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● Bellwork 10/1 ● Watch the clip of Pocahontas. ● Write these in your binder: ● How is Pocahontas portrayed? ● How is the relationship between John Smith.

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Presentation on theme: "● Bellwork 10/1 ● Watch the clip of Pocahontas. ● Write these in your binder: ● How is Pocahontas portrayed? ● How is the relationship between John Smith."— Presentation transcript:

1 ● Bellwork 10/1 ● Watch the clip of Pocahontas. ● Write these in your binder: ● How is Pocahontas portrayed? ● How is the relationship between John Smith and Pocahontas portrayed? ● Tell what happens overall

2 4.1 English Colonies

3 ● Essential Questions ● What were the negative effects of the location of Jamestown? ● What was the true story of John Smith and Pocahontas?

4 London Company  In 1605 a company of English merchants, called the London Company, asked for the right to found a new settlement in North America  They wanted to settle in a region called Virginia o At the time, Virginia stretched from present day Maine to South Carolina o King James I granted this request promising the Company the rights to these lands

5 Settlement in Jamestown  After learning of the failures of previous colonies financed by one person, the London Company wanted a group to share the cost and risk of founding a colony  To attract investors and settlers, the LC printed advertisements praising Virginia.  Propaganda- Information that is spread with the purpose of promoting a cause.

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8  The promise of wealth attracted adventurers and people who wanted a new start in America.  The main purpose of Jamestown was to generate profit for England  In April 1607, three ships containing 105 male colonists landed off the coast of Virginia o The ships sailed into Chesapeake Bay and up to the James River  They named the colony Jamestown, after the King of England

9 Life in Jamestown  The colonists were poorly prepared to start a settlement  Most wanted to earn their living in the new world, but had no practical skills to start a colony such as carpentry or farming experience. o Most were English “Gentlemen” a higher social class that looked down on physical labor  Captain John Smith was one colonist of the early colonists of Jamestown o He complained about the poor work ethic and lack of skills of the other colonists

10 Negatives of the Location  The colony was built on a marshland o This area was full of disease-carrying mosquitoes o The river water was too salty to drink  By the time winter arrived, 2/3 of the original colonists had died o The survivors were hungry and sick

11 John Smith  John Smith took control of the colony  He forced the settlers to work and to build better housing  He also instituted policies that made all healthy people gather food  During an expedition for food, Smith was captured by Algonquian Indians  He was taken to the Powhatan (pow-a-tan) capital of Werowocomoco.

12 Pocahontas  Daughter of Wahunsonacock (wa-hoon-Suh-nuh-kik), chief of the Powhatan  Real name was Matoaka (ma-toke-a) o Pocahontas was a nickname that means playful or hard to control

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14 Smith and Pocahontas Myths Saving Smith’s Life  Smith wrote in his book that he was saved from death by Pocahontas o He said he was set on an altar stone to be clubbed to death by members of the tribe o He said Pocahontas flung herself on him to save him  The book was published more than 10 years after the incident  No one really knows if it actually happened  Some theories suggest if it happened, it was merely a symbolic public ceremony to show the Powhatan acceptance of Smith

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16 Why would Smith create this story?  Bias- Supporting one side rather than remaining neutral  No one else was around to tell the story in 1624, as Pocahontas died in 1617  This story would make Smith’s adventures seem more fantastic and perhaps help him become famous  It also could have been done to promote Pocahontas’ story

17 Romantic Relationship?  There is no evidence to suggest of a romantic relationship between the two  Smith was 28 and Pocahontas was around 11

18 Pocahontas helps the Colonists  This fact about Pocahontas is true:  Pocahontas was trusted by the English and helped to formulate English/American Indian relationships  She carried food, gifts, and messages between the two cultures  She also was able to arrange for prisoner transfers between the two groups  The Powhatan taught the colonists how to grow corn.

19 Colonist/Powhatan Relations  While Pocahontas helped to mend the relationship between the two groups, it was not always peaceful  The colonists sometimes stole food from the Powhatan by force  There were also incidents and skirmishes between the two groups

20 Bellwork: 10/2 Review Paragraph: In paragraph form, compare the Pocahontas myth to reality. Use at least 3 facts.

21 ● Essential Question ● What saved Jamestown and allowed it to be profitable? How did this process occur?

22 Starving Time  In more settlers arrived in Jamestown  A gunpowder injury forced John Smith to return to England, leaving the colony without a strong leader  That winter, disease and famine hit the colony  This time period was called the starving time o The next spring, only 60 colonists were still alive.

23 John Rolfe  Because the colony was struggling to survive, it obviously was not making money for the London Company.  Colonist John Rolfe helped to solve this problem o He knew tobacco grew well in Virginia, it was just not the type that was preferred in England o Rolfe introduced a West Indian variety to be grown in Virginia. o Soon the colonists were able to export tobacco to England for a profit

24  John Rolfe later married Pocahontas in o This marriage also helped Jamestown to form more peaceful relationships with the Powhatan.  Occurred while she was captured by the English o She later became baptized and was known as Rebecca o She met the King and Queen of England on a trip to promote the Jamestown colony and recruit new settlers.

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26 Relationships Strained  Peace between the colonists and American Indians did not last  Colonists no longer depended on the Indians for food  As they colony grew, they began using Indian land to grow tobacco

27  Colonists killed a Powhatan leader, and Opechancanough (O-pech-an-cah-no) responded by attacking the settlers killed 350 men, women, and children. o Among those killed was John Rolfe  Fighting between the groups continued for the next 20 years

28 Life in Virginia  People began to live on scattered farms instead of towns  Tobacco farmers established plantations o This was due to the headright system  Colonists who paid their own way to Virginia received 50 acres of land  For every additional person they brought they would get 50 more acres  Life was difficult, as many people died from diseases and harsh weather o High death tolls led to labor shortages

29 Indentured Servants  Indentured servants were hired to help with the labor o Would work 4-7 years for those who paid for their trip to America o They would be provided with food, drink, clothes, and shelter  Living and working conditions were poor, and many indentured servants died before their term ended.

30 African Slaves  Africans came to Virginia on a Dutch ship in  Some worked as indentured servants, others as slaves.  As time went on, less people were willing to work in the harsh conditions as an indentured servant  This led to an increase of African slaves.  Planters- owners of large plantations turned to using slave labor for their plantations

31 Bacon’s Rebellion  Many colonists were growing unhappy with conditions in the colony.  Poor colonists especially were upset with how the government was run. o They also felt they were not being protected from Indian attacks  They were also upset with the lack of available farmland, and began farming on Indian land.  In 1676 a group of former indentured servants attacked a group of American Indians o This group was led by Nathaniel Bacon, a wealthy planter

32  When the governor tried to stop Bacon and his men, they attacked and burned Jamestown.  At one point, Bacon and his men controlled Jamestown. o Bacon later died of fever, ending the rebellion. o The 23 remaining rebels were hanged to death.  The rebellion made it difficult to make peace with American Indians.


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