Timeline 1783 Treaty of Paris 1776 Declaration of Independence is written British capture Charles Town, SC 1780 British surrender at Yorktown 1781
The Early Years During the war for American Independence, Britain's advantage was its strong navy and army. Britain had the disadvantage of fighting far from home. The American forces lacked experience, weapons and money. American Independence Army Navy
The Loyalists called Tories Those Americans who remained loyal to Britain and opposed war for independence. One in five Americans were considered a Loyalist. Supported Britain because: a) members of the Anglican Church b) depended on the British for their jobs c) Some African Americans also sided with the Loyalists http://education-portal.com/academy/lesson/loyalists-in-the-southern-colonies-at-the- end-of-the- revolutionary-war.html Click on the blue button to watch a video about the Loyalists.
Patriot Advantages Fighting on their own ground Fighting for the freedom of their own land. Their leader, George Washington George Washington Fight for Freedom http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=sDJB0QbT32A Click the blue button to watch a video on George Washington.
Directions: Use the diagram below to list the Patriot defeats and victories during the early years of the American Revolution. Early Battles Defeats Victories Lexington Concord Burker Hill Camden Saratoga York Town Valley Forge
A British Plan for Victory The British worked out a battle plan for 1777. They would take Albany, New York, and gain control of the Hudson River. This would separate New England from the Middle Colonies. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Y6ikO6LMxF4 Click on the blue button to watch a video on the Revolutionary War. The British capture Philadelphia. Benedict Arnold : The Americans forced the British to retreat. The Battle of Saratoga http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tVkoWkmHJMA http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wjDhtwnrW9I Click on the blue buttons to watch a video on Benedict Arnold. "The Hessians are Coming." Turning point in the war France thought that the Americans might win their war against Great Britain
The War Continues Winter at Valley Forge News of the victory at Saratoga led France to openly support the Americans with money, equipment, and troops, and declare war on Britain. Congress and the states printed millions of dollars of paper money, which quickly lost their value, leading to inflation. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wtb9W3mPVtE Click on the blue button to watch a video on Valley Forge.
LOYALISTS Directions: Use the diagram below to explain why the Loyalists supported Britain.
The War Moves West and South Most Native Americans joined forces with the British who led attacks against settlers in the West. meanwhile, British ships were being captured not by the American navy, but by American privateers. Spain declared war on Britain, and Spanish soldiers won victories in Louisiana. Native American Forces
Directions: Use the diagram below to show what the United States and Great Britain agreed to in the Treaty of Paris. United States Great Britain
The War is Won Washington followed reports of the fighting. Their fight for the principle of freedom inspired the French as well as other countries to resist the rule of monarchs. Soldiers fighting Freedom http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PxtQXUnOdVA Click on the blue button to watch a video on the Revolutionary War.
Chapter 6 Quiz 1. A Loyalist was an American colonist who was loyal to______________? Great Britain The Patriot Cause His or her own family 2. One disadvantage for Britain was __________. a lack of military experience the size of its population its worldwide empire 3. Why did the British want to win control of the Hudson River_____________? to separate New England from the Middle Colonies to control New York City to capture Washington, D.C. 4. British general Cornwallis surrendered at _____________? Saratoga Yorktown Trenton 5. The American Revolution inspired other revolutions, including the ________. French Revolution Boston Tea Party German Revolution