The Budget 19 th March 2014 Summary of some announcements, with a 12 week discussion period: Increase in ISA allowance to £15,000 (1 st July 2014), with ability to hold all in cash or stocks and shares = ‘New ISA’ Chancellor announced “the most radical change to taxation of pensions since 1921”. Ability to withdraw money from their pension funds on a more flexible basis. This will fundamentally change the way people manage their money in retirement. Other changes in pension death benefit, trivial commutation, drawdown limits. The 10% ‘starting rate’ on savings income abolished. Also announced “free, impartial, face to face advice” for retirees.
Using income streams together with the available tax allowances…. ISA Pension Bonds (Onshore Or Offshore)
Tax Bands 2015/16 Order of taxation 1. Earned income 2. Interest/Savings 3. Dividends 4. Life policy gains Onshore Bond gains are always treated as the top slice of income, after earned income, savings income and dividends. Offshore Bond gains are treated as savings income, and are therefore taxed after earned income, but before dividends.
Example, Brian (aged 60) - 2015/16 tax year He retires and wants £65,000 p.a. income, with reduced tax liability He has an investment portfolio including the “4 investment boxes” His assets include the following: ISAs £150,000 OEIC/Share portfolio £100,000 (Current dividend 3%pa net) SIPP£300,000 Offshore bond£300,000 (Originally £200,000 in 2004) AmountTax rateTax payable Personal allowance£10,5000%£ NIL Basic rate band£31,78520%£6,357 Higher rate band£22,71540%£9,086 Totals£65,00023.8%£15,443
Example, Brian (aged 60) - 2015/16 tax year Brian’s adviser suggests he takes ‘income’ as follows : SIPP (PCLS & income)£ 18,000 ISA withdrawals £ 7,000 OEICs encashed (gain of £5,000)£ 19,000 Dividends (net of 10% dividend tax)£ 3,000 Bond (segment encashment) £ 18,000 Total£65,000
Example, Brian (aged 60) - 2015/16 tax year Brian’s tax calculation in 2014/15 : Current value £300,000 (100 segments) £18,000 required = 6 segments encashed Segment value £3,000 Less original investment£2,000 Taxable amount per segment£1,000 £1,000 x 6 segments = Total of £6,000 taxable Bond encashment calculation:
Example, Brian (aged 60) - 2015/16 tax year Brian’s adviser suggests he takes ‘income’ as follows : Tax Liability SIPP (PCLS 25% & Income 75%)£ 18,000£13,500 ISA withdrawals £ 7,000 £0 OEICs encashed (gain of £5,000)£ 19,000£0 Dividends (net of 10% dividend tax)£ 3,000£0 Bond (segment encashment) £ 18,000£6,000 Total£65,000 £19,500
Brian’s tax liability 2015/16 Order of taxation 1. Earned income 2. Interest/Savings 3. Dividends 4. Life policy gains ISA Withdrawal= £0 Dividends (10% tax paid)= £333 Pension (£3,000 @20%)= £600 Bond (segment encashed)= £200 CGT (OEIC encashed)= £0 Total Tax on £65,000= £1,133 Effective tax rate of 1.74%
Planning Considerations for IHT ISAs: can’t be assigned and will be included in the estate for IHT purpose OEICs/Shares: No CGT on death, but value included in the estate for IHT purposes Can be assigned/gifted, but this is a disposal for CGT and a gift for IHT SIPP Lump sum death benefits: Uncrystallised funds – pre 75, no tax Crystallised funds - pre 75, taxed at 55% Post 75 – taxed at 55% on all funds, including unused PCLS Offshore Bond: can be assigned without creating a chargeable event, but treated as a transfer of value for IHT purposes The 4 Box Investment Approach can also take into account IHT liabilities The value of investments may fall as well as rise. Past performance is not a guide to future performance and may not be repeated. UNDER REVIEW
Preparing For Your Retirement Effective tax planning compliments good investment planning. Everyone should consider building up ISAs, Pensions and Bonds to provide the most flexibility for retirement and legacy planning. Following budget announcements, Offshore bonds are more attractive due to £5,000 savings allowance with no tax. Different income strategies for different periods of retirement: 60-65, 65-70, 70-75, 75 onwards? Alternate the taking of pension income? Assigning assets to spouse for income?
Summary - The ‘Four Box Approach’ To benefit from the added flexibility and tax efficiency, accumulate monies in a range of assets Are you ready for tax efficient retirement? Key investments ISA Pension FundsBonds Cash deposits Own company Property VCT EIS Other assets
The content of this presentation is intended for general news and information only. No action should be taken without checking your own personal circumstances. Newell Palmer Financial Planning are not responsible for any advice unless a personal recommendation is provided. The value of investments may fall as well as rise. Past performance is not a guide to future performance and may not be repeated. Furthermore, this presentation represents Newell Palmer Financial Planning’s understanding of the law and HM Revenue & Customs practices as of May 2014. The Financial Conduct Authority does not regulate tax advice. Newell Palmer Financial Planning Ltd, The Croft, Buntsford Gate Business Park, Stoke Heath, Bromsgrove B60 4JE Telephone: 01527 889 740 ; Email: firstname.lastname@example.org ; Visit email@example.com Newell Palmer Financial Planning Ltd is an appointed representative of the Newell Palmer Group Ltd, which is authorised and regulated by the Financial Conduct Authority. Company Registration No. 3298984