Presentation on theme: "Warm Up #2 Imagine that for the first month of school no rules were enforced and you could essentially do whatever you wanted to on campus. Teachers had."— Presentation transcript:
Warm Up #2 Imagine that for the first month of school no rules were enforced and you could essentially do whatever you wanted to on campus. Teachers had rules posted in their classrooms and on their syllabus, but they never actually enforced any of the rules. On October 1 st every student was forced to attend a discipline assembly. From that day forward all CMS policies and teacher made rules were to be enforced and any rule breakers were severely punished. How would the students of NWSA react to the enforcement of rules after being allowed to ignore them completely for over a month? Do you think that students would be more or less likely to follow the rules if they had been established from the beginning? Why?
Growing Tension Colonist Growing Resentment Towards Great Britain Unit 1 Day 1
1. The Navigation Acts 1651 Under the concept of mercantilism, Great Britain enacted the Navigation Acts Colonies were only permitted to trade with GB Rules were not strictly enforced until 1763 Mercantilism: economic system used by GB in order to have more exports than imports. Used the colonies as a source of raw materials in order to make finished goods to export. Enforced trade sanctions in order to create favorable trade.
2. The French & Indian War The British waged war against France over territory in North America. 20,000 Colonist fought. Tension between enlisted colonist soldiers and British Soldiers Majority of colonist against the war Unified colonist GB was in massive debt from the war Series of taxes were imposed on the colonist in order to pay down GB’s debt
3. Proclamation of 1763 Prohibited settlement beyond the Appalachian Mnts. Attempt to appease Native Americans Colonist taxed to pay for war debt. Angered colonist b/c they went to war for this land & were banned from using it.
4. Salutary Neglect Salutary Neglect- GB created rules (Navigation Acts) but rarely enforced them. Colonist operated somewhat independently from GB. Set up their own colonial gov. GB realized FRA’s presence in NA would lead to conflict. Want to keep colonist content by not enforcing the majority of the rules (Navigation Acts). In 1763( After the war) GB started enforcing these rules from the Navigation Acts, imposed taxes, and enforced more British laws. Angered the colonist
5. Series of Acts w/ No Representation Stamp Act required colonist to attach expensive tax stamps to all newspapers and legal documents. Boycott British goods Stamp Act Congress- 9 of 13 colonies sent reps./ sent letter to King George III/ British Parliament repealed Stamp Act Sugar Act Quartering Act- colonist had to provide barracks and supplies to British troops Declaratory Act- Parliament had the right to tax and make decisions for American colonies “in all cases” Townshend Acts- search warrants that enabled customs officers to enter any location to look for smuggling.
The Boston Massacre March 5, 1770 The Boston Massacre 5 colonist killed in a skirmish with British soldiers Event was exaggerated and depicted as a “massacre” News traveled fast throughout the colonies Brought colonist together against GB
No Taxation without Representation!!! Colonist resentful of new taxes and laws and felt that Great Britain had no right to tax them. GB repeals most of taxes and adds the Tea Act Actually lowered tax on tea, but kept an existing tax. Colonist felt it was a slap in the face. Wanted self gov. Led to Boston Tea Party in December of 1773Boston Tea Party in December of 1773 $1 million in damages in current money
Intolerable Acts Result of Boston Tea Party. Restricted colonist civil liberties. Colonist felt these were the worst acts yet. Impartial Administration of Justice Act, allowed the royal governor of a colony to move trials to other colonies or even to England if he feared that juries in those colonies wouldn't judge a case fairly Massachusetts Bay Regulating Act made all law officers subject to appointment by the royal governor and banned all town meetings that didn't have approval of the royal governor Boston Port Act, which closed the port of Boston until the price of the dumped tea was recovered, moved the capital of Massachusetts to Salem, and made Marblehead the official port of entry for the Massachusetts colony.