Presentation on theme: "7 Years War (French and Indian War). A. Event leads to American Revolution (1776- 1781) A. Event leads to American Revolution (1776- 1781) B. Last of."— Presentation transcript:
7 Years War (French and Indian War)
A. Event leads to American Revolution ( ) A. Event leads to American Revolution ( ) B. Last of series of four wars between Fr/G.B. B. Last of series of four wars between Fr/G.B. 1. Last and final conflict » only 1 fought N.A. 2. At stake - each’s colonial territory in New World (North America) » Not New Spain 3. Ownership: Britain Atlantic coast » Appalachian Mts./France App. Mts » Rockies » Canada to Gulf (whole mid section North America)
C. Causes C. Causes 1) Fishing Rights: Huge $/North coast of N.A. 2) Timber: Lumber » building material of choice - Europe Fur: pelts = $ (warmth in Europe) 3) Political rivals = land = size = power 4) Religious differences = Fr. = hated Protestantism 5) Boundary Issues: Where did each colonial possession stop/start?
D. Phase I: D. Phase I: ) French with Allies (Iroquois » feared) repeatedly defeat British with Allies (Algonquin » more peaceful) a) most fighting = New York colonies and Canada 2) Important Battle » Ambush a) British general Braddock heading to Fort McHenry (Near Albany, NY) 1. Arrogant 2. Fought European style 3. Wore British uniforms (Redcoats)
b) French use North American techniques 1. Guerilla warfare techniques 2. Stage ambush c) Result: Braddock & many troops dead mass chaos Few escape under young Lt. Colonel: G. Washington
E. Phase II - Turning Point E. Phase II - Turning Point 1) New P. Minister: William Pitt (Pittsburgh, Pa.) 2) “All or Nothing” 3) Threw $, supplies, men into conflict 4) British began winning *France’s land here too big to coordinate »Only Catholics could come over and settle (mistake)
5) Battle of Quebec a) September Quebec Capital of New France (take capital = take all!) b) Commanders: Britain: Wolfe Fr: Montcalm c) Story of “Cliffs” d) Battle of “Plains of Abraham” 1. 2 hours long 2. Both young commanders mortally wounded 3. French defeated: 1763 (Done as N.A. Colonial Power) a) “Cajun”
F. Effects of 7 Years War F. Effects of 7 Years War 1. Treaty “Treaty of Paris” 2. France lost 90% of N.A. New World territory 3. Britain in Greatest European Power a) New Problems: 1) How rule that large area? 2) How pay for the war?
a. Solutions i. Tax Colonists: fought on their land/now they could expand over Appalachian Mts. b. Colonial reaction i. 1st real problem w/ Crown » “You said you’d let us cross with protection” ii. Crown: “Sorry, no more $ - cross at own risk!” iii. Proclamation Line 1963 *Leads to war!
Effects of 7 Years War A. Treaty not signed until 1963 A. Treaty not signed until ) Treaty of Paris 2) France lost 90% of New World possessions 3) Cajun people 4) Britain greatest European power B. New Problems B. New Problems 1) How rule large area? 2) $ to pay for war?
C. Solutions C. Solutions 1) Tax colonies » Colonist could now cross Appalachians » Spread West 2) Don’t follow up on promise to protect colonist if they cross App. Mts. a) #2 angers Colonists = reason why fought 1) 1st real grievance against Mother Country 2) Called “Proclamation Line 1763” a. Beginning of problems - lead to war