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Big Question: How do we explore the center of the Earth? Author: Jules Verne Genre: Science Fiction.

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Presentation on theme: "Big Question: How do we explore the center of the Earth? Author: Jules Verne Genre: Science Fiction."— Presentation transcript:

1 Big Question: How do we explore the center of the Earth? Author: Jules Verne Genre: Science Fiction

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3 Story Sort Story Sort Story Sort Story Sort VocabularyWords Vocabulary Words: Arcade Games Arcade Games Arcade Games Arcade Games Study Stack Study Stack Study Stack Study Stack Spelling City: Vocabulary Spelling City: Vocabulary Spelling City: Vocabulary Spelling City: Vocabulary Spelling City: Spelling Words Spelling City: Spelling Words Spelling City: Spelling Words Spelling City: Spelling Words

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5 project audience decade territory auditorium terrier decimal injection December reject eject terrace audit decimeter audition audible decathlon terrarium dejected terrain terra cotta subterranean conjecture trajectory terrestrial

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7 armor encases extinct hideous plunged serpent calculations ichthyosaurus plesiosaurus caverns chambers stalactites stalagmites Vocabulary Words More Words to Know

8 Question of the Day How do we explore the center of Earth?

9 Build Concepts Cause and Effect Summarize Build Background Vocabulary Fluency: Pauses Grammar: Comparative and Superlative Adjectives Spelling: Latin Roots Adventures Underground

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11 Listen as I read “Bartlett and the City of Flames.” As I read, notice how I pause to break the text into meaningful units or when I read long, detailed descriptions. Be ready to answer questions after I finish.

12 What caused Bartlett and his friends to stay underground for months, instead of days or weeks? The words inventiveness, desperation, and perseverance are referred to as tools for the explorers. Why?

13 caverns – large cavescaverns chambers – enclosed spaceschambers stalactites – mineral formations shaped like icicles hanging from a cave roofstalactites stalagmites – mineral formations shaped like cones coming up from the floor of a cavestalagmites (Next Slide)

14 These photos were taken in the Cathedral Caverns in Grant, Alabama.

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18 Concept Vocabulary (To add information to the graphic organizer, click on end show, type in your new information, and save your changes.)

19 Exploring Caves Adventures Underground

20 Cause and Effect, Summarize Turn to Page

21 Making Predictions Making Observations Carrying Out Experiments Comparing Results and Predictions

22 This week’s audio explores the characteristics of science fiction stories. After you listen, we will discuss what you found interesting about science fiction and what surprised you.

23 Vocabulary Words

24 armor – any kind of protective covering armor encases – covers completely; enclosesencases extinct – no longer existing hideous – very ugly; frightful; horrible

25 plunged – fell or moved suddenly downward or forward plunged serpent – snake, especially a big snakeserpent

26 calculations – careful thinking, deliberate plans ichthyosaurus – a large fishlike reptile, now extinct, that lived in the seaichthyosaurus plesiosaurus – any of several large sea reptiles that lived about 200 million year agoplesiosaurus (Next slide) (Next slide)

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33 Grammar Comparative and Superlative Adjectives

34 the awdiense loved our performance of jules vernes story The audience loved our performance of Jules Verne’s story. i think it is gooder than his other novels and i have read them all I think it is better than all his other novels, and I have read them all.

35 My worst fears have been realized. We are at the center of the most tremendous uproar! Worst and most tremendous are superlative forms of the adjectives bad and tremendous.

36 Worst compares one kind of fears to all other kinds. Most tremendous compares one uproar to all others the speaker has witnessed.

37 Comparative adjectives are used to compare two people, places, things, or groups. Add –er to most short adjectives to make their comparative forms. Use more with longer adjectives.

38 Superlative adjectives are used to compare three or more people, places, things, or groups. Add –est to most short adjectives to make their superlative forms. Use most with longer adjectives.

39 AdjectiveComparativeSuperlative strange stranger strangest terrible more terriblemost terrible

40 Adjectives such as good and bad have irregular comparative and superlative forms: good, better, best; bad, worse, worst.

41 Never use more or most with –er or –est. No: more angrier, most remarkablest Yes: angrier, most remarkable

42 AdjectiveComparativeSuperlative deep fat bad hideous powerful mighty

43 That was the (scary) movie I have ever seen. scariest One monster had a (big) body than the other one. bigger

44 However, the (small) monster of the two had (sharp) claws and fangs. smaller, sharper What is the (exciting) book you have ever read? most exciting

45 I think 20,000 Leagues Under the Sea is a (good) book than Journey to the Center of the Earth. better Jules Verne was one of our (early) and (good) science fiction writers. earliest, best

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47 project audience decade territory auditorium terrier decimal injection December reject eject terrace audit decimeter audition audible decathlon terrarium dejected terrain terra cotta subterranean conjecture trajectory terrestrial

48 Question of the Day What characteristics are important for an explorer to have?

49 Context Clues Cause and Effect Summarize Author’s Purpose Vocabulary Fluency: Choral Reading Grammar: Comparative & Superlative Adjectives Spelling: Latin Roots Science: Sea Monster Science: Volcanoes Adventures Underground

50 Vocabulary Strategy: Context Clues Turn to Page

51 Journey to the Center of the Earth Turn to Page

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53 Turn to page 593, first paragraph. As I read, notice how I pause at commas and at the colon to break text into meaningful units. We will practice as a class doing three choral readings.

54 Grammar Comparative and Superlative Adjectives

55 vernes 20,000 leagues under the sea are one of the popularest science fiction books of all time Verne’s 20,000 Leagues Under the Sea is one of the most popular science fiction books of all time. it features a submarine, a vessel that weren’t invented until deckade later It features a submarine, a vessel that wasn’t invented until decades later.

56 A comparative adjective is used to compare two persons, places, things, or groups. Add –er to a short adjective. Use the word more with a longer adjective.

57 A superlative adjective is used to compare three or more persons, places, things, or groups. Add –est to a short adjective. Use the word most with a longer adjective.

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59 project audience decade territory auditorium terrier decimal injection December reject eject terrace audit decimeter audition audible decathlon terrarium dejected terrain terra cotta subterranean conjecture trajectory terrestrial

60 Question of the Day How would you feel if yours were the first human eyes to see the ichthyosaurus and plesiosaurus?

61 Summarize Context Clues Vocabulary Fluency: Pauses Grammar: Comparative and Superlative Adjectives Spelling: Latin Roots Science: Prehistoric Creatures Adventures Underground

62 Journey to the Center of the Earth Turn to Page

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64 Turn to page As I read, notice how I pause at the commas to break up long sentences so the reading flows smoothly and is easier to understand. Now we will practice together as a class by doing three choral readings.

65 Grammar Comparative and Superlative Adjectives

66 in this novel, captain nemo roams the teritoy beneath the sea In this novel, Captain Nemo roams the territory beneath the sea. nemo wont live on land because he have cut himself off from humans Nemo won’t live on land because he has cut himself off from humans.

67 A comparative adjective is used to compare two persons, places, things, or groups. Add –er to a short adjective. Use the word more with a longer adjective.

68 A superlative adjective is used to compare three or more persons, places, things, or groups. Add –est to a short adjective. Use the word most with a longer adjective.

69 Using adjectives that compare can make an argument more exact and convincing. Example: The XYZ bike is lighter and faster than the ABC bike, so the XYZ is a better racing bike.

70 Review something you have written to see if you can make it more persuasive by using comparative or superlative adjectives.

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72 project audience decade territory auditorium terrier decimal injection December reject eject terrace audit decimeter audition audible decathlon terrarium dejected terrain terra cotta subterranean conjecture trajectory terrestrial

73 Question of the Day How can we learn about Earth’s interior while remaining on the surface?

74 Textbook Reading Across Texts Content-Area Vocabulary Fluency: Partner Reading Grammar: Comparative and Superlative Adjectives Spelling: Latin Roots Science: Earth’s Layers

75 “Crust, Mantle, Core” Turn to Page

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77 Turn to page 594 – 595. Read this three times with a partner. Be sure to read with appropriate pauses to break up long sentences and offer each other feedback.

78 Grammar Comparative and Superlative Adjectives

79 your dinosaur projet was good done Your dinosaur project was well done. did eny dinosaurs live underwater Did any dinosaurs live underwater?

80 A comparative adjective is used to compare two persons, places, things, or groups. Add –er to a short adjective. Use the word more with a longer adjective.

81 A superlative adjective is used to compare three or more persons, places, things, or groups. Add –est to a short adjective. Use the word most with a longer adjective.

82 Test Tip: You may be asked to identify the correct forms of comparative and superlative adjectives. Remember that more and most are used instead of –er and –est.

83 No: One dinosaur was more stronger than the other. Yes: One dinosaur was stronger than the other.

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85 project audience decade territory auditorium terrier decimal injection December reject eject terrace audit decimeter audition audible decathlon terrarium dejected terrain terra cotta subterranean conjecture trajectory terrestrial

86 Question of the Day How do we explore the center of Earth?

87 Build Concept Vocabulary Cause and Effect Fantasy in Science Fiction Context Clues Grammar: Comparative and Superlative Adjectives Spelling: Latin Roots Diagrams/Scale Drawings Adventures Underground

88 A cause (why something happens) may have several effects. An effect (what happens as a result of the cause) may have several causes. Sometimes clue words such as since, as a result, caused, thus, therefore, and consequently are used to show cause-and-effect relationships.

89 Science fiction stories are a kind of fantasy, because they tell about events that couldn’t happen or that haven’t happened yet. Science fiction contains scientific information that makes the fantasy elements more believable. The elements of fantasy in science fiction have to do with technology rather than magic.

90 Context clues can help you learn the meanings of unfamiliar words. Occasionally authors use synonyms as context clues. Identify synonyms and meanings for these unfamiliar words from Journey to the Center of the Earth. Confirm word meanings with a dictionary.

91 WordSynonymMeaning heaving prodigious primitive

92 What kind of illustration might show the different parts of a volcano and how the parts work— a photograph, a map, or a diagram?

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94 A diagram is a drawing that shows how something is put together, how parts relate to one another, or how something works. The parts are usually labeled, and often include extra text that explains how each part works.

95 A scale drawing is a diagram that uses a mathematical scale. It is usually smaller than the “real life” object it represents. A common scale used is 1 inch in the drawing equals 1 foot in real life.

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97 Grammar Comparative and Superlative Adjectives

98 that there adventure story is fast-paced exciting and absorbing That adventure story is fast- paced, exciting, and absorbing. storys by jules verne feature weird but believeable machines Stories by Jules Verne feature weird but believable machines.

99 A comparative adjective is used to compare two persons, places, things, or groups. Add –er to a short adjective. Use the word more with a longer adjective.

100 A superlative adjective is used to compare three or more persons, places, things, or groups. Add –est to a short adjective. Use the word most with a longer adjective.

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102 project audience decade territory auditorium terrier decimal injection December reject eject terrace audit decimeter audition audible decathlon terrarium dejected terrain terra cotta subterranean conjecture trajectory terrestrial

103 Story test Story test Classroom webpage, Classroom webpage, Reading Test Reading Test AR AR Other Reading Quizzes Other Reading Quizzes Quiz # Quiz #


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