Presentation on theme: "Warm Up answer the following in a complete sentence that restates the question- Use the Chart in your buckets to answer the questions: 1. What is the."— Presentation transcript:
Warm Up answer the following in a complete sentence that restates the question- Use the Chart in your buckets to answer the questions: 1. What is the Dunlap Broadsides (156)? 2.What is another name for the French and Indian War? It is really the “first” World War. Agenda: -War in Ga -Test Thurs. Class Instructions: 1.Managers get folder.. 2.Supply managers get buckets 13th
The Revolutionary War in Georgia: At the start of the Revolutionary War, Georgia was divided into two groups: - Most citizens of Georgia were Tories (also called Loyalists, because they were loyal to King George III).Many agreed to fight in the British Army. * It may help you remember the Whigs from the Tories if you think …..LOYAL to the ROYAL
. The Revolutionary War in Georgia: At the start of the Revolutionary War, Georgia was divided into two factions: - A smaller group of colonists became Whigs (also known as Patriots); they wanted independence from Great Britain. * It may help you remember the Whigs from the Tories if you think of American Whig & General, George Washington, who famously wore a wig.
The Revolutionary War in Georgia: - Most Georgia Loyalists lived along the coast, in or around Savannah. They were wealthy and benefited from their trade relationship with England.
The Revolutionary War in Georgia: - Most Georgia Patriots lived in Georgia ’ s frontier backcountry (also called the upcountry). They tended to rely on themselves and did not want to be bothered by the government. This division of territories and patriots and loyalties created “two” Georgia’s during the war.
Read the description for each colonist carefully and decide if that person would be a loyalist or patriot. Be careful, though. If you choose the wrong answer, you’ll be taken back to the initial screen, and you’ll have to start over! HAVE FUN! Click here to go back and get started.
PatriotLoyalist Colonist A Colonist A is a poor farmer in the Hudson Valley of New York. Colonist A has paid no attention to the trouble brewing in the colonies. His day to day struggle to maintain his farm and family is what worries him. His problems have recently become worse; his landowner, a Loyalist, has had some financial troubles and to get himself out of his enormous debts, his landowner raised Colonist A’s rent three times in the last five months. Colonist A barely earns enough from selling his crops to pay the original rent amount and now with the raise in the rent, Colonist A will be evicted from his farm. He and his wife have six children and fear they will have no where to go if they are forced to leave the farm.
PatriotLoyalist Colonist B Colonist B is a wealthy woman from New York City. Her husband’s business earns tremendous wealth and honor for the family. She frequently claims to be related to several members of the House of Lords in the British Parliament. She worries about the amount of violence being committed by mobs of men called the Sons of Liberty. She and her husband fear that their wealth and their connections to Britain may cause them to be targets of the mob.
Colonist C Colonist C is a wealthy tea merchant in Boston. Colonist C’s goal in life is to make money and he doesn’t care if he violates the law. Since the Townshend Acts placed a tax on tea, Colonist C has been illegally importing tea from the Dutch. His ships frequently have to hide from the British navy and British customs officials who can board his ships whenever they please. Recently he was caught smuggling in tea, but fortunately he was able to buy off the official with a large sum of money. Friends have informed Colonist C that the Royal Governor of Massachusetts has issued an arrest warrant for Colonist C, and friends advise him to go into hiding. Loyalist Patriot
Loyalist Colonist D Colonist D is a merchant from rural Virginia. He follows the British laws and sells all of his goods, mainly tobacco to the British. Colonist D’s lifestyle is extravagant and spends large amounts of his money purchasing the finest clothes and furnishings from Europe. As a young boy, his father sent him to study in Britain and he hopes that next year, he too will send his son to Britain, the only place in his mind one can get a decent education. Due to his rich lifestyle, Colonist D is in heavy debt with several British banks. He fears that the people he owes money to will foreclose his property.
Loyalist Patriot Colonist E Colonist E is a merchant in New York City. His business imports many products from Europe, especially Britain. Colonist E has secretly grown concerned over the recent talk of independence from Britain. He fears an independent America could not protect his ships at sea; the British navy escorts colonial ships as they cross the Atlantic to protect the ships from pirates or foreign ships wanting to steal goods. Since the Townshend Acts, the Sons of Liberty have been bullying storeowners into removing British goods from their shelves. A store owner friend of his was badly beaten up by a mob of Son’s of Liberty for selling British products. Since hearing of his friend’s attack, Colonist E has participated with the boycotts.
After your quiz Put your answer sheet and quiz on the front table Take the notes sheet. Read pages 155 (starting with the section titled “Political Change”) – page 165
Standard (SS8H3b) – The student will analyze the significance of people and events in Georgia on the Revolutionary War; include Loyalists, Patriots, Elijah Clarke, Austin Dabney, Nancy Hart, Button Gwinnett, Lyman Hall, George Walton, the Battle of Kettle Creek, and the Siege of Savannah. SS8H3 – The student will analyze the role of Georgia in the American Revolution.
Fighting Begins in Georgia - The first major fighting in the South took place in the December 1778 when the British defeated the Patriots at Savannah making Georgia the only colony to be officially retaken by the British during the war. - By January 1779, the British had also captured Augusta, Georgia ’ s only other major city.
. The Revolutionary War in Georgia: - Sir James Wright was restored as Royal Governor of Georgia and efforts were made to hunt down Georgia colonists who had supported the Whigs.
The Revolutionary War in Georgia: The fight appeared to be lost for Georgia ’ s Patriots… …UNTIL…
The Revolutionary War in Georgia: The Battle of Kettle -Took place on February 14, 1779 -The Georgia militia, led by Elijah Clarke marched to meet the 600 British and loyalist troops camped at Kettle Creek in a surprise attack -Though out numbered, the patriots brought a much needed victory.
The Revolutionary War in Georgia: The Battle of Kettle Creek -This forced the British to withdraw from Augusta and prevented the British from gaining control of the back country -Raised morale of Georgia patriots and gave them needed supplies. … but things were soon to take a turn for the worse …
The Revolutionary War in Georgia: The Siege of Savannah - October 1779- American and French troops attack Savannah in hopes of retaking the city. - They attack was a failure and very little damage was done to the British military and Savannah stayed in British control until 1782.
The Revolutionary War in Georgia: The Siege of Savannah - The attack on Savannah was the second bloodiest battle of the Revolutionary War: 800 allied troops were killed compared to 18 British - The most famous casualty of the battle was a Polish soldier who had come to fight for the colonists, Count Casimir Pulaski.Both Pulaski County and Fort Pulaski are named in his honor.
The Revolutionary War in Georgia: The End of the War -After the failed attack on Savannah, the Patriots and Loyalists continued to fight each other. -By 1781, the tide turned against the British, and the Patriots recaptured Augusta. -The following year, the British were forced to withdraw from Savannah.
The Revolutionary War in Georgia: The End of the War - In 1781, General George Washington defeated the largest British Army in America, commanded by Lord Cornwallis, at the Battle of Yorktown.
The Revolutionary War in Georgia : The End of the War - Great Britain and America signed the Treaty of Paris of 1783, recognizing the independence of the thirteen American States. Video * Unfortunately for Georgia, the Treaty of Paris of 1783 once again gave Spain possession of Florida.
Georgia ’ s Revolutionary War Heroes : Georgia had many notable soldiers and statesmen who fought for the cause of Independence 1. Elijah Clarke - The hero of the Battle of Kettle Creek While the Patriots were struggling to keep their hopes alive, Clarke led small groups through the Carolina frontier to attack the British with guerilla tactics. - In 1781, Clarke returned to Georgia from Carolina and helped the Patriots regain control of Augusta
Georgia ’ s Revolutionary War Heroes: 2. Austin Dabney -A slave who joined the Whigs -The only black Whig soldier at the Battle of Kettle Creek -Seriously wounded at Kettle Creek, Dabney was cared for by Giles Harris, a white friend -Granted his freedom by the government of Georgia in 1786 -Chose to work for Giles Harris ’ family for the rest of his life
Georgia ' s Revolutionary War Heroes: 3. Nancy Hart -A six-foot tall, red head known as the Wauhatchie War Woman -According to legend, served as a Whig spy at Kettle Creek -Killed possibly six invading British soldiers after getting them drunk on wine when they demanded she cook for them - Today, Hart County is the only County in Georgia named after a woman * In 1912, railroad workers who were working near the Hart homestead came across the graves of six skeletons!!!
Georgia ’ s Revolutionary War Heroes: 6. George Walton FASCINATING FACT!!! In 1791, President Washington visited Augusta, GA (the new capital of Georgia). While there, he visited the home of George Walton (though the two did NOT get along). Sadly, on the trip, the favorite dog of Washington, a greyhound named Cornwallis, died and is still buried somewhere in downtown Augusta!!!
E Lesson Two (SS8H3b) – The student will analyze the significance of people and events in Georgia on the Revolutionary War; include Loyalists, Patriots, Elijah Clarke, Austin Dabney, Nancy Hart, Button Gwinnett, Lyman Hall, George Walton, the Battle of Kettle Creek, and the Siege of Savannah. What do you remember about… the Revolutionary War in Georgia??? 1.Whig Commander and hero of Kettle CreekA. Whig 2.2 nd bloodiest battle of the Revolutionary WarB. Backcountry G H 3. The 6 ft. tall, red headed Wauhatchie War Woman C. Button Gwinnett I 4. Youngest member of the 2 nd Continental Congress D. ToryD. Tory B5. Frontier area of Georgia where Whigs mostly livedE. Savannah F 6. Slave who fought for the Whigs at Kettle CreekF. Austin Dabney C7. Declaration signer who was later killed in a duelG. Elijah Clarke D 8. Colonists who were Loyal to the King of EnglandH. Nancy Hart A9. Colonists who supported independenceI. George Walton SS8H3 – The student will analyze the role of Georgia in the American Revolution.
ENDURING UNDERSTANDINGS: Conflict between or within societies produces change.Prior to the Revolutionary War, Georgia enjoyed a wealthy trade partnership with England, as well as the benefits of English friendship with the Native Americans. What changes in Georgia society do you think will occur as a result ofthe Revolutionary War? SS8H2 – The student will analyze the colonial period of Georgia ’ s history.
What do you remember about… the French and Indian War??? True OR False 1.Spain was England ’ s biggest rival for dominance in North America. 2.All of the Indians sided with France during the French & Indian War. 3.Florida became English territory as a result of the French & Indian War. 4.France won the French & Indian War. 5.The treaty ending the war was the Treaty of Paris of 1763. 6.In Europe, the French & Indian War was called the Ten Years War. 7.The British allowed France to keep some of its North American colonies. 8.At the end of the French & Indian War, Britain paid off all of the national debt. 32