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English Colonies. I.French & Indian War A.Albany Plan of Union (Ben Franklin) 1.Military cooperation of colonies a.Raise $ (Taxes) b.Raise Militia 2.Failed.

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Presentation on theme: "English Colonies. I.French & Indian War A.Albany Plan of Union (Ben Franklin) 1.Military cooperation of colonies a.Raise $ (Taxes) b.Raise Militia 2.Failed."— Presentation transcript:

1 English Colonies

2 I.French & Indian War A.Albany Plan of Union (Ben Franklin) 1.Military cooperation of colonies a.Raise $ (Taxes) b.Raise Militia 2.Failed a.Colonies too independent

3 B.William Pitt Takes Charge After Capture of Fort William Henry 1.Raise taxes 2.Increase military 3.Choose “good” men 4.Good strategist

4 II.Treaty of Paris (1763) A.Britain Doubles Empire 1.Canada (New France) 2.Ohio Valley 3.French lands east of Mississippi River B.France 1.Keep New Orleans, Caribbean Islands C.Spain 1.Keep Louisiana Territory a.Given them by the French for military aid. 2.Gave Florida to British

5 I.New Colonial Policy A.New Problems 1.War debt 2.Defense of new territory 3.How to govern new territory

6 II.Tax Colonies to Pay Debt? A.War benefited who? 1.Britain a.Protect trade b.Provide protection 2.Colonies a.Supply resources b.Purchase goods

7 III.Defending Ohio Valley A.Pontiac’s Rebellion 1.Ottawa chief 2.Attacked forts 3.Cost in $ and lives B.Proclamation of Stop further settlement 2.Anger colonists

8 Change Colonial Policy – Prime Minister George Grenville Colonial Acts

9 I.Navigation Act (1651) A.Four Provisions 1.Only use English ships 2.Products must be sold only to England 3.Imports from other countries must pass through English ports 4.Tax on goods not shipped to England B.“Healthy Neglect”

10 II.Sugar Act (1764) A.Force payment of tax on molasses B.Customs collectors 1.“Snoops & Spies” a.Search ships, warehouses b.No warning

11 III.Quartering Act (1765) A.Pay for soldiers room & board

12 IV.Stamp Act (1765) A.Direct tax on “everyday” goods 1.Playing cards, newspapers, legal documents B.Colonists respond 1.“no taxation without representation” 2.Protest a.Sons of Liberty b.March in the streets c.Ministers give sermons d.Boycott – refuse to purchase goods

13 C.Stamp Act Congress 1.Delegates from 9 colonies 2.Declaration to King 1.Loyal, but law is unjust. 2.Declaratory Act a.Britain repeals the Stamp Act

14 V.Townshend Act (1767) A.Tax on paint, lead, tea, paper 1.Made in Britain a.Tax used to pay British officials in colonies b.Sons of Liberty protest i.Sign petitions ii.Women boycott tea, cloth iii.Spinning Clubs a.Homespun cloth worn as a symbol of protest

15 VI.Writs of Assistance A.Enter any place to search for smuggled goods 1.Smuggle goods to avoid taxes

16 I.Search for Solutions A.Want to stay loyal 1.Samuel Adams leads protest 2.Send letters “respect colonial rights” 3.Letters published in newspapers 4.Political cartoons

17 II.Boston Massacre – March 5, 1770 A.Britain stationed to keep order 1.Marching drills a.Mocked by the crowds B.Surrounded by angry crowd 1.Pelted with snowballs 2.Someone shouted “fire”

18 3.Five colonists killed a.Crispus Attucks was first to fall C.Britain repeals Townshend Act 1.Keep tax on tea

19 III.Committees of Correspondence (1772) A.Formed by Samuel Adams 1.Report political events 2.Spread from Massachusetts to all the colonies a.A sign of unity & cooperation

20 IV.Tea Act (1773) A.British East India Company (BEIC) 1.$ troubles due to boycotts 2.Warehouse full, can’t sell B.Tea Act says BEIC can sell direct to colonists w/out import tax

21 C.Colonists Upset 1.Why? a.BEIC can offer the lowest price b.Monopoly i.Drive out the competition c.Members of British Parliament own BEIC stock – get rich!

22 V.Boston Tea Party A.Ship arrives w/342 chests of tea 1.Colonists want to refuse entrance 2.Gov. Hutchinson orders British patrol boats to aim cannons at Boston shore 3.“Indians” boarded ships and dumped the tea overboard!

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24 VI.Coercive Acts (1774) – Intolerable Acts A.Punish for “Tea Party” 1.Closed Boston ports a.Blockade until tea is paid for 2.Banned “committees of correspondence 3.House troops wherever necessary 4.British officials charged w/crime>tried in Britain

25 VII.First Continental Congress – September 1774 – Philadelphia A.Every colony represented except Georgia

26 B.Declaration of Rights 1.Oppose Intolerable Acts by force if needed 2.Arm and train militia 3.Boycott trade with Britian 4.No taxation w/out representation 5.Loyal to King George III 6.Meet again May 1775

27 C.King replies 1.Mass. in “state of rebellion” 2.British troops sent to Mass. 3.Orders in Spring 1775 a.Troops to go to Lexington to arrest John Hancock and Samuel Adams b.Then to Concord to seize ammunition stores

28 i.Paul Revere & William Dawes spread the news

29 VIII.Lexington & Concord–April 19, 1775 A.Militia ready when British arrive at Lexington 1.“Shot heard ‘round the world” a.No one knows who fired first b.8 colonists killed

30 2.Marched on to Concord & destroyed military supplies 3.Greeted by 4000 militia a.British lost 234 men b.Colonist lost 95

31 IX.Second Continental Congress – May 1775 A.All colonies represented 1.Appoint commander 2.Raise army 3.“Olive Branch” a.Want to stay loyal b.Remove Intolerable Acts & troops

32 X.Making a Choice A.“Common Sense” by Thomas Paine – January 1776) 1.Independence 2.King is a tyrant B.Helped persuade colonist to fight!


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