Presentation on theme: "Wave and Tidal Current Energy Technologies under development in the UK The UK-China Ocean Energy Technology Cooperation Project; expand to include Korea?"— Presentation transcript:
1Wave and Tidal Current Energy Technologies under development in the UK The UK-China Ocean Energy Technology Cooperation Project; expand to include Korea? Bernard McNelis
2IT Power Incorporated 1981 (Derrick, Fraenkel & McNelis co-founders) Renewable energy & climate change consultancyPolicy, strategy & planning work for sustainable development, carbon management & tradingProject management and technical implementation of energy solutionsExpertise in sustainable energy technologies: marine, hydro, solar, wind, biomass, hybrids, co-generation, energy efficiencyInvestment advise and due diligence services
3Early days projects Stirling engine Micro-hydro Wind-pumps Solar PV Micro-wind
4River Current Turbines (1979-82) As mentioned before, we built and tested the first tidal turbine on Loch Linnhe in Scotland back in appropriately it was featured on the “Tomorrow’s World” TV programme - although tomorrow has been a long time coming.We used a moored raft to carry a 3.5m diameter 15kW axial flow turbine installed beneath it. This little project was led by MCT’s former parent, IT Power working with Scottish Nuclear and NEL. Although generally forgotten, it was successful and was the world’s first demonstration of a tidal current turbine. The turbine itself is sitting on a plinth in our car park in the hope that one day, it may acquire historical significance.40”Purpose – pumping irrigation waterFinanced by the Netherlands Government as an aid project
5why tidal current power ? accurately predictable energy supplyonly a niche market – but a $500billion niche marketcompletely sustainable – minimal environmental impacta tidal site is like an oil well – except it will never run outSan Bernardino Current – Philippines
6Ocean EnergyA significant resource that has not yet been tapped commercially.Has the potential to supply major electricity demand, and adds diversity to the energy mix.The technology is just moving from prototypes to early commercial machines.Presents an unparalleled opportunities for entry for developers and companies to move into a new industry.
7ITPower - Tidal Energy Pioneer ITPower’s Peter Fraenkel published paper proposing Tidal Turbines in 1989British Government, and others, highly scepticalAfter 15 year uphill battle for support, World’s first working turbine (15 kW) installed in Scotland in 1994The Jiangxia Tidal Power Station near the mouth of the Yalu River in Wuyantou, Zhejiang Province, China has been operational since 1980.
8World’s first full-size, and only offshore tidal current turbine Seaflow installed30 May 2003rated power 2.5m/sOperationalrotor raised for accessWorld’s first full-size, and only offshore tidal current turbineLow cost accessfrom a RIBMarine Current Turbines (MCT) established by ITPower as new company
9Seaflow in typical exposed offshore conditions located 3km NE of Lynmouth
10the SeaGen tidal current turbine progress report Peter FraenkelTechnical DirectorMarine Current Turbines LtdThe Court, The Green,Stoke Gifford, Bristol BS34 8PD, UK.Thanks to organisers for this opportunityThis picture shows SeaGen, Worlds first Commercial Scale tidal turbineWill whizz through marine renewable energy technology in general and then spend the second half of my presentation focussing on our technology as a proven example of what is possible....and SeaGen in typical conditions10
19Pilot Plant to Commercial Device 2007200820092010201120122013TankTestingPS100DesignPS100DemonstrationPSCD PreliminaryDesignPulse-StreamPilot Plant
20UK-China Ocean Energy Technology Cooperation 3-year Project funded by British Foreign & Commonwealth Office (FCO): China Prosperity SPF Strategy, with co-funding from project partnersObjectives:generate resource and cost / economic data to enable policy makers to refine the goals of the 12th Five Year Plan, i.e. set indicative targets for ocean energy.accelerate the development of ocean energy technologiespromote UK-China cooperation in research, development and deployment.UK-TI China Workshop, Beijing 22 Feb 2012
21Project Outputs Phase 1 to 31 March 2012 1. Status Report on Ocean Energy Technologies and applications in China and UK.2. Preliminary China Resources Assessment for wave and tidal stream with first indicators of energy potential.3. Recommended Guidelines for tidal barrage environmental impact assessment.4. Ocean Energy Roadmap and Policy Recommendations.
22UK Ocean Energy Study Tour IT Power organised the Ocean Energy Study Tour, Task 1.2 of the UK-China Ocean Energy Technology Co-operation Project.The Tour was from 7th to 16th September delegates were from universities, ocean energy institutes and specialists in ocean energy.The Tour included attending the European Wave and Tidal Energy Conference(EWTEC), presentations on the Severn Tidal Barrage Proposal and IT Power Ocean Energy Technology Database, Visiting EMEC, Pelamis, NaREC, SeaGen etc.
23UK Ocean Energy Study Tour Visiting the Southampton University Ocean and Wave Energy Laboratory
24UK Ocean Energy Study Tour Visiting Pelamis Wave Power in Edinburgh. This is the most advanced design and operating wave energy converter
25UK Ocean Energy Study Tour Visiting the SeaGen 1.2 MW Project in Strangford Loch near Belfast in Northern Ireland. This is the most advanced tidal current energy technology
26Resource Assessment Workshop，Beijing December 2011
27Progress to dateProject launch meetings in Beijing (29 September) and London (13 October)Study Tour to UK (06-17 September)Draft Technology Status Report completed (November)Draft Tidal Barrage Report completed (December)Resource Assessment Workshop (09 December)
28Next StepsConsultations with Chinese Experts and finalisation of Technology Status ReportConsultations with Chinese Experts and finalisation of Barrage ReportResource Assessment estimates based on published dataScenarios for realisable energy potentialDraft RoadMapWorkshop to present and discuss RoadMap (April 2012)
29Installed CapacityUK total marine renewable energy installed capacity is 4.4MW1.31 MW - wave energy capacity3.05 MW - tidal stream capacityWorldwide installed capacity is 7.5 MW1.7MW – wave5.8MW - tidal stream
30UK Future 60MW of ocean energy projects planned for next 4 years. Prototypes and small arrays <5MW.11MW obtained planning permission.Larger arrays of up to 10MW being planned.
31Oceans of OpportunityA significant resource that has not yet been tapped commercially.Has the potential to supply major electricity demand, and adds diversity to the energy mix.The technology is just moving from prototypes to early commercial machines.Presents unparalleled opportunities for entry for developers and companies to move into a new industry likely to be worth >$100 bnIT Power is well positioned to assist and advise.
32Business Potential (1 of 2) Potential of $100bn to $300bn in electricity sales from wave and tidal technologiesIn Europe capital investment of approx $5bn in each of wave and tidal technologies by 2020 expected.Global wave and tidal equipment market is estimated as >$100bnSignificant markets worldwide
33Business Potential (2 of 2) 2010 saw renewed partnering and investment by major players in the market including Alstom, Rolls Royce, ABB, Voith, SiemensHowever number of developers looking for strategic partners is now limited (window of opportunity is closing)Industry growth is similar to wind industry and there are synergies with the developing offshore wind industry
34Wave + Tidal Prospects - Industry Growth From SETS roadmap workRange of 400MW and 1,500MW by 2020 for UKEUOEA estimates >3500MWIn only ten years!! Requires 2nd generation machines,Need to test evolving technology & components urgently
35Conclusions; What We Looking Forward to Funding for scale-up to arraysStrategic Investment, big players, with patience, and confidenceLike the wind industry 20 years ago, however, the entry is narrower, as it requires more marine and engineering experience, and more complex technologyUK-China technology co-operation, including pilot demonstration projects!