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Presentation on theme: " 1 Ms. Paola Albrito Head UNISDR Regional Office for Europe UNISDR – United Nations Office for Disaster Risk Reduction “Pa."— Presentation transcript:

1 1 Ms. Paola Albrito Head UNISDR Regional Office for Europe UNISDR – United Nations Office for Disaster Risk Reduction “Pa vej mod den robusta kommunen” 6 September, 2012, Hoje-Taastrup, Denmark

2 2 2010 the biggest increase in disaster occurrence (+18.2%) compared to the decade’s average; Europe accounted for 14.3% of the global reported losses in 2010 accounting for more than US $ 15 billions; The Global Assessment Report on Disaster Risk Reduction released in 2011 indicates that in OECD countries the risk of economic losses is now growing faster than their average GDP growth; Most of the damages are due to climatological and hydrometeorological events; Reduced number of Human but High Economic Losses Vulnerability in Europe

3 3 Greater exposure to natural and human-induced hazards, climate change and variability Socio-economic: poverty and unsustainable development styles, unplanned urban growth and migrations, lack of risk awareness and institutional capacities... Physical: insufficient land use planning, housing & critical infrastructure located in hazard prone areas... Environmental degradation: ecosystem and natural resource depletion (coastal, watershed, wetlands, forests…) VULNERABILITY HAZARDS + EXTREME EVENTS Disasters are NOT natural

4 4 World Conference on Disaster Reduction 2 nd WCDR, Kobe, Hyogo, Japan, 18-22 January 2005 Hyogo Framework for Action 2005-2015: Building the resilience of nations and communities to disasters (HFA) 3 Strategic goals 5 Priorities for action Implementation and follow-up Priority for Action: 1.Make Disaster Risk Reduction a Priority 2.Know the Risks and Take Action 3.Build Understanding and Awareness 4.Reduce Risk 5.Be Prepared and Ready to Act Words Into Action: A Guide for Implementing the Hyogo Framework

5 5 The Global Platform for Disaster Reduction was established in 2007 Gathers cross-sectoral stakeholders working with reducing disaster risk and building the resilience of communities and nations Takes place every two years The Fourth Session - 19-23 May 2013 in Geneva, Switzerland The Global Platform for Disaster Risk Reduction

6 6 Out of 46 Countries: 38 have designated HFA Focal Points Albania, Armenia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Bosnia & Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Georgia, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Italy, the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Malta, Moldova, Monaco, Montenegro, The Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russian Federation, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey, Ukraine, United Kingdom. 22 Countries have developed a National Platforms: Armenia, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Croatia, France, Finland, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Italy, the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Monaco, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Russian Federation, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, The Netherlands, Turkey, United Kingdom. HFA Focal Points and NPs in Europe Region

7 7  Formally established in London in 2009, it includes all the representatives from European National Platforms and HFA Focal Points.  Objective: Create a safer Europe by reducing the impact of natural hazards to reduce vulnerability, and increasing the ability to minimize consequences of disasters and: Contribute to the regional implementation of the HFA Provide a space for exchanging DRR info and knowledge Provide advocacy for effective actions to reduce disasters Promote and support creation of new National Platforms  EFDRR: Skopje, FYR of Macedonia – 10-12 October 2011 Working Group III - focus on local level engagement The European Forum for DRR (EFDRR)

8 8 2009 & 2011: European regional reports of the implementation of the HFA: Analysis of the HFA monitor reports of 22 European countries and 6 Regional Organizations (EC, EUR- OPA, RCC SEE, DPPI SEE, CEUDIP, A European Network for National Platforms). Useful guidance document in providing an overview of the ongoing disaster risk reduction activities in Europe Revealing of gaps in resource use and capacities, pointing out of untapped potentials Recommendations for European policy makers on how to make DRR investments more cost-effective. Monitoring the implementation of the HFA in Europe Available at: http://www.unis ublications/ p?id=19690

9 9 Three significant findings emerge from analysis of the country and regional reports. - Countries with NPs or about to finalize their NPs, report significant and ongoing reliance in addressing DRR cross cutting issues, more than doubles in most instances compared to those countries without NPs. Cleary, NPs are having an impact on mainstreaming DRR approaches. - While at a glance looks like countries have slightly reduced their advances in the set indicators, a deeper analysis of the qualitative information provided by the country and regional reports reveals an evolution from a mindset of crisis and response to one of proactive risk reduction and safety. Average Progress in Each Priority Area - The third significant finding concerns the effectiveness of regional organizations. The 2011 HFA Europe report finds that the European Commission and EU (together with other regional organizations) have been responsive to the needs identified in the 2009 report.

10 10 European Commission The EU/EC has developed 2 Communications: “A community approach on the prevention of natural and man-made disasters”; “EU strategy for supporting DRR in developing countries”. Based on these 2 communications the EC has embraced the DRR topic within the EU member states countries, neighbouring countries and developing countries.

11 11 Making Cities Resilient: My City is Getting Ready! 2010 – 2011 (2012-2015) World Disaster Reduction Campaign Launched in 2010 in Bonn Building on the previous World Disaster Reduction Campaign – Safer Schools and Hospitals Objectives: Achieve resilient, sustainable urban communities through actions taken by local governments to reduce disaster risk Know More Invest Wisely Build More Safely

12 12 Making Cities Resilient: My City is Getting Ready! Partners Building an alliance of local governments with relevant actors - community groups, academic institutions, business associations, NGOs and CBOs to ensure participation in planning and decision-making for risk reduction. City associations/networks: UCLG, EMI, CityNet, Metropolis, ICLEI National Associations of Local Governments National Platforms and HFA focal points International partner institutions (UN agencies such as UN-Habitat, UNDP, ILO, WHO, World Bank, UNICEF and IFRC) Civil society: Community-based organizations, NGOs, academic institutions, business associations… Some regions have a network, task force or platform focusing on urban disaster risk reduction (e.g. Asia Task Force on Urban Risk) Regional organizations Donors (ECHO, GFDRR)

13 13 Making Cities Resilient: My City is Getting Ready! 403 European cities have signed up. 1057 globally. Armenia: Yerevan, Gyumri Austria: 279 cities incl. Innsbruck, Lienz, etc. Croatia: Town of Bjelovar, Dubrovnik, Zagreb Denmark: Copenhagen France: Nice, Sommières Germany: Bonn Greece: Patrass Iceland: Arborg Ireland: Dublin Italy: 51 cities incl. Ancona, Venice, Rome, Florence Kosovo*: Pristine Portugal: Amadora, Cascais, Lisbon Serbia: 50 cities including Nis Spain: Bullas, Lugo, Madrid Sweden: Karlstadt, Kristianstad, Gothenburg, Jonkoping Switzerland: Davos Tajikistan: Dushanbe The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia: Strumica Turkey: Antalya, Istanbul, Yalova United Kingdon: Stoke-on-Trent Ukraine: Ivano-Frankivsk,Grabovets, Roslina, Yarblunka European Champion: Mayor of Venice, Mr Giorgio Orsoni

14 14 Participating cities will have access to campaign specific information and knowledge: Invitation to policy dialogues, learning workshops, and other campaign- related events at the global and regional level. Access to "Induction packages" for local governments on urban risk in collaboration with training centres and academia, promoting capacity development and learning opportunities for cities and local governments in each region. High-visibility media events and communication tools. Local Government Self-Assessment Tool (LGSAT) Mayors handbook Information on Awards, e.g. Sasakawa Award for Disaster Risk Reduction or Risk Award Benefits for cities joining the Campaign

15 15 Making Cities Resilient: My City is Getting Ready! Ten-Point check list – Essentials for Making Cities Resilient 1. Put in place organization & coordination to clarify everyone’s roles & responsibilities. 2. Assign a budget & provide incentives for homeowners, low-income families, private sector to invest in risk reduction. 3. Update data on hazards & vulnerabilities, prepare & share risk assessments. 4. Invest in & maintain critical infrastructure, such as storm drainage. 5. Assess the safety of all schools and health facilities & upgrade these as necessary (1 million safe schools). 6. Enforce risk-compliant building regulations & land use planning principles, identify safe land for low-income citizens. 7. Ensure education programmes & training on disaster risk reduction are in place in schools and local communities. 8. Protect ecosystems & natural buffers to mitigate hazards, adapt to climate change. 9. Install early warning systems & emergency management capacities. 10. After any disaster, ensure that the needs of the affected population are at the centre of reconstruction.

16 16 The International Day for Disaster Reduction is a day to celebrate how people and communities are reducing their risk to disasters and raising awareness about the importance of DRR. The theme for 2012 is "Women and Girls: the [in]Visible Force of Resilience". 13 October 2012 The International Day for Disaster Reduction (IDDR) 12

17 17 WHAT WE DO ⇒ CONNECT We coordinate: (How Organise: GP, RP, NP) international efforts disaster risk reduction and provide guidance for the implementation of the HFA and monitor its implementation. We advocate: (Encourage - Climate Change, Education, Gender, MDG) for greater investment in disaster risk reduction actions to protect people’s lives and assets. We campaign: (Promote – Making Cities Resilient, Safe Schools and Hospitals Sasakawa Award) We inform: (Provide – GAR, HFA Report, Terminology, PreventionWeb)

18 18 Thank you United Nations Office for Disaster Risk Reduction, UNISDR Regional Office for Europe UN House, 14 Rue Montoyer 1000, Brussels, Belgium T: +32 (0) 22 902 588 F: +32 (0) 22 904 950

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