7 Pilgrims Church of England (Anglicanism) Calvinism Created during the Reformation as a “middle-way” between Protestantism and CatholicismThomas Cranmer (1489–1556),archbishop of Canterbury and principal author of the first two Books of Common PrayerCalvinismA Protestant form of Christian theology by John CalvinArgues for an omnipotent (all-powerful) GodGod chooses who goes to “Heaven” and who goes to “Hell”Sixteenth-century portrait of John Calvin ( ) by an unknown artist
8 Anglicanism + Calvinism + Primitivism = Puritans PilgrimsPrimitivism (primitive + ism)A consequence of the Protestant ReformationThe idea that the earliest (most primitive) form of Christianity is the correct formMural painting from the catacomb of Commodilla, Rome. Bust of Christ, c. 4th Century.Anglicanism + Calvinism + Primitivism = PuritansWilliam Brewster (c. 1560–1643) was a Pilgrim colonist leader and preacher
9 PilgrimsPilgrims believed that the Church of England was beyond fixingThe only answer was to leave and start a better form of ChristianityThis was not received well by traditional AnglicansThe Pilgrims (then called “Separatists”) traveled to neighboring countries to find a new home and religious freedomThey decided the best place to go was the New World1620: 102 Pilgrims set sail for Virginia
12 The Mayflower 1620: a group of 102 people (half Separatists) Negotiated with the Virginia Company to settle in its jurisdictionNon-Separatists included Captain Myles StandishInstead of landing in Virginia the Pilgrims landed in Southern MassachusettsBecame squatters without legal right to land & specific authority to establish a govt.
15 Mayflower CompactWritten and signed before the Pilgrims disembarked from the ship.Not a constitution, but an agreement to form a crude govt. and submit to majority rule.Signed by 41 adult males.Led to adult male settlers meeting in assemblies to make laws in town meetings.