurative LanguageWriting or speech which is not meant to be taken literally (word for word)Examples: metaphor, simile, hyperbole, personification
5 2. MetaphorA figure of speech which makes a comparison of two unlike things; saying something IS something elseExamples: Education IS a treasure, rich with opportunity
6 3. SimileA figure of speech which makes a comparison of two unlike things AND uses the words “like” or “as”Examples: My puppy is like a hairy hurricane, unpredictable and destructive.
7 The LighthouseThe light house, the guardian angel of the night She shines her light for all the lost sailors passing by Her beam bright as the sun, flashing through the night sky The lighthouse, a soldier during the storms Standing tall, unafraid of the chaos Her light piercing through the storm like sharp knives The light house the night owl of the day Sleeping and cozzed away until the night Her beam off as silent as a deer not wanting to be found By: Katherine Sessor
8 4. Hyperbole A figure of speech which uses exaggeration for effect Examples: I have told you a million times not to…; I have a ton of homework.
9 My DogHis bark breaks the sound barrier His nose is as cold as an ice box. A wag of his tail causes hurricanes His jumping causes falling rocks. He eats a mountain of dog food And drinks a water fall dry. But though he breaks the bank He’s the apple of my eye.
10 5. PersonificationA figure of speech which gives human qualities, feelings, actions or characteristics to non-human thingsExample: The leaves are dancing in the wind.
11 Dinnertime ChorusThe teapot sang as the water boiled The ice cubes cackled in their glass the teacups chattered to one another. While the chairs were passing gas The gravy gurgled merrily As the oil danced in a pan. Oh my dinnertime chorus What a lovely, lovely clan!
12 6. ImageryConsists of words/ phrases that appeal to a reader’s five senses; Sensory details help readers imagine how things look, feel, smell, sound and taste
13 7. AlliterationRepetition of initial consonant sounds: Used to create a rhythmic effectExamples: Peter Piper picked a peck of pickled peppers
14 8. AssonanceRepetition of vowel (a, e, i, o, u) sounds in the middle of wordsExamples: moan, groan or spoon, moon
15 An excerpt from “Bells” by Edgar Allan Poe: From the second stanza: Hear the mellow wedding bells, Golden bells! What a world of happiness their harmony foretells! Through the balmy air of night How they ring out their delight! From the molten-golden notes, And in tune, What a liquid ditty floats To the turtle-dove that listens, while she gloats
16 9. OnomatopoeiaWords that sound like their meaning; Use of words to imitate soundsExamples: crack, snap, roar, sizzle
17 Crack an Egg Crack an egg. Stir the butter. Break the yolk Crack an Egg Crack an egg. Stir the butter. Break the yolk. Make it flutter. Stoke the heat. Hear it sizzle. Shake the salt, just a drizzle. Flip it over, just like that. Press it down. Squeeze it flat. Pop the toast. Spread jam thin. Say the word. Breakfast's in .
18 10. RhymeRepetition of ending sounds (at the end of words); Used to create a musical effect
19 11. Rhyme SchemeA regular pattern of rhyming words in a poem; Lower case letters are used to indicate the rhyme scheme
20 12. MeterA poem’s rhythmical pattern, determined by the number and types of stresses, or beats in a lineShall.I..|..com.PARE..|..thee.TO..|..a.SUM..|..mer’s DAY?
21 13. StanzaA group of lines in a poem (such as a paragraph in an essay)
22 14. RepetitionThe use (more than once) of any element of language (sounds, words, a phrase, a line, etc.)
23 What Are Little Boys Made Of. What are little boys made of What Are Little Boys Made Of? What are little boys made of? What are little boys made of? Frogs and snails and puppy-dogs' tails, And that are little boys made of. What are little girls made of? What are little girls made of? Sugar and spice and all things nice, And that are little girls made of.
24 15. RefrainA regularly repeated line or group of lines in a poem
25 Assignment Using the song lyrics that you chose or “O Captain! My Captain!” on page. 780:One paragraph written responseRACER strategyPrompt: What poetic devices are used in your lyrics?
26 RACER StrategyR- Restate the questionA- Answer the questionC- Cite examples from the storyE- Explain those examples (in your own words)R-restate the question AGAIN