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Chapter 7 The U.S. and Canada Shaped by History. Section 1 The 1st Americans and the Arrival of the Europeans.

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Presentation on theme: "Chapter 7 The U.S. and Canada Shaped by History. Section 1 The 1st Americans and the Arrival of the Europeans."— Presentation transcript:

1 Chapter 7 The U.S. and Canada Shaped by History

2 Section 1 The 1st Americans and the Arrival of the Europeans

3 Who were the first Americans? Scientific View  Land Bridge Between Asia and North America Sea level dropped because of ice age Hunters followed herd across into North America Native American Views  Have always been here Indigenous  Belonging to or native to a place

4 Spain and France Spain - Christopher Columbus Southern part of North America  Gold  Religion - Missionaries - people who want to convert others to their religion France  Furs  Lived with the native people and learned their ways

5 England 13 Colonies on the Atlantic Coast Reasons they came:  Own land, free from debt, religious freedom  Indentured servant - work for a period of years to gain freedom

6 England - Britain Jamestown Pilgrims  Massachusetts Slaves being brought over to work on plantations in the south

7 Wars French and Indian War  Britain and France fighting over land  Britain won with Colonist’s help Britain needed to have army in Colonies  Paid for by taxes - colonist’s boycotted Revolutionary War  Colonists rebel against Britain  Treaty of Paris Made independence official Constitution is approved  Still the highest law of the United States

8 Section 2 Growth, Settlement, and Civil War in the United States

9 Growing Nation Lewis and Clark Lewis and Clark explore the land west of the Mississippi River explore the land west of the Mississippi River Louisiana Purchase Louisiana Purchase Paid France $15 million Paid France $15 million

10 Growing Nation 1830’s - Indian Removal Act 1830’s - Indian Removal Act Forced Natives from their homes to Indain Territory Forced Natives from their homes to Indain Territory Trail of Tears Trail of Tears

11 More Room? Mexican Controlled Texas Mexican Controlled Texas Texans rebelled against Mexican rule Texans rebelled against Mexican rule Went to war Went to war U.S. took over SW U.S. took over SW Manifest Destiny Manifest Destiny Americans thought it was their destiny to own all of the land from the Atlantic to the Pacific Americans thought it was their destiny to own all of the land from the Atlantic to the Pacific

12 Industrial Revolution The change from making goods by hand to making them by machine The change from making goods by hand to making them by machine Clothing, steam engines, railroads Clothing, steam engines, railroads Immigrants Immigrants People who move from one country to another People who move from one country to another

13 Debate over Slavery Civil War North - Union North - Union Had wealth, industry, soldiers, abolitionists Had wealth, industry, soldiers, abolitionists South - Confederacy South - Confederacy Experienced officers, cotton-help from other countries Experienced officers, cotton-help from other countries Despite North’s advantages war dragged out for 4 years. Despite North’s advantages war dragged out for 4 years. Emancipation Proclamation Emancipation Proclamation Lincoln freed the slaves Lincoln freed the slaves

14 After the war Reconstruction Reconstruction Rebuilding the nation President Lincoln was assassinated less than a week after the end of the war President Lincoln was assassinated less than a week after the end of the war 1877 southern states voted to segregate 1877 southern states voted to segregate Separate blacks from whites in all aspects of life

15 Section 3 The United States Becomes a World Power

16 U.S Industrial Revolution made life easier for the upper and middle class, but not the Lower class. Industrial Revolution made life easier for the upper and middle class, but not the Lower class. Homestead Act of 1862 Homestead Act of 1862 Free Midwest land to people Free Midwest land to people Had to live on it for 5 years Had to live on it for 5 years Helped spark settlement and the expansion of the population from Atlantic to Pacific Helped spark settlement and the expansion of the population from Atlantic to Pacific

17 Beyond the shores Bought Alaska from Russia Bought Alaska from Russia took over control of Hawaii took over control of Hawaii won Spanish-American War won Spanish-American War Took over: Puerto Rico, Guam, Philippines Took over: Puerto Rico, Guam, Philippines World War I World War I U.S. joined the Allies of Britain and France U.S. joined the Allies of Britain and France Central Powers: Germany, Austria-Hungary, Turkey Central Powers: Germany, Austria-Hungary, Turkey Allies won in 1918 Allies won in 1918

18 World Issues The Great Depression The Great Depression Factories closed, people lost jobs, lost all savings Factories closed, people lost jobs, lost all savings Affected all of the world, not just U.S. Affected all of the world, not just U.S. Franklin D. Roosevelt - New Deal Franklin D. Roosevelt - New Deal Helped people get back on their feet Helped people get back on their feet Jump started the economy Jump started the economy

19 World Issues World War II World War II Dec 7, 1941 Dec 7, 1941 Japan bombed Pearl Harbor Japan bombed Pearl Harbor Allies Allies Defeat Germany April 1945 Defeat Germany April 1945 U.S. drops two bombs on Japan, ending WWII in August 1945 U.S. drops two bombs on Japan, ending WWII in August 1945

20 Postwar Responsibilities Soviet Union Soviet Union Communism Communism Cold War Cold War U.S. & Soviet Union U.S. & Soviet Union Tension Tension Arms race Arms race Civil Rights Movement Civil Rights Movement Martin Luther King Jr Martin Luther King Jr.

21 Section 4 Growth, Settlement, and Independence in Canada

22 French and British  Both countries were there for the fur trade  Both wanted Ohio River Valley  British - land for settlement  French - Beavers  Fought (7 years war)  Known as French and Indian War in the U.S.  British won - gave complete control of Canada to them.  War of 1812  French and British united to fend off U.S. from invading Canada

23 Self-Rule  Louis Papineau - revolted in Lower Canada against British  William MacKenzie - revolted in Upper Canada against British  Dominion - a self governing area  July 1, 1867-Britain accepted plan  Still subject to Great Britain  Rule itself under central government

24 Taking its place  “Peaceful Revolution”  Were able to govern themselves.  Saw years of prosperity  Took Part in WWI with British  Also involved with WWII with Allies

25 Present Times  Bilingual  Canada has two official languages  French and English  1982  New constitution  Canada became completely independent of Britain

26 Section 5 Partners and Friends

27 Environmental Issues Lake trout Lake trout The Great Lakes The Great Lakes Water Quality Water Quality Air Quality Air Quality Most air pollution from our factories goes north Most air pollution from our factories goes north Burning fossil fuels - acid rain Burning fossil fuels - acid rain Forests Forests Clear-cutting - cutting down all the trees in an area allowing soil to wash away. Clear-cutting - cutting down all the trees in an area allowing soil to wash away.

28 Economic Partners St. Lawrence Seaway St. Lawrence Seaway Completed in Allows ships to move throughout the Great Lakes through a series of canals, locks, and dams. Completed in Allows ships to move throughout the Great Lakes through a series of canals, locks, and dams. Diagram on page 188 Diagram on page 188 https://webcam.crrel.usac e.army.mil/soo/ https://webcam.crrel.usac e.army.mil/soo/ https://webcam.crrel.usac e.army.mil/soo/ https://webcam.crrel.usac e.army.mil/soo/

29 Trade U.S. is Canada’s biggest trading partner U.S. is Canada’s biggest trading partner Canada is U.S.’s biggest trading partner Canada is U.S.’s biggest trading partner Before 1989 Before 1989 Tariffs - cost to trade, raised the price of goods Tariffs - cost to trade, raised the price of goods After 1989 After 1989 Free trade - eliminated tariffs Free trade - eliminated tariffs NAFTA - North American Free Trade Agreement NAFTA - North American Free Trade Agreement Mexico, U.S., and Canada Mexico, U.S., and Canada Singed to allows free trade and promote economic growth in all three countries Singed to allows free trade and promote economic growth in all three countries


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