Presentation on theme: "Chapter 5: the struggle to found colonies"— Presentation transcript:
1Chapter 5: the struggle to found colonies Lesson 1: Hard Times in VirginiaSocial Studies 5th GradeMr. Vida
2Bell Ringer!Where was the 1st English colony in what is now, the United States of America.
3What We will see here… Preview: England founded Jamestown, the first permanent English settlement in North America in 1607Places:Roanoke IslandVirginiaJamestownPeople:Queen ElizabethWalter RaleighJohn WhiteFrancis DrakeKing James IJohn SmithChief PowhatanPocahontasJohn RolfeVocabulary:charterstockcash cropIndentured servantHouse of Burgesses
6The Lost Colony of Roanoke: England watched as their rival Spain established vast new colonies in the AmericasIn the late 1500’s, England began establishing colonies alsoRoanoke was England’s 1st attempt
7Queen Elizabeth I Queen of England What were some of the reasons why she wanted to colonize North America?
8Queen Elizabeth IWhat were some of the reasons why she wanted to colonize North America?The hope was to find Gold... ORHoped that it was rich in natural resources
9Walter Raleigh Queen Elizabeth’s close advisor Offered to organize the 1st colony himselfEarly 1580’s ~ he was a soldier who explored N. AmericaKnew the Roanoke Islands
10Walter Raleigh 1st colonist landed in 1585 Faced a difficult winter; trouble finding food1586 ~ The starving English returned home
11John White Raleigh did not want to give up 1587 ~ White led 100+ men, women, & children to Roanoke IslandAlso struggled. When he returned to England for more supplies after they ran out, war with Spain was raging
12John White Because of war, no ships could be spared August, 1590 ~ White again landed at Roanoke Island, but everyone was gone!The only clue White found was the word “CROATOAN” carved into a tree
13The Lost ColonyThe settlers, who arrived in 1587, disappeared in 1590, leaving behind only two clues: the words “CROATOAN" carved into a fort's gatepost and "Cro" etched into a tree.
14What do you think happened? The Lost ColonyWhat do you think happened?
15What do you think happened? The Lost ColonyWhat do you think happened?Croatoan was the name of an American Indian group that lived near Roanoke Island
16What do you think happened? The Lost ColonyWhat do you think happened?Croatoan was the name of an American Indian group that lived near Roanoke IslandNO ONE KNOWS… But…May have been captured by Spanish soldiers, died in battles with Indians, or while starving, may have moved south to live with Croatoan people and have been assimilated
18The Battle of Spanish armada Why did Spain attack England?
19The Battle of Spanish armada Why did Spain attack England?Angry about England’s attempts to colonize N. AmericaEnglish sea captains raiding Spanish ships carrying gold & silver to Spain from N. America
20The Battle of Spanish armada Francis Drake ~1577, began a historic trip around the worldIn 1580, he returned to England, loaded with captured Spanish goldEngland: HERO ~ Spain: “Master Thief1588 ~ King Phillip of Spain decided to attack England
21The Battle of Spanish armada King Phillip led the Spanish Armada (Huge fleet of war ships. Armada means fleet in Spanish)130 ships carrying 30,000 soldiers & sailors.
22More War Ships More Support Vessels Stronger ground force Spain EnglandMore War ShipsMore Support VesselsStronger ground forcePreemptive strike with burning shipsTight English ChannelStormy, foreign coastSmaller, more faster shipsMore powerful guns
23The Battle of Spanish armada Cannonballs and storms off of rocky coasts “sank” the Spanish Armada60 out of 130 ships made it back to SpainThis was a major victory for EnglandThey now were a major military power & one of the most powerful nationsNow attention is turned back to America
24The Jamestown ColonyKing James I of England ~ gave permission to a company for a charter to set up a colony1606 ~ merchants formed the Virginia Company of LondonCharter ~ A document that permitted colonist to settle on land claimed by their rulerThe Virginia company raised money by selling stockShares in company that pays money if company is successful
26The Jamestown Colony Jamestown ~ The 2nd colony founded by England Thought to be a good spot, but it was swampy, full of disease-carrying mosquitoes. River water was not healthy to drinkMany settlers became sick and many diedBy the end of the 1st year, only 38 sellers were still aliveColonist were to busy looking for gold to support themselvesJohn Smith~ one of the original settlers, after that 1st year. He was elected leader of the colonyIssued order, “He who will not work, shall not eat”
27The Jamestown ColonyUnder Smiths leadership, they planted crops, fished the river, dug wells, and built housesChief Powhatan ~ Chief of Powhatan people; Smith traded with him. Corn from this kept helped keep the colonist aliveFor a time, relations were peaceful & the Chiefs daughter, Pocahontas visited Jamestown
28Tobacco Helps Jamestown Grow Like corn and tomatoes, tobacco plant is native is native to the AmericasEarly 1600’s, it was becoming popular in England and EuropeJohn Rolfe ~ raised a crop of tobacco in Virginias rich soilHe would marry Pocahontas in 1614, helping to maintain peaceTobacco became Virginia’s 1st cash crop (crop grown for profit)
30Tobacco Helps Jamestown Grow England King James did not approve of tobaccoHe called smoking “Harmful to the nose, harmful to the brain, dangerous to the lungs.”His opposition did not stop Virginians from growing it1000’s of English indentured servants came to JamestownIndentured servant ~ agreed to work for someone for a certain length of time in exchange for the cost of an ocean voyage to N. America
31Tobacco Helps Jamestown Grow Many indentured servants died from disease, overwork, and mistreatment from their masters1619, another group came to Jamestown. A Dutch ship brought Africans who were sold as servants and later released to start their own plantationsAfricans brought to Virginia would later be enslaved
32Self-Government in Virginia The Virginia Company of London continued to attract settlers to their colonyDeclared settlers of Virginia should have “such a form of government… as may be to the greatest benefit and comfort of the people.”House of Burgesses ~ In July 30, 1619 the 1st law-making assembly in an English colony metThis helped establish the tradition of self-government in the colonies
33Lesson 1 Review:Fill in the diagram for question #1 comparing and contrasting these details about Roanoke and Jamestown:Why did some English leaders want to build colonies in North AmericaHow did John Smith help the Jamestown colonyHow did tobacco help Jamestown grow
34Lesson 1 Review: English wanted to find gold and other resources Organized by Walter RaleighLed by John WhitePeople disappearedOrganized by Virginia CompanyJohn Smith became leaderTobacco helped colony survive1.English wanted to find gold and other resources
35Lesson 1 Review:2. Why did England want to begin a colony on North American eastern shore?
36Lesson 2 Review:2. Why did England want to begin a colony on North American eastern shore?To find gold and other natural resources; to keep Spain from claiming all of North America
37How did England defeat the Spanish Armada in 1588? Lesson 2 Review:How did England defeat the Spanish Armada in 1588?
38How did England defeat the Spanish Armada in 1588? Lesson 2 Review:How did England defeat the Spanish Armada in 1588?It’s small, quick ships had powerful guns
394. Why did Jamestown almost fall? How was it able to survive? Lesson 2 Review:4. Why did Jamestown almost fall? How was it able to survive?
40Lesson 2 Review:4. Why did Jamestown almost fall? How was it able to survive?The colonist were too busy looking for gold to support themselves: John Smith became the colon’s leader and made the colonist work toward survival
41Lesson 2 Review:5. Do you think the House of Burgesses was the best type of government for the Jamestown colony? Why or why not?
42Lesson 2 Review:5. Do you think the House of Burgesses was the best type of government for the Jamestown colony? Why or why not?Possible Answer: Yes, because members were chosen to represent each district of Jamestown
43Review: the Lost Colony QUESTION:ANSWER::Colonist on Roanoke Island struggled. John White returned to England for more supplies after they ran out, but war with Spain was raging. Upon arriving, the colony was deserted. What were possible reasons for this?
44Review: the Lost Colony QUESTION:ANSWER::Colonist on Roanoke Island struggled. John White returned to England for more supplies after they ran out, but war with Spain was raging. Upon arriving, the colony was deserted. What were possible reasons for this?(1) May have been captured by Spanish soldiers(2) May have died in battles with Indians(3) May have, while starving, moved south to live with Croatoan people and have been assimilated
45What were three reasons why England wanted to colonize North America? Exit ticket!What were three reasons why England wanted to colonize North America?