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By: Michala White 5 th Grade History Lesson Click to Begin.

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2 By: Michala White 5 th Grade History Lesson Click to Begin

3 Deaf HistoryDeaf CultureDeaf Education Causes Hearing Aids Cochlear Implants American Sign Language Interpreters Multiple Choice Question

4 Between 345-350 A.D., early Christians believe that deaf children are a sign of God's anger at the sins of their parents. Oral Education started for deaf students in 1755. Charles Michel De L'Eppe tried to develop a bridge between the deaf and hearing worlds through a system of standardized signs and finger spelling. Click to return to main menu Click for a fun fact!

5 In 1988, students and faculty at Gallaudet University protest the selection of another hearing president. Click to return to Deaf History

6 Flashing lights, rather than chimes, alert deaf people to visitors. Smoke detectors, phones and alarm clocks can all be converted to feature deaf-friendly flashing lights or very loud alarms, and even vibrating mechanisms that shake the bed or buzz in the occupant's pocket. Deaf or hearing-impaired people can use a TTY or TTD (telephone typewriter or telecommunications device). Closed captioning lets deaf television users decode a special signal in program broadcasts that displays dialogue text across the bottom of the screen. Click to return to main menu Click for a fun fact!

7 Many deaf drivers use special devices that let them know when fire or ambulance sirens are wailing or car horns are blaring. Click to return to Deaf Culture

8 Mainstream - a school where the Deaf student goes to public school with a translator, most of the other students aren't deaf. Residential - the Deaf student lives at the school in a Dorm and goes home on the weekends. Day School - Deaf student goes to school Monday-Friday and goes home afterward everyday, like a normal school; all students are deaf. Click for a fun fact! Click to return to main menu

9 American School for the Deaf, founded by William Stoke and Laurent Clerc, was the first deaf school open in the United States (1800). The school is located in Hartford, Connecticut. Click to return to Deaf Education

10 Heredity – Birth (may have been a problem with the pregnancy), sometimes “runs in the family Diseases of the Ear – Ear Infections Otosclerosis – portions of the middle or inner ear develop growths like bony sponges Meningitis – inflammation of the membrane that surrounds the brains and the spinal column Injuries of the Ear – Punctures of the Eardrum Hole in eardrum caused by an injury (Q-tip, hairpin, explosion, car wreck.. Etc.) or disease – Nerve Damage – Loud Noises Click for a fun fact! Click to return to main menu

11 There are 3 types of hearing loss: 1.) Conductive hearing loss occurs when sound vibrations don't go from the air around a person to the moving bones of the inner ear as well as they should. In other words, sounds are heard, but they are weak, muffled, and distorted. 2.) Neural hearing loss (Nerve deafness) occurs when the auditory nerve, which goes from the inner ear to the brain, fails to carry the sound information to the brain. Neural hearing loss can cause a loss of loudness or a loss of clarity in sounds. 3.) Mixed hearing loss is a combination of conductive and neural hearing losses. Click to Return to Causes of Deafness

12 There are different styles of hearing aids: – In-the-Canal (ITC) and Completely-in-the-Canal (CIC) Aids, In-the-Ear (ITE) Aids, Behind-the-Ear (BTE) Aids, Behind-the-Ear Aid: Open Fitting, Receiver-in-Canal Aids, Extended Wear Hearing Aids, and Middle Ear Implants Ways to take care of hearing aids: – Perform listening checks – Check batteries – Clean the hearing aids regularly with a soft, dry cloth – Minimize moisture in the hearing aids – Avoid feedback Features available hearing aids: – Directional microphone – Telephone (telecoil) switch – Direct audio input Click for a fun fact! Click to return to main menu

13 Myth: Hearing aids restore hearing to normal just as an eyeglass prescription can restore vision to 20/20. Fact: Hearing aids do not restore hearing to “normal.” Hearing aids do not “cure” your hearing loss, but they provide benefit and improvement in communication. They can improve your hearing and listening abilities, and they can substantially improve your quality of life. Click to return to Hearing Aids

14 A small, complex electronic device that can help to provide a sense of sound to a person who is profoundly deaf or severely hard-of- hearing. They bypass damaged portions of the ear and directly stimulate the auditory nerve. A cochlear implant takes surgery and therapy to learn the sense of hearing. Click for a fun fact! Click to return to main menu

15 About 42,600 adults and 28,400 children have received cochlear implants in the United States. Adults who have lost their hearing in their late years of life can benefit most from a cochlear implant. Click to return to Cochlear Implants

16 ASL stands for American Sign Language. Instead of using the punctuations of the English Language (.,?!), punctuation is expressed through facial expression. The four characteristics of sign language are: – Handshape (Ex: Open 5, Closed 5) – Location (Where the sign is) – Orientation (Positioning of the hand) – Movement (Motion of the sign) Click for a fun fact! Click to return to main menu

17 Even though there are many different types of sign language, American Sign Language (ASL) is the true language of the Deaf community. There is no written form of ASL and no words. Click to Return to ASL

18 There are two forms of interpreting. – Consecutive- The speaker stops every 1-5 minutes (usually at the end of every "paragraph" or a complete thought) and the interpreter then steps in to render what was said into the target language. – Simultaneous- The interpreter can't start interpreting until she/he understands the general meaning of the sentence. Qualifications of a good interpreter: – Knowledge of the general subject of the speeches that are to be interpreted. – General erudition and intimate familiarity with both cultures. – Extensive vocabulary in both languages. – Ability to express thoughts clearly and concisely in both languages. – Excellent note-taking technique for consecutive interpreting. – At least 2-3 years of booth experience for simultaneous interpreting. Click for a fun fact! Click to return to main menu

19 The difference between an interpreter and a translator is the interpreter translates orally, while a translator interprets written text. Click to return to Interpreters

20 Which are used to help the hearing of people who are deaf or hard of hearing? A.Interpreters and Cochlear ImplantsInterpreters and Cochlear Implants B.Hearing Aids and Cochlear ImplantsHearing Aids and Cochlear Implants C.Cochlear Implants and ASLCochlear Implants and ASL D.Interpreters and ASLInterpreters and ASL

21 Good guess, but try again! Click to return to Question

22 Correct! Good Job! Click to Continue

23 Try Again! Click to return to Question

24 Give it another try! Click to return to Question

25 Congratulations! You’ve completed the lesson! Click to return to Title Page

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