Presentation on theme: "The Beginnings of the Constitution Part 2. New World Settlements 1565 – St. Augustine Florida – 1 st Permanent Settlement in what is today the U.S. (Spanish)"— Presentation transcript:
The Beginnings of the Constitution Part 2
New World Settlements 1565 – St. Augustine Florida – 1 st Permanent Settlement in what is today the U.S. (Spanish) 1587 – Roanoke Island – 117 people all disappeared. (Croatoan) 1607 – Jamestown Virginia – Founded as an economic venture under the economic system of Mercantilism (Eco system designed to benefit the parent country) England. ◦ It was a charter colony given by James I. A charter is a written grant of authority from the king. ◦ Jamestown was 1 st permanent English colony in the U.S.
New World Settlements 1620 – Plymouth Massachusetts. Founded by pilgrims who had a charter to settle at Jamestown. Known as Separatist, they thought they were outside the king’s jurisdiction. ◦ Went to Leyden in Netherlands first.
New World Settlements The Colonial Period Lasted about 125 years (1607 Jamestown to 1733 Georgia). They came for 3 reasons. ◦ Land ◦ Gold ◦ Religion
Colonist Concepts of Government Ordered Government (structure, governor, sheriff, etc. Limited Government – Magna Carta, English Bill of Rights Representative Government – Elect representatives to make laws. ◦ Unicameral – 1 House ◦ Bicameral – 2 Houses (Parliament had 2 houses)
3 Types of Colonies Royal Colonies – Subject to direct control of king. (8) N.H., Mass, N.Y., N.J., Virginia, N.C., S.C., and GA Proprietary Colonies – Land grants given to a proprietor who governed the colony. (Pennsylvania – William Penn) King owed his father money Charter Colonies – Land grants given to groups, largely self governing. (Conn. R.I.)
The Beginning of the Differences Between the Colonist and England 1754 – French and Indian War ◦ 1. The king refused to let colonist settle the land. ◦ 2. The Colonies were taxed to help pay for the war. ◦ 3. The Colonist were not born in England – Albany Plan of Union – Proposed by Ben Franklin intended self control for the colonies. (1 st time we know this was suggested)
The Beginning of the Differences Between the Colonist and England 1760 – King George III comes to power. ◦ Restricted Trade ◦ Taxed the Colonist 1765 – Stamp Act – Tax on legal documents. ◦ Wills, Marriage Papers, Newspapers, Cards ◦ Existed in England before but not Colonies ◦ Colonist Boycotted (refused to buy) hurt trade and it was repealed by British. ◦ NO TAXATION WITHOUT REPRESENTATION
The Beginning of the Differences Between the Colonist and England 1770 – Boston Massacre – 5 people killed but was used by colonist as propaganda – Boston Tea Party – Protest against Tea Act. Made Tea Cheaper by allowing British East India Company to sell directly to Colonist – Intolerable Acts – Punished Boston by shutting down the port, allowed town meetings only once a year, forced colonist to house British Troops, forced some trials to be in England rather than colonies – The 1 st Continental Congress – attempt by colonist to unite against intolerable acts – Battle of Lexington – Revolution Begins 1775 – The 2 nd Continental Congress – 1 st Government for colonies. Lasted from July 4, 1776 to March 1 st John Hancock is President – Declaration of Independence – A letter to King George III stating grievances and the use of the Term “United States of America”.