Presentation on theme: "Latin & Greek Root Words Dr. T. Robyn Wilson. ROOT WORDS What are root words? Words originating from Latin (ancient Rome) and Greek. Why is it important."— Presentation transcript:
Latin & Greek Root Words Dr. T. Robyn Wilson
ROOT WORDS What are root words? Words originating from Latin (ancient Rome) and Greek. Why is it important to learn root words? Almost every word in English has root words, so this makes it easier to understand a new word and remember how to spell them.
1.photo 2.graph 3.tele 4.meter 5.tropic Roots are word parts. Build more words with root words.
GREEK DERIVATIVES English has built largely on the old Greek roots and still continues to utilize them as foundations upon which to construct new terms. In the following table are some words which were derived from the old-time Greek roots
Greek and Latin Words from Harry Potter by J. K. Rowling arma – weapons, armour dens – a tooth dormio – I sleep lumen – light ludo – I play nox – night, darkness nunquam (or numquam) – never patronus – a protector or sponsor
Sirius Black Draco Malfoy Sirius is the Latin name for the bright dog star and the title of the Cornhusker tunnel walk song. Draco is the Latin word for dragon.
Greek letters are still used in math and science today.
th, ph, ch, and ps stand for Greek letters not in our alphabet.
What is a derivation? (pronounced: “dir-ah-va-tion”) Derivation means drawing off water from a main stream From Latin de: down from, away from + rivus: brook, stream English words may be derived or drawn off of mainstream Greek or Latin roots. Roots may not be spelled the same way all the time.
To Say Or Tell Dictionary Ridiculous Addiction Dictator Prediction
phobos Definition: unusual fear Examples: claustrophobia: fear of closed places acrophobia: fear of heights arachnophobia: fear of spiders myctophobia: fear of darkness suriphobia- fear of mice testophobia- fear of taking tests
Root wordserv- OriginLatin Meaning Save, protect, serve ExampleConservation
To Stand Assistant Status Constant
sol alone solo, solitude, solitaire
stella star stellar, constellation, interstellar
syn together Examples: synonyms: words that go together symphony: sounds that go together synchronize: do things at the same time synagogue: to bring people together for Jewish worship present - gift
syn together symmetry, symphony
To Break or Burst Disrupt Eruption Interrupt
To Write Scripture Subscription
To see, watch, or observe Aspect Inspect Perspective Suspect
To see, watch, or observe Suspicious Suspicion
To Build Construct Destruction Instruct Structure
tele Definition: far away, distant Examples: telephone, telescope