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Latin & Greek Root Words

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Presentation on theme: "Latin & Greek Root Words"— Presentation transcript:

1 Latin & Greek Root Words
Dr. T. Robyn Wilson

2 ROOT WORDS What are root words?
Words originating from Latin (ancient Rome) and Greek. Why is it important to learn root words? Almost every word in English has root words, so this makes it easier to understand a new word and remember how to spell them.

3 Roots are word parts. photo graph tele meter tropic
Build more words with root words.

4 GREEK DERIVATIVES English has built largely on the old Greek roots and still continues to utilize them as foundations upon which to construct new terms. In the following table are some words which were derived from the old-time Greek roots

5 Greek Roots:



8 Greek and Latin Words from Harry Potter by J. K. Rowling
arma – weapons, armour dens – a tooth dormio – I sleep lumen – light ludo – I play nox – night, darkness nunquam (or numquam) – never patronus – a protector or sponsor

9 Sirius Black Draco Malfoy
Sirius is the Latin name for the bright dog star and the title of the Cornhusker tunnel walk song. Draco is the Latin word for dragon.

10 Greek letters are still used in math and science today.

11 th, ph, ch, and ps stand for Greek letters not in our alphabet.

12 adhesive, adapt, addition
to adhesive, adapt, addition

13 Root word aer-, aero- Origin Greek Meaning Air, atmosphere Example Aeronautics

14 removal, referral, disposal
action removal, referral, disposal

15 Root word agri- Origin Greek and Latin Meaning Field Example Agriculture

16 Root word anima- Origin Latin Meaning Breathe Example Animal

17 Root word ann- Origin Latin Meaning Year, yearly Example Annual

18 antecedent, antebellum
before antecedent, antebellum

19 Root word aqu- Origin Latin Meaning Water Example Aquarium

20 Root word astro- Origin Greek Meaning Star Example Astronomy

21 astronomy, astrology, asteroid
star astronomy, astrology, asteroid

22 Root word aud Origin Latin Meaning Hearing, listening, sound Example Auditorium

23 audi hear auditory, audience

24 To hear or listen Audio Audition auditorium

25 Root word auto Origin Greek Meaning Self Example Automobile

26 Root word avi- Origin Latin Meaning Bird Example Aviation

27 bene good benefit, beneficial

28 Root word bi- Origin Latin Meaning Two Example Bicycle

29 Root word bi(o)- Origin Greek Meaning Life Example Biology

30 Root word cap- Origin Latin Meaning Hold, take Example Capture

31 To take, catch, hold, receive.
Recap Receipt receive

32 cede go precede, recede

33 Root word cent- Origin Latin Meaning Hundred Example Century

34 chronological, synchronize
time chronological, synchronize

35 Root word clar- Origin Latin Meaning Clear Example Clarity

36 Root word con- Origin Latin Meaning with Example connect

37 To Believe Credit Incredible Accredit

38 To Run Or Go Current Curricular Cursive Cursor

39 Root word cycl Origin Greek Meaning Round Example Bicycle

40 Root word de- Origin Latin Meaning From, away from Example Delete

41 deposit, demolish, deplete
down deposit, demolish, deplete

42 Root word dem- Origin Greek Meaning People Example Democracy

43 What is a derivation? (pronounced: “dir-ah-va-tion”)
Derivation means drawing off water from a main stream From Latin de: down from, away from + rivus: brook, stream English words may be derived or drawn off of mainstream Greek or Latin roots. Roots may not be spelled the same way all the time.

44 To Say Or Tell Dictionary Ridiculous Addiction Dictator Prediction

45 Root word dict- Origin Latin Meaning Say, speak Example Dictation

46 dictionary, predict, contradict
say, speak dictionary, predict, contradict

47 Root word digit- Origin Latin Meaning Finger Example Digital

48 Root word dorm- Origin Latin Meaning Sleep Example Dormitory

49 To Lead Conduct Educate Produce Introduction

50 Root word eco- Origin Greek Meaning House Example Ecology

51 et cetera etc. etc. is a Latin term that means and so forth
What does this term mean? etc. etc. is a Latin term that means and so forth

52 To Make Or Do Factory Fact Facility

53 factory, benefactor, manufacture
fec make-do factory, benefactor, manufacture

54 fer carry transfer, infer, ferry

55 To Bear or Yield Conference Confer Difference

56 flect band reflect, deflect

57 To Bend Or Curve Flexible Flexibility Reflex

58 flex band flexible, circumflex

59 To Bend Or Curve Reflect Reflection Reflector

60 Root word form- Origin Latin Meaning Shape Example Formation

61 To Shape Formula Inform Perform Uniform Transform

62 Root word frig- Origin Latin Meaning Cold Example Frigid

63 Root word ge(o)- Origin Greek Meaning Earth Example Geology

64 graph Definition: to write or draw Example: autograph

65 heliocentric, perihelion
sun heliocentric, perihelion

66 heterogeneous, heterodox
different heterogeneous, heterodox

67 Root word hex- Origin Greek Meaning Six Example Hexagon

68 homo same bawl or ball homonym, homophone

69 Root word hydr(o)- Origin Greek Meaning Water Example Hydroponic

70 dehydrate, hydrate, hydrosphere
water dehydrate, hydrate, hydrosphere

71 impossible, immature, immeasurable
not impossible, immature, immeasurable

72 international, interlude, interstellar
between international, interlude, interstellar

73 capitalism, cubism, Marxism
doctrine capitalism, cubism, Marxism

74 crystallize, synchronize
to make crystallize, synchronize

75 ject throw eject, projectile

76 To throw Or lie Project Reject Eject

77 Root word juven- Origin Latin Meaning Young Example Juvenile

78 kinesis Definition: movement Examples: kinetic: movement of bodies
cinema: motion pictures (movies) telekinesis: moving things without physical contact

79 Root word kil(o)- Origin Greek Meaning Thousand Example Kilogram

80 Law Legislative Legislation Legislate

81 Root word leg- Origin Latin Meaning Law Example Legal

82 Root word liber- Origin Latin Meaning Free Example Liberation

83 dismal, malady, malignant
bad dismal, malady, malignant

84 Root word manu- Origin Latin Meaning Hand Example Manual

85 Manu=hand MAN & MANU mean BY HAND
Manual : relating to the hand; manual labor Manicure : The care of the hands and nails Chains for the hands: manacles 85

86 metron Definition: measure Examples: thermometer, meter stick,

87 To send Dismiss Admission Dissmissal

88 neo new neonatal, neophyte

89 Root word nov- Origin Latin Meaning Nine Example November

90 Root word numer- Origin Latin Meaning Number Example Numeral

91 Root word oct- Origin Latin and Greek Meaning Eight Example Octangular

92 ambidextrous, glorious
full of or like ambidextrous, glorious

93 Paleolithic, paleomagnetism
old Paleolithic, paleomagnetism

94 pendulum, pendant, impending
hang pendulum, pendant, impending

95 Foot Peddle Pedometer Pedicure

96 To Drive Or Push Expel Propeller Repellent

97 Root word pent- Origin Greek Meaning Five Example Pentagon

98 To Hang Or Weigh Dispense Expense Expensive Suspense

99 Definition: love, friendship
Philia (“feel-ya”) Definition: love, friendship Examples: Philadelphia, philosopher, Philip, philharmonic, philanthropist

100 philia Philadelphia -- city of brotherly love
Rocky actor Sylvester Stallone at the Philadelphia Museum of Art

101 Root word phob(ia)- Origin Greek Meaning Fear Example Hydrophobia

102 Root word phos-, phot- Origin Greek Meaning Light Example Photograph

103 photos Definition: light Examples: photograph, photosynthesis

104 Root word phys- Origin Greek Meaning Nature Example Physics

105 phobos Definition: unusual fear
Examples: claustrophobia: fear of closed places acrophobia: fear of heights arachnophobia: fear of spiders myctophobia: fear of darkness suriphobia- fear of mice testophobia- fear of taking tests

106 To Fold Accomplice Complication Duplicate

107 transport, import, porter
carry transport, import, porter

108 To Carry Airport Export Portable Transport

109 To Put, Place, or Set. Compose Pose Opposite

110 Root word pre- Origin Latin Meaning Before Example Previous

First, as in quality The foremost; the best

112 Root word pseud(o)- Origin Greek Meaning False Example Pseudonym

113 Root word pyr(o)- Origin Greek Meaning Heat, fire Example Pyrolysis

114 Root word quadr- Origin Latin Meaning Four Example Quadrangle

115 Root word quint- Origin Latin Meaning Fifth Example Quintary

116 Root word re- Origin Latin Meaning Again, back Example Recede

117 rupt break rupture, erupt

118 To Write Describe Indescribable Prescribe Scribble

119 semicircle, semiannual
half semicircle, semiannual

120 Root word sept- Origin Latin Meaning Seven Example September

121 Root word serv- Origin Latin Meaning Example Conservation
Save, protect, serve Example Conservation

122 To Stand Assistant Status Constant

123 solo, solitude, solitaire
alone solo, solitude, solitaire

124 stellar, constellation, interstellar
star stellar, constellation, interstellar

125 syn together present - gift Examples: synonyms: words that go together
symphony: sounds that go together synchronize: do things at the same time synagogue: to bring people together for Jewish worship

126 syn together symmetry, symphony

127 To Break or Burst Disrupt Eruption Interrupt

128 To Write Scripture Subscription

129 To see, watch, or observe Aspect Inspect Perspective Suspect

130 To see, watch, or observe Suspicious Suspicion

131 To Build Construct Destruction Instruct Structure

132 tele Definition: far away, distant Examples: telephone, telescope

133 To hold Contain Container Contents

134 temporary, contemporary
time temporary, contemporary

135 temporarily, contemporary
time temporarily, contemporary

136 To Stretch Or Strain Extend Tendency Pretend

137 Root word terr- Origin Latin Meaning Dry land, earth Example Terrain

138 thesis Definition: put, place, position

139 completion, devastation, production
act or state completion, devastation, production

140 Root word tri- Origin Latin and Greek Meaning Three Example Triangle

141 tri three tricycle, triangle

142 tropos Definition: turning toward something such as the sun
Examples: Tropic of Cancer, Tropic of Capricorn, Tropics

143 To Turn Advertise Invert Convert Vertical

144 To see Visual Visor visit

145 To live Survival Revive Vitamin

146 voc voice vocal, advocate

147 Using root words guess what the meaning of these words.

148 Aerodynamics Hydrodynamics
“Dynamics” is used in physics to describe the process of how things work. Aerodynamics Air Hydrodynamics Water

149 What does biofuel mean? Fuel made from living organisms such as corn, sugar and plants.

150 What does animation mean?


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