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From Protest to War. French & Indian War Description/ExplanationImpact/Significance  War for dominance in North American continent  French, English,

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Presentation on theme: "From Protest to War. French & Indian War Description/ExplanationImpact/Significance  War for dominance in North American continent  French, English,"— Presentation transcript:

1 From Protest to War

2 French & Indian War Description/ExplanationImpact/Significance  War for dominance in North American continent  French, English, Spain  France held lands west of Appalachian Mts and in Canada  British won!  Britain gains territory, especially west of Appalachian Mts.  Britain is in Debt!

3 Proclamation of 1763 Description/ExplanationImpact/Significance  Britain denies colonists right to settled beyond the Appalachian Mts.  Lands for Native Americans instead  Colonists protest!  Colonists lose investments in lands to the west of the mountains

4 Sugar Act Description/ExplanationImpact/Significance  Enforced and extended duty (tax) on sugar, molasses  Colonists protest!  Making rum is more expensive  Will lay the ground for further protest with the Stamp Act

5 Navigation Acts Description/ExplanationImpact/Significance  British enforced Navigation Acts:  Use of English ships, ports for trade from colonies  Colonists protest!  Difficult to smuggle goods  Eventually raises issues of:  Standing Army in the colonies  Writs of Assistance

6 Salutary Neglect Description/ExplanationImpact/Significance  Define salutary  Britain ignored its colonies, but the colonies were happy to handle certain government issues for themselves  Colonies were used to some level of self- government  Difficult for Britain to enforce rules now that had not been enforced for years

7 Stamp Act Description/ExplanationImpact/Significance  Duty (tax) on paper goods by British Parliament  Colonists protest!  Taxation without representation  Unifies colonists against the British government’s acts  Sons of Liberty formed  Patrick Henry’s Treason Speech

8 Protest  How has protest changed among the colonists since the end of the French and Indian War? (Hint: How did colonists protest against the Proclamation of 1763, the Sugar Act, and the Navigation Acts? What did the protest look like for the Stamp Act?)

9 Boston Massacre Description/ExplanationImpact/Significance  Colonists provoke and attack British soldiers in Boston  Throw rocks, ice balls  British soldiers fire on mob British soldiers fire on mob  Kill colonists  Propaganda for colonial leaders

10 Boston Tea Party Description/ExplanationImpact/Significance  Britain helped out the East India Co. by giving them a monopoly on the importation of tea to the colonies  Britain put a duty on this tea  Price of tea actually lower than what colonists were paying  Colonists still protest against taxation without representation  Protest against avoiding the middle man—the colonial shopkeeper  Destruction of tea by dumping cargo into the sea

11 Boston Tea Party Description/ExplanationImpact/Significance  Britain imposes the Coercive Acts  It closes the port of Boston  Colonists must pay for destroyed tea  Colonists protest by calling them the Intolerable Acts  Form the First Continental Congress

12 First Continental Congress Description/ExplanationImpact/Significance  Formed by Colonists  Aim: To work together to have Parliament rescind the Intolerable Acts  Boycotting English imports  Open Communication  Colonies unite against common cause

13 Patrick Henry Description/ExplanationImpact/Significance  “Give me liberty or give me death” speech  Leads colonists towards idea of independence from Britain

14 Lexington and Concord Description/ExplanationImpact/Significance  Skirmish between colonists, minutemen, and British Regulars (Redcoats)  Shot heard round the world  Start of American Revolutionary War

15 Warm up: Oct. 25  What is meant by the phrase “the shot heard round the world”?  Put the following in order, beginning with the earliest event first.  Coersive Acts  Proclamation of 1763  Boston Tea Party  Stamp Act

16 Thomas Paine Description/ExplanationImpact/Significance  Wrote Common Sense  Provides colonists with a logical reason for independence from Britain  Pamphlet lists grievances against Britain—basis for those adopted in Declaration of Independence

17 Thomas Paine  Read the excerpt provided from Common Sense.  What passages are particularly persuasive? Why?  What are two arguments Paine makes for independence?

18 Richard Henry Lee Description/ExplanationImpact/Significance  “These United colonies are, and of a right ought to be, free and independent states.”  Convinces enough delegates to sign the Declaration of Independence

19 John Locke Description/ExplanationImpact/Significance  Enlightenment Philosopher  Remember, Locke’s ideas were very radical for the time  His ideas greatly influenced the ideas of gov’t in America  Ideas about sovereignty and rights of the people challenged the prevailing ideas about the power (dictatorial rule) of kings, emperors, and other tribal chieftains

20 John Locke  All people are free, equal and have “natural rights” to life, liberty, and property that rulers cannot take away  Where does this idea almost exactly appear in an American document?

21 John Locke  All original power resides in the people  They consent to enter into a “social contract” among themselves to form a gov’t to protect their rights  In return, the people will obey the laws and rules established by that gov’t  This establishes a system of “ordered liberty”

22 John Locke  Explain how the social contract theory establishes “ordered liberty.”  (How is gov’t still ordered, or regulated? How do people still retain their liberties among such laws?)

23 John Locke  Government’s powers are limited to those the people have consented to give it  Whenever gov’t becomes a threat to the people’s natural rights, it breaks the social contract  Then, the people have the right to alter or overthrow it.

24 John Locke  How is the previous idea reflected in the Declaration of Indedependence?

25 John Locke  Remember, Locke is not a contemporary of the this time period—the American Revolutionary War  He is not alive at this time

26 Declaration of Independence Authors  Thomas Jefferson, (main author)  Ben Franklin,  John Adams,  Robert Livingston,  Roger Sherman

27 Declaration of Independence  “We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable Rights, that among these are Life, Liberty, and the pursuit of Happiness.”  Influenced by John Locke

28 Declaration of Independence  “That to secure these rights, Governments are instituted among Men, deriving their just powers from the consent of the governed,  “That whenever any Form of Government becomes destructive of these ends, it is the Right of the People to alter or abolish it, and to institute new Government…”  Influenced by John Locke

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