3Essential QuestionsWhat were the negative effects of the location of Jamestown?What was the true story of John Smith and Pocahontas?
4London CompanyIn 1605 a company of English merchants, called the London Company, asked for the right to found a new settlement in North AmericaThey wanted to settle in a region called VirginiaAt the time, Virginia stretched from present day Maine to South CarolinaKing James I granted this request promising the Company the rights to these lands
5Settlement in Jamestown After learning of the failures of previous colonies financed by one person, the London Company wanted a group to share the cost and risk of founding a colonyTo attract investors and settlers, the LC printed advertisements praising Virginia.Propaganda- Information that is spread with the purpose of promoting a cause.
8The main purpose of Jamestown was to generate profit for England The promise of wealth attracted adventurers and people who wanted a new start in America.The main purpose of Jamestown was to generate profit for EnglandIn April 1607, three ships containing 105 male colonists landed off the coast of VirginiaThe ships sailed into Chesapeake Bay and up to the James RiverThey named the colony Jamestown, after the King of England
9Life in JamestownThe colonists were poorly prepared to start a settlementMost wanted to earn their living in the new world, but had no practical skills to start a colony such as carpentry or farming experience.Most were English “Gentlemen” a higher social class that looked down on physical laborCaptain John Smith was one colonist of the early colonists of JamestownHe complained about the poor work ethic and lack of skills of the other colonists
10Negatives of the Location The colony was built on a marshlandThis area was full of disease-carrying mosquitoesThe river water was too salty to drinkBy the time winter arrived, 2/3 of the original colonists had diedThe survivors were hungry and sick
11John Smith John Smith took control of the colony He forced the settlers to work and to build better housingHe also instituted policies that made all healthy people gather foodDuring an expedition for food, Smith was captured by Algonquian IndiansHe was taken to the Powhatan (pow-a-tan) capital of Werowocomoco.
12Pocahontas Daughter of Wahunsonacock (wa-hoon-Suh-nuh-kik), chief of the PowhatanReal name was Matoaka (ma-toke-a)Pocahontas was a nickname that means playful or hard to control
14Smith and Pocahontas Myths Saving Smith’s LifeSmith wrote in his book that he was saved from death by PocahontasHe said he was set on an altar stone to be clubbed to death by members of the tribeHe said Pocahontas flung herself on him to save himThe book was published more than 10 years after the incidentNo one really knows if it actually happenedSome theories suggest if it happened, it was merely a symbolic public ceremony to show the Powhatan acceptance of Smith
16Why would Smith create this story? Bias- Supporting one side rather than remaining neutralNo one else was around to tell the story in 1624, as Pocahontas died in 1617This story would make Smith’s adventures seem more fantastic and perhaps help him become famousIt also could have been done to promote Pocahontas’ story
17Romantic Relationship? There is no evidence to suggest of a romantic relationship between the twoSmith was 28 and Pocahontas was around 11
18Pocahontas helps the Colonists This fact about Pocahontas is true:Pocahontas was trusted by the English and helped to formulate English/American Indian relationshipsShe carried food, gifts, and messages between the two culturesShe also was able to arrange for prisoner transfers between the two groupsThe Powhatan taught the colonists how to grow corn.
19Colonist/Powhatan Relations While Pocahontas helped to mend the relationship between the two groups, it was not always peacefulThe colonists sometimes stole food from the Powhatan by forceThere were also incidents and skirmishes between the two groups
20Bellwork: 10/2 Review Paragraph: In paragraph form, compare the Pocahontas myth to reality. Use at least 3 facts.
21Essential QuestionWhat saved Jamestown and allowed it to be profitable? How did this process occur?
22Starving Time In 1609 400 more settlers arrived in Jamestown A gunpowder injury forced John Smith to return to England, leaving the colony without a strong leaderThat winter, disease and famine hit the colonyThis time period was called the starving timeThe next spring, only 60 colonists were still alive.
23John RolfeBecause the colony was struggling to survive, it obviously was not making money for the London Company.Colonist John Rolfe helped to solve this problemHe knew tobacco grew well in Virginia, it was just not the type that was preferred in EnglandRolfe introduced a West Indian variety to be grown in Virginia.Soon the colonists were able to export tobacco to England for a profit
24John Rolfe later married Pocahontas in 1614. This marriage also helped Jamestown to form more peaceful relationships with the Powhatan.Occurred while she was captured by the EnglishShe later became baptized and was known as RebeccaShe met the King and Queen of England on a trip to promote the Jamestown colony and recruit new settlers.
26Relationships Strained Peace between the colonists and American Indians did not lastColonists no longer depended on the Indians for foodAs they colony grew, they began using Indian land to grow tobacco
27Fighting between the groups continued for the next 20 years Colonists killed a Powhatan leader, and Opechancanough (O-pech-an-cah-no) responded by attacking the settlers killed 350 men, women, and children.Among those killed was John RolfeFighting between the groups continued for the next 20 years
28Life in VirginiaPeople began to live on scattered farms instead of townsTobacco farmers established plantationsThis was due to the headright systemColonists who paid their own way to Virginia received 50 acres of landFor every additional person they brought they would get 50 more acresLife was difficult, as many people died from diseases and harsh weatherHigh death tolls led to labor shortages
29Indentured ServantsIndentured servants were hired to help with the laborWould work 4-7 years for those who paid for their trip to AmericaThey would be provided with food, drink, clothes, and shelterLiving and working conditions were poor, and many indentured servants died before their term ended.
30African Slaves Africans came to Virginia on a Dutch ship in 1619. Some worked as indentured servants, others as slaves.As time went on, less people were willing to work in the harsh conditions as an indentured servantThis led to an increase of African slaves.Planters- owners of large plantations turned to using slave labor for their plantations
31Bacon’s RebellionMany colonists were growing unhappy with conditions in the colony.Poor colonists especially were upset with how the government was run.They also felt they were not being protected from Indian attacksThey were also upset with the lack of available farmland, and began farming on Indian land.In 1676 a group of former indentured servants attacked a group of American IndiansThis group was led by Nathaniel Bacon, a wealthy planter
32At one point, Bacon and his men controlled Jamestown. When the governor tried to stop Bacon and his men, they attacked and burned Jamestown.At one point, Bacon and his men controlled Jamestown.Bacon later died of fever, ending the rebellion.The 23 remaining rebels were hanged to death.The rebellion made it difficult to make peace with American Indians.