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IC Introduction (Character). EvolutionStroke Writing System.

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Presentation on theme: "IC Introduction (Character). EvolutionStroke Writing System."— Presentation transcript:

1 IC Introduction (Character)

2 EvolutionStroke Writing System

3  Chinese characters = English alphabets  There are 26 Alphabets in English  There are over 50,000 characters in Chinese  English alphabets contain no meaning (except for “I,” “a”)  Each Chinese character has meanings IC Introduction (Character)

4  3,000 of these are frequently used (99.15% frequency rate)  Only 500 – 600 are most frequently used in daily life! IC Introduction (Character)

5  There are two types of written Chinese characters in use today: Traditional characters (fán tǐ zì) and Simplified characters (jiǎn tǐ zì). Traditional characters, stemming from the Qin Dynasty ( B.C.) have a history of roughly 2,000 years. Simplified characters evolved later from the People's Republic of China (PRC) government's wish to reduce illiteracy; they simplified the strokes used in Traditional Chinese to achieve this goal. Thus, Simplified characters are derived from the Traditional characters. IC Introduction (Character)

6  Example: 車 - 车 (chē), automobile 鐘 - 钟 (zhōng), clock  Discuss: What are the benefits of learning fán tǐ zì and jiǎn tǐ zì? Are you learning fán tǐ zì or jiǎn tǐ zì right now? IC Introduction (Character)



9  video from 孔府学院  Youtube video: IC Introduction (Character)

10  Video from 孔府学院 IC Introduction (Character)

11 A very nice intro video from Dikk Kelly IC Introduction (Character)

12  Some Chinese characters (pictgraphs) evolved from pictures.  Many people describe writing Chinese characters as similar in feeling to drawing. IC Introduction (Character)  Question: When we write Chinese characters, are we actually painting?

13  Of course not!  When we paint a painting, it doesn’t matter whether the lines are straight or curvy, nor does it matter which strokes we paint first and which ones we paint later as the final painting resembles the objects that we seek to depict. IC Introduction (Character)  When writing Chinese characters, we must carefully follow the prescribed stroke order. 《汉字 的智慧》

14 Question: How should we write Chinese characters? IC Introduction (Character) Answer: As you learn to write Chinese characters, the first thing to know is how to make the strokes. Strokes are important because they show how the characters are composed and enable you to write the characters more easily. There are six basic strokes that are commonly used. It is very important to recognize the strokes and follow the writing rules. Learning the fundamental strokes of Chinese writing and the correct order also helps memorize characters and is an essential basis to learn written Chinese.

15 A stroke is a single unbroken line drawn from the time you set your pen to paper and move it till the time you lift it off the paper. IC Introduction (Character) Question: How many strokes ( 笔画 ) are there in the writing?

16 C Introduction (Character)

17 IC Introduction (Character) Can’t remove strokes from 刀 (knife) 刃 (blade) Can’t remove strokes from 目 (eye) 日 (sun) Can’t reposition strokes or change shapes 太 (too) 犬 (dog)

18 1. Horizontal first, then vertical 十、干 2. Top first, then bottom 二、古 3. Left-slanted first, then right-slanted 八、人 4. Left first, then right 川、仁 5. Center first, then both sides 小、木 6. When making a dot, write it first if it is positioned on the top or upper-left. When it appears on the upper right or in the middle, write it last. 文、斗;犬、叉 IC Introduction (Character)

19 7. With “closed” characters, make the outside strokes (left, top, right), then the strokes in the middle, then the bottom stroke that “clothes” the character. 回、 因 8. With semi-closed characters, there are three different stroke orders: o strokes in the middle before surrounding strokes 凶、言 ; o surrounding strokes before strokes in the middle 同、司 ; o top before middle before lower-left 匹、匠 IC Introduction (Character)

20 IC Introduction (Character)

21 IC Introduction (Character)

22 Writing Styles Cǎo

23 IC Introduction (Character)

24  Radicals are pictographs which represent objects in the real world.  Some of them can stand alone as independent, one-semantic-unit characters. Examples include 人, 口, 雨.  Radicals may also be combined with other components to form a new character for which the radial serves as a clue to its meaning. Example include 吹 and 妹 IC Introduction (Character)

25 SSome radicals cannot be used as independent characters but only serve as a part of another character. Their function is to provide a semantic clue to the character, such as 宀 in 家, 囗 in 国, and 辶 in 逛. According to most dictionaries, there are 214 commonly used radicals in Chinese.

26 人口山水日 月 rénk ǒ u sh ā nshu ǐ rì yuè ( ) ( ) ( ) 土木雨火女 门 tǔ mù yǚ huǒ nǚ mén ( ) ( ) ( )

27 IC Introduction (Character)

28 Sun moon  bright 日 r ì 月 yu è 明 m í ng People tree  rest 人 rén 木 mù 休 xiū IC Introduction (Character)

29 木 (mù) 木 (mù) 林 (lín) IC Introduction (Character) 人 (rén) 言 (yán) 信 (xìn)

30 人 (rén) 囗 (wéi) 囚 (qiú) IC Introduction (Character) 田 (tián) 心 (xīn) 思 (sī)

31 手 (shǒu) 目 (mù) 看 (kàn) IC Introduction (Character) 女 (nǚ) 子 (zǐ) 好 (hǎo)

32 IC Introduction (Character) Question : The majority of Chinese characters fall under which category?

33 女 (woman) 马 (mǎ) 妈 mother IC Introduction (Character) 木 (wood) 才 (cái) 材 building material

34 5. 转注 (zhuǎnzh ù ) Mutually explanatory characters e.g. 老 lǎo 考 kǎo ‘elder’ ‘to test’ 6. 假借 (jiǎjiè) Phonetic loan characters e.g. 来 lái 花 huā ‘to come’ ‘flower/to spend’ IC Introduction (Character)

35  Chinese characters are called "square" characters, meaning no matter how simple or complex, each character fits inside a square. These structures will not only help you memorize characters, but also reduce problems with missing dots or strokes when writing. Understanding these structures will make even complex characters easy to remember. characters should be written with a sense of symmetry and proportion. Understanding how to mentally plot out a character within a square will give you one of the fundamentals needed for effective written communication in Chinese. Wong, M., Fang, T., Chen, S.-h., & Chien, L.-t. (2011). 真棒. (A. M. Vargas, Ed.) St. Paul, MN: EMC Publishing, LLC and LiveABC Interactive Corporation.

36 One-semantic-unit characters (one part) IC Introduction (Character)

37 Two-semantic-unit characters (two parts) -Identify the radicals IC Introduction (Character)

38 Three-semantic-unit characters (three parts) Identify the Radicals IC Introduction (Character)

39 Review the Basic Strokes diǎn shù piě gōu tí nà piě hén g A stroke is a single unbroken line drawn from the time you set your pen to paper and move it till the time you lift it off the paper. IC Introduction (Character)

40 yī èr sān sì wǔ 一二三四五 IC Introduction (Character) Liù qī bā jiǔ shí 六七八九 十 Keep these question in mind: 1. What is a radical? 2. Why do we have to learn radicals before learning any complicated characters? 3. What is a stroke? 4. What are the basic strokes? 5. Why is it important to follow the stroke order? 6. What are the rules of stroke order?

41 IC Introduction (Character)



44  点  横  竖  撇  捺  提  横钩  竖钩  斜钩  横折  竖折 IC Introduction (Character) 1.Mark tone marks for the following pinyin. Match them with the basic strokes. dian pie shu gou na heng gou ti xiegou heng shugou heng zhe shu shuzhe 2. Pronounce the name of each stoke in the following two characters 永我永我

45  Character Stories Character Stories  Character Strokes Character Strokes  Confucius Institute Character Book Confucius Institute Character Book  CN/onlinelearning/node_37311.htm CN/onlinelearning/node_37311.htm IC Introduction (Character)

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