Presentation on theme: "T HE R EVOLUTIONARY W AR Paige Bradley. H OW I T A LL S TARTED The revolutionary war began as a war between Great Britain and three other former British."— Presentation transcript:
H OW I T A LL S TARTED The revolutionary war began as a war between Great Britain and three other former British colonies in America. The Americans didn’t want to pay there taxes to great Britain. The Americans decided to do many things to protest such as the Boston Tea Party. The Americans officially wanted freedom!
B OSTON T EA P ARTY When the Americans Protested against the taxes they were having to pay Great Britain they were not ashamed or afraid. One of the taxes was on tea. To protest about two- hundred American men took three ships out to the Boston harbor. Many people came too stand on the docks and watch this sight. On December 16, 1773 they dropped 342 chests of tea into the Boston harbor. The harbor ran brown for days. This sent the message without them having to say anything.
T HE W AR B EGINS In the revolutionary war there were many battles that took place. The first that took place was the battle of Lexington. The Americans lost but this was just the start of the revolution.
B ATTLE O F L EXINGTON “Stand your ground. If they want war, let it begin here.”Yelled Captain Parker as 600 British soldiers, in their red coats with their shiny, brass buttons, marched towards the 70 American men. They new that they weren’t going to be able to over through the British army with how big in numbers it was, but they tried anyway. Parker was killed. This battle was fought at a village near Boston, Massachusetts on the morning of April 19, 1779. Eight colonist were killed. All the American men were just regular towns men and most of them were working men like you and I. As the sun rose the British army marched on toward Concord.
T HE B ATTLE OF B UNKERHILL This battle was the first major battle were the British defeated the Americans. The cause of this battle was that the Americans wanted to keep the British from leaving the town and they heard that they were going to secure the hill so they attacked them. The Americans wanted to take over Boston and they wanted to get revenge on the British shooting them in their backs at Lexington. The battle of Bunkerhill wasn’t actually fought here. It was really fought on Breed’s hill, a close hill near by. People call it Bunkerhill because it was the bigger of the two hills. Though the Americans did retreat and regroup at Bunkerhill. The battle of Bunkerhill was fought on June 17, 1775. 450 of the 6,500 American soldiers that fought were either killed, wounded, or captured. The battle of Bunkerhill was the bloodiest battle in the revolutionary war. The British actually won the battle by driving the Americans off Breed’s hill.
B ATTLE O F S ARATOGA The battle of Saratoga was the turning point of the war. It boosted the Americans spirits at a time when Washington’s army was suffering defeats in Pennsylvania. This battle also ended the British threat to New England. The battle was fought in Saratoga on the Hudson river in New York. The battle was between British and German troops against the Americans. The British had about 5,000 troops. By the time the British surrendered the Americans had about 12,000 to 14,000 troops and militia. In the end of the battle the Americans forced the British and German a surrender.
T HE B ATTLE OF L ONG I SLAND This battle started on August 27, 1776 and ended on August 30, 1776. The whole reason for this battle was that it was the British campaign to try and seize New York during the American Revolution. George Washington had a whole great plan set up but there was a defeat in his plan. He sent 4,000 men out to guard the Heights of Guana and they left the left flank undefended and vulnerable. They failed to protect it so the Americans lost about 1,000 men while the British lost about 400. The Americans retreated back to their head quarters after their failure.
B ATTLE O F Y ORKTOWN Yorktown was where the last major battle of the American Revolutionary War took place. The U.S. and France forces worked together to beat the British army bad. The American and French forces hurried southward to catch the British army on land before they escaped on the ocean. The British got away but later came back to Yorktown to recope after the long days of battle at Chesapeake Bay’s mouth in the beginning of September. Little did they know that waiting for their return there would be 18,000 soldiers armed and ready for war. On October 19, 1781 the British surrendered. Even though the Britain were defeated in Yorktown, it didn’t mean the revolutionary war had ended. For 2 more years the fighting had continued in some other areas. The British and the Americans now finally started talking about peace.
T REATY OF P ARIS AND P ROCLAMATION The Treaty of Paris officially ended the revolutionary war on September 3, 1783. Great Britain was forced to recognize the 13 colonies of the United States. After the British defeat in Yorktown peace talks began in Paris in April in 1782 between Richard Oswarld representing Great Britain and the American Peace Commissioners Benjamin Franklin, John Jay, John Adams. Also on April 14 Governor Livingston of New Jersey issued a proclamation that ended formal hostilities. They printed it and gave it to the sheriffs to post and they read it out loud to the people. Fun Fact- At the end of the proclamation it said, “God Save The People.”
R EMEMBERING T HOSE W HO P ASTED We will always remember those who died in this great war. Veterans day is a day when we remember those who fought in the revolutionary war or any war for that matter. “Those who cannot learn from history are doomed to repeat it.”- Santayana If we don’t remember the people who died in this war and remember how much heart break it brought us than we are going to end up just repeating what has already been done. We should remember and honor these people every day and not just on veterans day.