2 ROOT WORDS What are root words? Words originating from Latin (ancient Rome) and Greek.Why is it important to learn root words?Almost every word in English has root words, so this makes it easier to understand a new word and remember how to spell them.
3 Roots are word parts. photo graph tele meter tropic Build more words with root words.
4 GREEK DERIVATIVESEnglish has built largely on the old Greek roots and still continues to utilize them as foundations upon which to construct new terms.In the following table are some words which were derived from the old-time Greek roots
8 Greek and Latin Words from Harry Potter by J. K. Rowling arma – weapons, armourdens – a toothdormio – I sleeplumen – lightludo – I playnox – night, darknessnunquam (or numquam) – neverpatronus – a protector or sponsor
9 Sirius Black Draco Malfoy Sirius is the Latin name for the bright dog star and the title of the Cornhusker tunnel walk song.Draco is the Latin word for dragon.
10 Greek letters are still used in math and science today.
11 th, ph, ch, and ps stand for Greek letters not in our alphabet.
43 What is a derivation? (pronounced: “dir-ah-va-tion”) Derivation means drawing off water from a main streamFrom Latinde: down from, away from + rivus: brook, streamEnglish words may be derived or drawn off of mainstream Greek or Latin roots. Roots may not be spelled the same way all the time.
44 To Say Or TellDictionaryRidiculousAddictionDictatorPrediction
105 phobos Definition: unusual fear Examples: claustrophobia: fear of closed places acrophobia: fear of heights arachnophobia: fear of spiders myctophobia: fear of darkness suriphobia- fear of mice testophobia- fear of taking tests
125 syn together present - gift Examples: synonyms: words that go together symphony: sounds that go togethersynchronize: do things at the same timesynagogue: to bring people together for Jewish worship