Presentation on theme: "American Revolutionary War Unit"— Presentation transcript:
1American Revolutionary War Unit From Protest to WarAmerican Revolutionary War Unit
2French & Indian War Description/Explanation Impact/Significance War for dominance in North American continentFrench, English, SpainFrance held lands west of Appalachian Mts and in CanadaBritish won!Britain gains territory, especially west of Appalachian Mts.Britain is in Debt!
3Proclamation of 1763 Description/Explanation Impact/Significance Britain denies colonists right to settled beyond the Appalachian Mts.Lands for Native Americans insteadColonists protest!Colonists lose investments in lands to the west of the mountains
4Sugar Act Description/Explanation Impact/Significance Enforced and extended duty (tax) on sugar, molassesColonists protest!Making rum is more expensiveWill lay the ground for further protest with the Stamp Act
5Navigation Acts Description/Explanation Impact/Significance British enforced Navigation Acts:Use of English ships, ports for trade from coloniesColonists protest!Difficult to smuggle goodsEventually raises issues of:Standing Army in the coloniesWrits of Assistance
6Salutary Neglect Description/Explanation Impact/Significance Define salutaryBritain ignored its colonies, but the colonies were happy to handle certain government issues for themselvesColonies were used to some level of self- governmentDifficult for Britain to enforce rules now that had not been enforced for years
7Stamp Act Description/Explanation Impact/Significance Duty (tax) on paper goods by British ParliamentColonists protest!Taxation without representationUnifies colonists against the British government’s actsSons of Liberty formedPatrick Henry’s Treason Speech
8ProtestHow has protest changed among the colonists since the end of the French and Indian War?(Hint: How did colonists protest against the Proclamation of 1763, the Sugar Act, and the Navigation Acts? What did the protest look like for the Stamp Act?)
9Boston Massacre Description/Explanation Impact/Significance Colonists provoke and attack British soldiers in BostonThrow rocks, ice ballsBritish soldiers fire on mobKill colonistsPropaganda for colonial leaders
10Boston Tea Party Description/Explanation Impact/Significance Britain helped out the East India Co. by giving them a monopoly on the importation of tea to the coloniesBritain put a duty on this teaPrice of tea actually lower than what colonists were payingColonists still protest against taxation without representationProtest against avoiding the middle man—the colonial shopkeeperDestruction of tea by dumping cargo into the sea
11Boston Tea Party Description/Explanation Impact/Significance Britain imposes the Coercive ActsIt closes the port of BostonColonists must pay for destroyed teaColonists protest by calling them the Intolerable ActsForm the First Continental Congress
12First Continental Congress Description/ExplanationImpact/SignificanceFormed by ColonistsAim: To work together to have Parliament rescind the Intolerable ActsBoycotting English importsOpen CommunicationColonies unite against common cause
13Patrick Henry Description/Explanation Impact/Significance “Give me liberty or give me death” speechLeads colonists towards idea of independence from Britain
14Lexington and Concord Description/Explanation Impact/Significance Skirmish between colonists, minutemen, and British Regulars (Redcoats)Shot heard round the worldStart of American Revolutionary War
15Warm up: Oct. 25What is meant by the phrase “the shot heard round the world”?Put the following in order, beginning with the earliest event first.Coersive ActsProclamation of 1763Boston Tea PartyStamp Act
16Thomas Paine Description/Explanation Impact/Significance Wrote Common SenseProvides colonists with a logical reason for independence from BritainPamphlet lists grievances against Britain—basis for those adopted in Declaration of Independence
17Thomas Paine Read the excerpt provided from Common Sense. What passages are particularly persuasive? Why?What are two arguments Paine makes for independence?
18Richard Henry Lee Description/Explanation Impact/Significance “These United colonies are, and of a right ought to be, free and independent states.”Convinces enough delegates to sign the Declaration of Independence
19John Locke Description/Explanation Impact/Significance Enlightenment PhilosopherRemember, Locke’s ideas were very radical for the timeHis ideas greatly influenced the ideas of gov’t in AmericaIdeas about sovereignty and rights of the people challenged the prevailing ideas about the power (dictatorial rule) of kings, emperors, and other tribal chieftains
20John LockeAll people are free, equal and have “natural rights” to life, liberty, and property that rulers cannot take awayWhere does this idea almost exactly appear in an American document?
21John Locke All original power resides in the people They consent to enter into a “social contract” among themselves to form a gov’t to protect their rightsIn return, the people will obey the laws and rules established by that gov’tThis establishes a system of “ordered liberty”
22John LockeExplain how the social contract theory establishes “ordered liberty.”(How is gov’t still ordered, or regulated? How do people still retain their liberties among such laws?)
23John LockeGovernment’s powers are limited to those the people have consented to give itWhenever gov’t becomes a threat to the people’s natural rights, it breaks the social contractThen, the people have the right to alter or overthrow it.
24John LockeHow is the previous idea reflected in the Declaration of Indedependence?
25John LockeRemember, Locke is not a contemporary of the this time period—the American Revolutionary WarHe is not alive at this time
26Declaration of Independence AuthorsThomas Jefferson,(main author)Ben Franklin,John Adams,Robert Livingston,Roger Sherman
27Declaration of Independence “We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable Rights, that among these are Life, Liberty, and the pursuit of Happiness.”Influenced by John Locke
28Declaration of Independence “That to secure these rights, Governments are instituted among Men, deriving their just powers from the consent of the governed,“That whenever any Form of Government becomes destructive of these ends, it is the Right of the People to alter or abolish it, and to institute new Government…”Influenced by John Locke