2 A. Event leads to American Revolution (1776-1781) B. Last of series of four wars between Fr/G.B.Last and final conflict » only 1 fought N.A.At stake - each’s colonial territory in New World (North America) » Not New SpainOwnership: Britain Atlantic coast » Appalachian Mts./France App. Mts » Rockies » Canada to Gulf (whole mid section North America)
3 C. Causes Fishing Rights: Huge $/North coast of N.A. Timber: Lumber » building material of choice - Europe Fur: pelts = $ (warmth in Europe)Political rivals = land = size = powerReligious differences = Fr. = hated ProtestantismBoundary Issues: Where did each colonial possession stop/start?
4 D. Phase I:French with Allies (Iroquois » feared) repeatedly defeat British with Allies (Algonquin » more peaceful)most fighting = New York colonies and CanadaImportant Battle » AmbushBritish general Braddock heading to Fort McHenry (Near Albany, NY)ArrogantFought European styleWore British uniforms (Redcoats)
5 French use North American techniques Guerilla warfare techniquesStage ambushResult: Braddock & many troops dead mass chaos Few escape under young Lt. Colonel: G. Washington
6 E. Phase II - Turning Point New P. Minister: William Pitt (Pittsburgh, Pa.)“All or Nothing”Threw $, supplies, men into conflictBritish began winning *France’s land here too big to coordinate »Only Catholics could come over and settle (mistake)
7 Battle of QuebecSeptember Quebec Capital of New France (take capital = take all!)Commanders: Britain: Wolfe Fr: MontcalmStory of “Cliffs”Battle of “Plains of Abraham” hours long 2. Both young commanders mortally wounded 3. French defeated: 1763 (Done as N.A. Colonial Power) a) “Cajun”
8 F. Effects of 7 Years War Treaty 1763 - “Treaty of Paris” France lost 90% of N.A. New World territoryBritain in Greatest European PowerNew Problems:How rule that large area?How pay for the war?
9 SolutionsTax Colonists: fought on their land/now they could expand over Appalachian Mts.Colonial reaction1st real problem w/ Crown » “You said you’d let us cross with protection”Crown: “Sorry, no more $ - cross at own risk!”Proclamation Line 1963*Leads to war!
10 Effects of 7 Years War A. Treaty not signed until 1963 B. New Problems Treaty of ParisFrance lost 90% of New World possessionsCajun peopleBritain greatest European powerB. New ProblemsHow rule large area?$ to pay for war?
11 C. SolutionsTax colonies » Colonist could now cross Appalachians » Spread WestDon’t follow up on promise to protect colonist if they cross App. Mts.#2 angers Colonists = reason why fought1st real grievance against Mother CountryCalled “Proclamation Line 1763” a. Beginning of problems - lead to war