Presentation on theme: "Lindsey Nemshick. Why Pompeii not Herculaneum? Pre-Roman Burials Biographies Marcus Porcius Marcus Tullius Arellia Tertulla Areas of Debate Conclusion."— Presentation transcript:
Why Pompeii not Herculaneum? Pre-Roman Burials Biographies Marcus Porcius Marcus Tullius Arellia Tertulla Areas of Debate Conclusion
Samnite Cemetery Dates: 2 nd -4 th Centuries BC Scanty Evidence Pottery, coins, and a bronze mirror Primarily inhumation burials Plain fossae enclosed with tiles What can we possibly deduce from this type of burial practice?
Recall: Roman colonization dates? Who defeated Pompeii? Colonist Contributions Theaters, baths, temples, town walls, and funerary customs * Direct connection between Roman arrival in Pompeii and the shift from inhumation burials to cremation Evidence: The Epidii family
Are the placement of tombs, lining the streets, a sign that tombs were important to the people of Pompeii? Or is it possible that this location, on the outskirts of town, trivialized tombs, rendering them insignificant?
Henrik Mouritsen Cyclic changes in funerary practice Decline in elite tombs and rise of tombs of freedmen and freedwomen (same time) Did the elite shift their burials back on private property for exclusivity?
Potential Magnitude of Funerary Landscape Graffiti as “community announcements” Feasts Birthday or anniversary of the death of the deceased Parentalia (Roman feast of All Souls) Gardens Meals shared
“Funerary monuments, created to immortalize the dead, in their turn die; tombstones decay, inscriptions weather and stone crumbles and falls. Preservation often entails removal and reuse and once isolated from the cemetery the role of the monument, to mark and protect the last remains of human life, becomes increasingly obscure. The tombstone is an aid to memory but human memory is all too short and every culture ultimately cannot avoid neglecting and forgetting its mounting dead.” -Valerie M. Hope
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