Presentation on theme: "simplistic (adjective)"— Presentation transcript:
1 simplistic (adjective) Variants: simplistically (adverb)Definition: oversimplified; avoiding or ignoring complexitiesSynonym: unsophisticated, naiveAntonym: sophisticated, complicatedHis simplistic plan for economic improvement failed to account for foreign investment and the GNP.
2 incredulous (adjective) Variants: incredulously (adverb); incredulousness (noun)Definition: unwilling or unable to believe; showing disbeliefSynonym: skepticalAntonym: credulous, gullibleThe politician’s lavish promises provoked incredulous responses rather than the admiration he sought.
3 ascetic (adjective) Variants: ascetically (adverb) Definition: Reflecting self-denial (as in religious discipline); choosing minimal comfortsSynonyms: austere, SpartanAntonym: self-indulgent, hedonisticHer modest room reflected the ascetic values she advocated.
4 vicarious (adjective) vicariously (adverb), vicariousness (noun)Definition: Experienced through someone else rather than first hand; endured as substitute for someone else; delegatedsynonym: second-hand [experience]antonym: actual [experience]Because she loved her son, she found vicarious pleasure in his tremendous successes.
5 allocation (noun)Variants: allocate (verb), allocatable (adjective); allocator (noun)Definition: the act of setting aside for a special purpose; designationSynonym: allotment, apportionmentAntonym: abandonmentSentence: The mayor insisted the park district include an allocation of land in order to build a playground.The mayor insisted the parked district allocate land for a playground.
6 admonish (transitive verb) Variants: admonishment (noun)Definition: To caution, criticize, or counsel gently againstSynonym: chastise, reproach, rebukeAntonym: approve, commend, praiseThe anti-tobacco lobbyist admonished the President for his inability to quit smoking.
7 presumptuous (adjective) presumptuously (adv.), presumptuousness (noun)overconfident, excessively forward, taking too much for grantedSyn: arrogantAnt: humble, modestDarcy’s presumptuous manner understandably offends Elizabeth Bennet.
8 subversive (adjective,noun) variants: subvert (verb), subversively (adverb)Definition: tending or seeking to subvert, overthrow or destroy (an established government, institution, belief, etc)Synonym: rebellious, disloyalAntonym: loyal, faithfulSentence: The Canadian government—indeed, the majority of Canadian citizens—believed the Nisei to be subversive operatives.
9 vacuous (adjective) Variants: vacuously (adverb) Definition: without contents, emptySynonym: bare, blank, devoidAntonym: full, abundantSentence: When the class looked at her with vacuous stares, the teacher knew the lesson had failed.
10 avocation (noun) Variants: avocational (adjective) Definition: something a person does in addition to a principal occupation, especially for pleasureSynonym: pastime, hobbyAntonym: job, occupationSentence: Oddly enough, the math teacher’s avocation was the study of Old Norse epics.
11 impetus (noun) Variants: Definition: a moving force; impulse, stimulus Synonym: encouragement, incentive, motivationAntonym: hindrance, blockSentence: Dr. Martin Luther King’s speeches were the impetus behind the civil rights movement.
12 reticent (adjective) Variants: reticently (adverb), reticence (noun) Definition: inclined to keep one’s thoughts and feelings to oneself, secretive, quietSynonym: reluctant, restrained, reservedAntonym: communicative, forward, unrestrainedSentence: The reticent student hid in the back row, unwilling to participate in the class discussion.
13 physiognomy (noun)Variants: physiognomic (adj), physiognomically (adv)Definition: The features of somebody’s face especially used as indicators of character or temperament.Synonym: aspect, look, visageAntonym: noneSentence: In Great Expectations, Pip is frightened by the convict, for his physiognomy is menacing.
14 insipid (adjective) Variants: insipidness (noun), insipidly (adverb) Definition: without distinctive, interesting, or stimulating qualitiesSynonym: bland, dullAntonym: exhilaratingSentence: Cauliflower’s insipid taste requires cheese or spices to make it palatable.
15 tedium (noun) Variants: tedious (adjective), tediously (adverb) Definition: quality or condition of being wearisome or boringSynonym: dullness, monotonyAntonym: entertainment, excitement, diversionSentence: In order to take the tedium out of exercise, aerobic instructors rely on loud, exciting music.
16 cajole (verb) Variants: cajolery(noun), cajolingly(adverb) Definition: to persuade by flattery or promisesSynonym: wheedle, coax, flatterAntonym: bully, force, repelSentence: The boy cajoled her into giving him some of her cookies.
17 blasé (adjective) Variants: none Definition: not impressed or worried by something, usually because of previous experienceSynonym: unconcerned, nonchalantAntonym: uptight, worriedSentence: Paris Hilton’s blasé attitude towards spending money is typical of the very wealthy: they do not have to worry about paying bills.
18 indolent (adjective) Variants: indolence (n), indolently (adv) Definition: Lethargic and not showing any interest. Also describes a disease that is slow to develop and causes no pain.Synonym: sluggish, apathetic, lazyAntonym: industrious, productiveSentence: It is difficult to move from summer’s indolence to the necessary productivity of the school year.
19 choleric (adjective) Variants: choler (noun)*, cholerically (adverb) *NOT cholera—that’s a disease!Definition: showing or tending to show anger or irritationSynonym: bad-tempered, irascibleAntonym: phlegmatic, impassiveSentence: Ivan Ilyich’s choleric manner intimidates his family.
20 phlegmatic (adjective) Variants: phlegmatically (adverb)Definition: unemotional, difficult to excite to action or display of emotionsynonym: indifferent, undemonstrativeantonym: energetic, livelySentence: Obasan’s phlegmatic approach to life irritates the crusading Emily.
21 impasse (noun ) Variants: none Definition: predicament from which there is no escape; impassible road or waySynonym: stalemate, deadlockAntonym: progressSentence: After days of deliberation, the jury reached an impasse, necessitating a new trial.
22 adulation (noun) Variants: adulate (verb) Definition: excessive flattery or adorationSynonym: obsequiousness, sycophancyAntonym: insult, offenseSentence: Robert Pattinson is the object of young girls’ adulation.
23 censure (noun, verb) Variants: censure (transitive verb) Definition: judgment involving condemnationSynonym: rebuke, reproachAntonym: honor, acclamationSentence: Following the lawyer’s emotional outburst, the judge had no choice but to censure him.
24 dissimulation (noun)Variants: dissimulate (verb), dissimulative (adjective), dissimulator (noun)Definition: act of deceiving/concealing true feelings and intentionssynonym: deception, deceit, disguise, dissemblingantonym: frankness, honesty, truthfulnessSentence: As he becomes more desperately ill, Ivan Ilyich finds dissimulation more difficult, and his family is frightened by the anger he reveals.
25 droll (adjective)variants: droller, drollest (more adjectives), drolly (adverb)definition: humorous, amusing in an odd waysynonym: amusing, clownish, comicalantonym: serioussentence: The professor entertained the class with his droll impersonations of literary characters.
26 expectorate (verb) variants: expectoration (noun), expectorant (noun) definition: to expel matter, esp. phlegmsynonym: flush out, ejectantonym: inject, inhale, consumesentence: The doctor instructed the patient to expectorate regularly to speed healing.
27 surfeit (noun) variants: surfeiter (I have never seen this!) definition: too great an amount or supply; excess; overindulgence, esp. in food or drinksynonym: satiate, excess, surplusantonym: deficit, insufficiencysentence: In the child’s opinion, his plate held a surfeit of vegetables.