Presentation on theme: "The Vikings in Buckinghamshire The Romans Akeman Street Fleet Marston settlement Weedon Hill."— Presentation transcript:
The Vikings in Buckinghamshire
The Romans Akeman Street Fleet Marston settlement Weedon Hill
Early Saxons Walton
Early Vikings In 1885 a Viking spearhead was found in the River Thame with Saxon weapons near Stone Bridge on the Bicester Road. In 1896 a Viking spearhead was found at the foot of Castle Hill in Buckingham. In 1926 two Saxon or Viking spearheads were found in Lavender’s Pit, Iver. A Viking spearhead was found in the River Thames near Marlow. In 1856, 1860 and 1958, Viking weapons were found around Sashes Island in the River Thames. Viking battleaxe found at Bolter’s Lock, Taplow.
Late Saxons Sashes Island in the River Thames was probably made into a burh in the 10 th century. Aylesbury was made into a burh; the ditch was possibly found at Bourbon Street. There were two burhs at Buckingham, built by Edward the Elder in AD 914.
Late Vikings A Viking or Saxon pin was found at Poynetts in the 1930s. A Viking ring was found in the ground of Weston Turville manor house in 1922. A Viking stirrup mount was found in Fingest. A Viking armlet was found at Wendover.
The 11 th century AD Cnut: 1016-35 Harold I: 1035-1040 Harthacnut: 1040-1042 Edward the Confessor: 1042-1066 Harold II: 1066 William: 1066-1087
Place names Viking Akr: Acre Beck: Stream Booth: Summer pasture By: Farm; Village Ey: IslandEy Falh: Fallow Fell; How: Hill or mound Fiord: Fiord Fiskr: Fish Gardr: Yard; landing place Garth: Enclosure Gate: Road Geit: Goat Gill: Ravine or valley Halh: Hall Ho: Hill/spur Holm(r): Island Hus: House Ings: Marsh; meadow Kald: Cold Kelda: Spring, stream Saxon Bourne: Stream Burn: Stream Burg: Fortified settlement Croft: Small enclosure Cot: Small hut Delph: Ditch, dyke or stream Den(n): Pig pasture Don: Hill Eg; Ey; Ea; Eig: Island Fall: Area cleared of trees Fen: Fen Field: Field Ham: Village Hurst: Clearing Ing: PeopleIng Lake: Lake Ley; Lea: Clearing Low: Burial moundLow Mere: Pool Moor: Moor Moss: Swamp Riding; Rod: Cleared land Stead: place Stoc: Summer pasture Stoke: 'Daughter' settlement Stow: Holy PlaceStow Ton; Tun: House; Farm Weald; Wold; High Woodland Wic; Wike: Farm; Group of huts Wood: Wood Worth: Fenced land Worthy: Enclosed land Kirk: Church Laithe: Barn Lin: Flax Lund: Grove Melr: Sandbank Orme: Serpent Pollr: Pool Skar: Cleft Sker: RockSker Slack: Stream in a valley Stakkr: Rock in the sea Stan: Stone Stokkr: Sound Tarn: Lake Thing: Meeting placeThing Thorp: Daughter settlement Thwaite: Forest clearing; meadow Toft: Homestead Wath: Ford Wray: Remote place