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7 Years War (French and Indian War). A. Event leads to American Revolution (1776- 1781) A. Event leads to American Revolution (1776- 1781) B. Last of.

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Presentation on theme: "7 Years War (French and Indian War). A. Event leads to American Revolution (1776- 1781) A. Event leads to American Revolution (1776- 1781) B. Last of."— Presentation transcript:

1 7 Years War (French and Indian War)

2 A. Event leads to American Revolution (1776- 1781) A. Event leads to American Revolution (1776- 1781) B. Last of series of four wars between Fr/G.B. B. Last of series of four wars between Fr/G.B. 1. Last and final conflict » only 1 fought N.A. 2. At stake - each’s colonial territory in New World (North America) » Not New Spain 3. Ownership: Britain Atlantic coast » Appalachian Mts./France App. Mts » Rockies » Canada to Gulf (whole mid section North America)

3 C. Causes C. Causes 1) Fishing Rights: Huge $/North coast of N.A. 2) Timber: Lumber » building material of choice - Europe Fur: pelts = $ (warmth in Europe) 3) Political rivals = land = size = power 4) Religious differences = Fr. = hated Protestantism 5) Boundary Issues: Where did each colonial possession stop/start?

4 D. Phase I: 1756-1762 D. Phase I: 1756-1762 1) French with Allies (Iroquois » feared) repeatedly defeat British with Allies (Algonquin » more peaceful) a) most fighting = New York colonies and Canada 2) Important Battle » Ambush a) British general Braddock heading to Fort McHenry (Near Albany, NY) 1. Arrogant 2. Fought European style 3. Wore British uniforms (Redcoats)

5 b) French use North American techniques 1. Guerilla warfare techniques 2. Stage ambush c) Result: Braddock & many troops dead mass chaos Few escape under young Lt. Colonel: G. Washington

6 E. Phase II - Turning Point E. Phase II - Turning Point 1) New P. Minister: William Pitt (Pittsburgh, Pa.) 2) “All or Nothing” 3) Threw $, supplies, men into conflict 4) British began winning *France’s land here too big to coordinate »Only Catholics could come over and settle (mistake)

7 5) Battle of Quebec a) September 1759 - Quebec Capital of New France (take capital = take all!) b) Commanders: Britain: Wolfe Fr: Montcalm c) Story of “Cliffs” d) Battle of “Plains of Abraham” 1. 2 hours long 2. Both young commanders mortally wounded 3. French defeated: 1763 (Done as N.A. Colonial Power) a) “Cajun”

8 F. Effects of 7 Years War F. Effects of 7 Years War 1. Treaty 1763 - “Treaty of Paris” 2. France lost 90% of N.A. New World territory 3. Britain in Greatest European Power a) New Problems: 1) How rule that large area? 2) How pay for the war?

9 a. Solutions i. Tax Colonists: fought on their land/now they could expand over Appalachian Mts. b. Colonial reaction i. 1st real problem w/ Crown » “You said you’d let us cross with protection” ii. Crown: “Sorry, no more $ - cross at own risk!” iii. Proclamation Line 1963 *Leads to war!

10 Effects of 7 Years War A. Treaty not signed until 1963 A. Treaty not signed until 1963 1) Treaty of Paris 2) France lost 90% of New World possessions 3) Cajun people 4) Britain greatest European power B. New Problems B. New Problems 1) How rule large area? 2) $ to pay for war?

11 C. Solutions C. Solutions 1) Tax colonies » Colonist could now cross Appalachians » Spread West 2) Don’t follow up on promise to protect colonist if they cross App. Mts. a) #2 angers Colonists = reason why fought 1) 1st real grievance against Mother Country 2) Called “Proclamation Line 1763” a. Beginning of problems - lead to war


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