2The Romans Akeman Street Fleet Marston settlement Weedon Hill All images are copyright Buckinghamshire County Council. Clockwise from top right: oblique aerial photograph of construction of the Aston Clinton bypass; oblique aerial photograph of excavations happening at Billingsfield in Quarrendon parish where Roman settlement was found; excavations at Weedon Hill, the other side of Quarrendon parish, where a Roman settlement and shrine were found.
3Early SaxonsWaltonAll images are copyright Buckinghamshire County Council. Reconstruction of Saxon settlement at Walton.
4Early VikingsIn 1885 a Viking spearhead was found in the River Thame with Saxon weapons near Stone Bridge on the Bicester Road.In 1896 a Viking spearhead was found at the foot of Castle Hill in Buckingham.In 1926 two Saxon or Viking spearheads were found in Lavender’s Pit, Iver.A Viking spearhead was found in the River Thames near Marlow.In 1856, 1860 and 1958, Viking weapons were found around Sashes Island in the River Thames.Viking battleaxe found at Bolter’s Lock, Taplow.Spearheads in Lavender’s pit = possibly from burials. Contact for images.
5Late SaxonsSashes Island in the River Thames was probably made into a burh in the 10th century.Aylesbury was made into a burh; the ditch was possibly found at Bourbon Street.There were two burhs at Buckingham, built by Edward the Elder in AD 914.Contact for images.
7Late Vikings A Viking or Saxon pin was found at Poynetts in the 1930s. A Viking ring was found in the ground of Weston Turville manor house in 1922.A Viking stirrup mount was found in Fingest.A Viking armlet was found at Wendover.All images are copyright Buckinghamshire County Council. Clockwise from top: Viking Pin from Poynetts = biggest one; armlet from Wendover = tribute?; Ringerike stirrup mount from Fingest.
9The 11th century AD Cnut: 1016-35 Harold I: 1035-1040 Harthacnut:Edward the Confessor:Harold II: 1066William:All images are copyright Buckinghamshire County Council. Mint of Cnut in Aylesbury. One of Edward the Confessor’s coins found in excavations at Bierton. Bottom one.
10Place names Saxon Bourne: Stream Burn: Stream Burg: Fortified settlementCroft: Small enclosureCot: Small hutDelph: Ditch, dyke or streamDen(n): Pig pastureDon: HillEg; Ey; Ea; Eig: IslandFall: Area cleared of treesFen: FenField: FieldHam: VillageHurst: ClearingIng: PeopleLake: LakeLey; Lea: ClearingLow: Burial moundMere: PoolMoor: MoorMoss: SwampRiding; Rod: Cleared landStead: placeStoc: Summer pastureStoke: 'Daughter' settlementStow: Holy PlaceTon; Tun: House; FarmWeald; Wold; High WoodlandWic; Wike: Farm; Group of hutsWood: WoodWorth: Fenced landWorthy: Enclosed landVikingAkr: AcreBeck: StreamBooth: Summer pastureBy: Farm; VillageEy: IslandFalh: FallowFell; How: Hill or moundFiord: FiordFiskr: FishGardr: Yard; landing placeGarth: EnclosureGate: RoadGeit: GoatGill: Ravine or valleyHalh: HallHo: Hill/spurHolm(r): IslandHus: HouseIngs: Marsh; meadowKald: ColdKelda: Spring, streamKirk: ChurchLaithe: BarnLin: FlaxLund: GroveMelr: SandbankOrme: SerpentPollr: PoolSkar: CleftSker: RockSlack: Stream in a valleyStakkr: Rock in the seaStan: StoneStokkr: SoundTarn: LakeThing: Meeting placeThorp: Daughter settlementThwaite: Forest clearing; meadowToft: HomesteadWath: FordWray: Remote place
11QuarrendonAll images are copyright Buckinghamshire County Council. Obliqe aerial photograph of deserted medieval village at Quarrendon – there was possibly a Saxon origin.
12WingAll images are copyright Buckinghamshire County Council. Modern photo of All Saint’s church, Wing and reconstruction of how it may have looked in the 10th century.
13StoweAll images are copyright Buckinghamshire County Council. 18th century temple in Stowe Landscape Gardens – not related to the Saxon name for it at all!
14TaplowAll images are copyright Buckinghamshire County Council. 1st picture = modern photo of Taplow Saxon burial mound; 2nd picture – reconstruction of Taplow Saxon burial mound in the Saxon period; 3rd picture – reconstruction of what the burial chamber may have looked like.
15FingestAll images are copyright Buckinghamshire County Council. The Ringerike stirrup mount again.