Presentation on theme: "3 The Colonies Come of Age England and Its Colonies"— Presentation transcript:
1 3 The Colonies Come of Age 1 2 3 4 England and Its Colonies CHAPTER3The Colonies Come of AgeOverviewTime Lines1England and Its ColoniesSECTION2The Agricultural SouthSECTION3SECTIONThe Commercial North4The French and Indian WarSECTIONChapter AssessmentTransparencies
2 Michel Guillaume Jean de Crévecoeur, soldier and writer CHAPTER3The Colonies Come of AgeHOME“ Here individuals of all nations are melted into a new race whose labors and posterity will one day cause great change in the world.”Michel Guillaume Jean de Crévecoeur, soldier and writerTHEMES IN CHAPTER 3Economic OpportunityScience and TechnologyCultural DiversityWomen in America
3 3 The Colonies Come of Age What do you know? CHAPTER3The Colonies Come of AgeHOMEWhat do you know?• What sorts of people lived in the 13 American colonies?• What was the colonists’ attitude toward England?• How did life differ in the North and the South?
4 3 Time Line The United States CHAPTER3Time LineHOMEThe United States1651 English Parliament passes Navigation Acts.1682 French explorer LaSalle claims Louisiana for France.1732 Benjamin Franklin publishes Poor Richard’s Almanack.1735 Zenger trial establishes freedom of the press.1739 South Carolina slaves rise up in Stono Rebellion.1740 Great Awakening begins.1754 French and Indian War begins.1763 Treaty of Paris ends French and Indian War.1764 Parliament passes Sugar Act.
5 CHAPTER3Time LineHOMEThe World1652 Dutch settlers establish Cape Town in South Africa.1683 Manchus of China conquer island of Formosa (Taiwan).1688 William and Mary take power in Britain’s Glorious Revolution.1707 Act of Union unites England and Wales with Scotland to form Great Britain.1739 In Japan, 84,000 farmers protest heavy taxation.1763 Treaty of Paris recognizes British control over much of India.
6 England and Its Colonies SECTION1England and Its ColoniesHOMELearn Aboutmercantilism, the Navigation Acts, and the Glorious Revolution.To Understandthe changing economic and political relationships between England and its North American colonies.
7 England and Its Colonies SECTION1England and Its ColoniesHOMEKey IdeaEngland and its North American colonies prosper under a beneficial trade relationship, but tensions emerge as the colonies push for more political and economic freedom.
8 England and Its Colonies SECTION1England and Its ColoniesHOMESection1AssessmentSYNTHESIZINGWhat steps did England take to solve its economic and political problems with the colonists?Problem: Keeping the colonies under England’s economic and political controlEngland’s Solutions:1. In 1651, Parliament passed the Navigation Acts to regulate colonial trade.2. In 1686, James II merged northern colonies and disbanded their local assemblies.3. After the Glorious Revolution of 1688, Parliament strengthened the Navigation Acts.
9 England and Its Colonies SECTION1England and Its ColoniesHOMESection1AssessmentIn 1707, the British mercantilist Nehemiah Grew forecast that the colonies, “forgetting their relation to the mother countries, will then confederate and consider nothing further than the means to support their ambition of standing on their own legs.” Explain why the British did not want this to happen.INTERPRETINGthe goals of mercantilismwhat might happen to Great Britain’s economy if Grew’s prediction came trueTHINK ABOUT
10 England and Its Colonies SECTION1England and Its ColoniesHOMESection1AssessmentBritain passed legislation and established policies to control the American colonies but was inconsistent in its enforcement of those policies. Was this approach to governing the colonies effective or ineffective? Why?FORMING AN OPINIONthe Navigation Actsthe policy of salutary neglectthe positive and negative outcomes of aggressively enforcing policiesTHINK ABOUT
11 The Agricultural South SECTION2The Agricultural SouthHOMELearn Abouthow the South became a labor-intensive, agricultural society.To Understandthe growth of slavery in the Southern colonies.
12 The Agricultural South SECTION2The Agricultural SouthHOMEKey IdeaThe Southern colonies develop a labor-intensive plantation economy, which leads to a mostly rural society and the growth of slavery.
13 The Agricultural South SECTION2The Agricultural SouthHOMESection2AssessmentSUMMARIZINGWhat were the five tiers of Southern social order? What kinds of people made up these classes?1. Planters:controlled the South’s economy, as well as its political and social structure2. Small Farmers:made up the majority of Southern population3. Women: had limited legal, political, and social rights4. Indentured Servants:had virtually no rights while in bondage5. Slaves:formed economic base of plantation system
14 The Agricultural South SECTION2The Agricultural SouthHOMESection2AssessmentIn what ways do you think the development of the Southern economy and society might have been imbalanced?DRAWING CONCLUSIONSthe basis of the South’s economythe types of crops grownthe distribution of power in Southern societyTHINK ABOUT
15 The Agricultural South SECTION2The Agricultural SouthHOMESection2AssessmentIn what ways was slavery a brutal system? Consider the whole of the slave experience.ANALYZING ISSUES
16 3 The Commercial North Learn About SECTION3The Commercial NorthHOMELearn Abouteconomic changes in the Northern colonies and intellectual and religious changes in all the colonies.To Understandthe beginnings of economic, political, and social differences with England.
17 3 The Commercial North Key Idea SECTION3The Commercial NorthHOMEKey IdeaThe Northern colonies develop an economy fueled by commerce and trade, which leads to a diverse and urban society. There, important religious and intellectual changes occur that effect all the colonies.
18 3 The Commercial North 33 Section Assessment HOMESection33AssessmentWhat are some examples that illustrate the diversity found in the economy, population, and religious groups of the Northern colonies?SUMMARIZINGEconomyPopulationReligious GroupsThe Diversity of Northern Coloniesseveral cash cropsfisheries, mills, manufacturingEnglish, Germans, Scots-Irish, and other immigrant groupsAfrican slavesAnglicans, Roman Catholics, Quakers, Methodists, other Protestant denominations, Jews
19 3 The Commercial North 33 Section Assessment HOMESection33AssessmentHow might a person who believed in the ideas of the Enlightenment have assessed the Salem witchcraft trials?ANALYZINGthe kinds of evidence presented at the trialsthe hysteria that gripped the townEnlightenment ideas of careful observation and reasoningTHINK ABOUT
20 3 The Commercial North 3 Section Assessment HOMESection3AssessmentWhat positive and negative trends that emerged in the Northern colonies during the 1700s still affect the United States today?APPLYINGthe rise of citiesthe influx of immigrantsthe status of women and African Americansthe results of the Enlightenment and the Great AwakeningTHINK ABOUT
21 The French and Indian War SECTION4The French and Indian WarHOMELearn Aboutthe British victory over France in North America.To Understandthe growing tensions between Great Britain and its colonies.
22 The French and Indian War SECTION4The French and Indian WarHOMEKey IdeaThe British and their colonists defeat the French in North America, enlarging Great Britain’s New World empire and causing new British-colonial friction.
23 The French and Indian War SECTION4The French and Indian WarHOMESection4AssessmentWhat were some of the major events of the French and Indian War and its aftermath?SUMMARIZING1763 End of French and Indian WarColonists’ expansion halted with the Proclamation of 1763Britain’s postwar financial crisisAppointment of George Grenville as prime minister1754 Outbreak of French and Indian War1759 British triumph at Quebec1764 Passage of the Sugar Act
24 The French and Indian War SECTION4The French and Indian WarHOMESection4AssessmentIf you had been a Native American living in the Northeast during the French and Indian War, would you have formed a military alliance with France or Great Britain?MAKING DECISIONSNative Americans’ past relations with France and Britainthe goals of France and Britain in North Americawhat Native Americans might have gained or lost as a result of a victory by either nationTHINK ABOUT
25 The French and Indian War SECTION4The French and Indian WarHOMESection4AssessmentWhat if the outcome of the war had been different and France had won? How might this have affected the 13 colonies?HYPOTHESIZINGthe actual outcome of the Treaty of ParisFrance’s patterns of colonizationFrance’s relations with Native AmericansTHINK ABOUT
26 3ChapterAssessmentHOME1. What was a nation’s ultimate goal under mercantilism and how did Great Britain strive to achieve this goal?2. Why was the Dominion of New England formed and what caused its collapse?3. Why did plantations develop instead of towns in most parts of the South?4. What were the status and ways of life of women in the Southern colonies?5. Cite examples of both nonviolent and violent resistance to slavery in the South.
27 3ChapterAssessmentHOME6. Briefly describe the diverse agricultural and commercial economies that developed in New England and the Middle colonies.7. How were the philosophical ideas of the Enlightenment expressed in the American colonies?8. Which of the following groups—the English, the French, or the Spanish—had developed the best relations with Native Americans? Why?9. Briefly explain why Great Britain won the French and Indian War.10. What were the provisions of the Sugar Act? Why did it anger many colonial merchants?