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Chapter 7 & 8 Comparing the Colonies & Facing Slavery.

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Presentation on theme: "Chapter 7 & 8 Comparing the Colonies & Facing Slavery."— Presentation transcript:

1 Chapter 7 & 8 Comparing the Colonies & Facing Slavery

2 Advertisement  Where do you find ads?  What do you see in an advertisement?  What kinds of information are included?  What makes ads persuasive?  Billboards are a popular type of advertisement. What are some billboards you remember seeing around Louisville?  Billboards are generally seen while people are on the go. So they must have striking visuals, few words, and memorable slogans.

3 How were the three colonial regions alike and different?  Objectives (I can…)  compare and contrast the New England, Middle, and Southern colonies.  identify key features of the colonies.  analyze how democratic principles are/are not reflected in the establishment of early colonies.  describe how human labor was utilized in the colonies.

4 How were the three colonial regions alike and different?  You will be creating billboards to try to persuade others to settle in one of six American colonies during the 1600s and 1700s.  British colonies needed to attract settlers in order to survive and be successful. Why?  There was much, much work to be done! More people, the better.  The British colonists laid the foundation for our modern economic system, in which individuals decide which goods and services to produce for consumers.

5 How were the three colonial regions alike and different?  The colonies offered many more opportunities to choose how to make a living and prosper than people were given in Europe.  These opportunities attracted many new settlers that the colonies needed to survive.  Read pg. 85 – Section 7.1

6 How were the three colonial regions alike and different? Jobs

7 New England, Middle, and Southern  Let’s read section 7.2, page 86.  All 13 British colonies in North America were marked by their striking regional diversity.  The three MAIN regions – New England, Middle, and Southern– were distinguished by differences in geography.

8 New England, Middle, and Southern  Each region’s economy and way of life was based on its natural resources and climate.  You will be assign one of the six colonies described in Sections 7.3 to 7.8.  Then you will create a billboard and a sales presentation (one minute) that tries to encourage others to settle in your colony.  We will vote on which colony we would want to settle in.

9 New England, Middle, and Southern  Answer these questions AFTER finishing your billboard:  What does the billboard want people to do?  How well does it communicate the message?  Follow the directions on here to success- fully complete your billboard.  I will model first how a billboard could look and how to do a presentation.

10 Come to the Virginia Colony!!!  Right here ladies and gentlemen, this is the colony that you have been searching for!  There are many job opportunities here!  Citizens of Virginia can also elect lawmakers!

11

12 Steps for Preparing a Colonial Billboard  1.Learn about your colony: Take turns reading aloud the information about your colony in Chapter 7.  2. Write a slogan or catchy statement: Your billboard must contain a slogan that summarizes your colony’s most outstanding feature.  For example, Make your dreams come true in the fertile soil of Virginia ! This slogan identifies one of Virginia’s outstanding features: the availability of rich soil for farming.  Your billboard must also contain three catchy statements that describe other qualities of your colony, such as its geography or job opportunities.

13 Steps for Preparing a Colonial Billboard  3.Sketch visual for your billboard: Your billboard must contain four visuals that reinforce the ideas in your slogan and catchy statements.  Your visuals should be simple, yet striking so that they can be easily seen from a distance.  4.Brainstorm ideas for a sales presentation: Elect one or two salespeople to do a one minute (or less) sales presentation. They need to be very persuasive!  5.Make sure your billboard looks its’ best and the salesperson has rehearsed for their presentation.

14 New England, Middle, and Southern Examine the posters and let’s vote!  In which colony did the most students want to settle? Why do you think so many wanted to settle in that colony?  In which colony did the fewest students want to settle? Why do you think this was so?  What factors were most important to you as you considered which colony to settle in?

15 The Thirteen Colonies REVIEW Regions

16 The New England Colonies  Colonies - Maine, New Hampshire, Vermont, Massachusetts, Rhode Island, Connecticut  Land – What was it like?  Hilly  Rocky  Forests  Ocean  Climate  Cold  People – Who settled there and why?  Puritans, for religious freedom  Resources  Wood  Fish

17 The Middle Colonies  Colonies – New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Delaware  Climate  Cold and warm  People – Who settled there and why?  Portuguese  Dutch  German  Scottish  Irish  Slaves  Quakers, for religious freedom  Resources  Grain  Furs  Wood  crops

18 The Southern Colonies  Colonies – Maryland, Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia  Climate  warm  People – Who settled there and why?  Debtors/poor people  Slaves  Farmers  Land – What was it like?  Rich soil for farming  Rice  Indigo  Large farms called “plantations”  Resources  Corn  Tobacco – cash crop

19 Map! plantation tobacco Quakers slaves German

20 Questions  Which colonies would have the resources to build ships?  What type of job would you probably have in the Southern colonies?  In which region would you grow rice and tobacco?  How were the New England and Middle colonies alike?  Which region had a very diverse population?  If you were a colonist who had to choose one region in which to live and work, which would you choose?

21 Graphic Organizer Region Reason for Founding People Who Settled There Geography (land) Jobs New England colonies Religious freedom Puritans Pilgrims Rocky Hilly Trees Fishing Farming Shipbuilding Middle colonies Religious freedom Portuguese Irish, Germans, Quakers Flat land Good for farming Farming Southern Colonies A place for debtors; slaves; farmers A place for debtors; slaves; farmers Flat land, rich soil Farming

22 Chapter 8 – Facing Slavery  Brief overview – we will come back to this chapter later. In 1619, Dutch traders brought the first Africans to the English colonies in North America. The traders sold these people at Jamestown colony in Virginia. These first Africans were considered indentured servants, or those who had agreed to work for a period of time to gain their freedom. Over the next years, however, the institution of slavery grew strong. Millions of Africans were enslaved during the 18 th century. Most were put to work on plantations in the Caribbean. But many slaves were sent to the mainland. All enslaved workers were treated as though they were the owner’s property.

23 Chapter 8 – Facing Slavery  Brief overview – we will come back to this chapter later. In North America, most enslaved Africans worked on farms and plantations in the Southern Colonies. Their labor enabled some owners to grow rich. The laws at that time said that babies born to slaves were also considered slaves. So, although it became illegal to bring slaves into the United States after 1808, the number of slaves continued to grow. There were 4 million slaves in the country in 1860.


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