2I Can:* Identify the Views of: ___Patriots ___ Loyalists ___ Neutralists ___ I can identify the Proclamation of 1763 and explain why it caused conflict between the colonists and British. ___ I can identify the Stamp Act and explain why it caused conflict between the colonists and British. ___ I can identify the Townshend Acts and explain why it caused conflict between the colonists and British. ___ I can identify the Tea Act and explain why it caused conflict between the colonists and British. ___ I can identify the Intolerable Acts and explain why it caused conflict between the colonists and British. ___ I can summarize the events of Lexington and Concord Identify and explain the following actions and groups that protested against British policies ___ Boston Tea Party ___ Boycotts ___ Sons of Liberty ___ Petitions ___ Appeals to Parliament ___ Boston Massacre ___ Committee of Correspondence ___ Continental Congress
3PatriotsAmerican colonists who believed that the colonists had the right to govern themselves.
4American colonists who were loyal to the British government LoyalistsAmerican colonists who were loyal to the British government
5NeutralistsDid not support either side. Thought both groups had good reasons but neither were strong enough to fight a war over. (The war was to far away so why bother)Sitting on the Fence
6___ I can identify the Proclamation of 1763 and explain why it caused conflict between the colonists and British.
7Proclamation of 1763To keep colonists and Native Americans from fighting with each other the British government drew a line down the crest of the Appalachian Mountains. Settlers had to stay east of that line.
8Views – Proclamation of 1763 British/Loyalists- Defending the frontier is to expensive. Colonists would have to pay for troopsPatriots- Tyranny, The land was already settled, and it was the only place farmers could get new cheap land
9What Happened?Most colonists ignored the new law and stayed put or continued to migrate pass the mountains. The British army sent 7,500 men to keep peace on the frontier
10___ I can identify the Stamp Act and Sugar Act explain why it caused conflict between the colonists and British.
11Stamp Act and Sugar ActThe War debt from French and Indian War had to be paid The Stamp Act required all colonists to buy a stamp for every piece of paper they used. Wills, licenses, playing cards, newspapers, etc. The Sugar Act placed a tax on molasses and guaranteed that England would have a monopoly on the sugar trade.
12How it workedTax collectors collected money from the colonists Money was divided between Parliament and the King
13Views of the Stamp Act and Sugar Act British and Loyalists – British citizens have been paying taxes on everything. The colonists are taxed the least, so why shouldn’t they pay off the debt of the French and Indian WarPatriots – “ No Taxation without Representation” Parliament had no right to pass a tax unless the colonists had a voice in Parliament (British Government). It is a violation of Rights
14What happened?Colonists (Patriots and Loyalists) protested by sending petitions and appeals to Parliament or refused to buy the stamp Sons of Liberty- Protest group that took violent action. Attacked tax collectors Stamp Act was repealed, but Quartering Act was issued. Colonies must provide food, shelter, and supplies to British soldiers. Was seen as another tax.
15___ I can identify the Townshend Acts and explain why it caused conflict between the colonists and British.
16Townshend ActsParliament passed a duty on certain goods the colonies imported from Britain to pay British debts. These goods included glass, paper, lead, ink, and tea
17Views of the Townshend Act Loyalist/British- Believed that the colonists bad behavior made it more important to keep an eye on them. Colonists must pay for the Army sent there to protect themPatriots – Duties were a tax in disguise. They violated colonists rights. “Taxation without Representation”
18What Happened?The Sons of Liberty organized a Boycott (refusal to buy British products). Boycotts were peaceful, everybody could support. Women (Daughters of Liberty) used home spun cloth, made tea from pine needles, and bought only American made products Duties were repealed because British merchants were losing money. Only TEA will be taxed
19What Happened ? Cont.The Boston Massacre- Mob violence breaks out. Patriots started throwing rocks and snowballs at British troops. British fire on rioters, five die
20Views of Boston Massacre British/ Loyalist – It was proof more troops were needed to control Patriot hot headsPatriots – used it as propaganda to stir up the people. It was proof that all troops need to leave colonies
21I Can Quiz #1I Can Quiz 1– Causes of American Revolution 1. Who are Neutralist, Patriot, Loyalist? 2. Proclamation of 1763: What was it? Why were colonists angered? 3. Stamp Act :What was it ?Why were colonists angered? 4. Townshend Acts: What was it? Why were colonists angered? 5. Identify and Describe two actions taken by colonial patriots to protest the authority of the British government in the years leading up to the American Revolution? 6. Explain the situation that led to the phrase “No taxation without representation” and what is meant by it. 7. Challenge Question: You are a colonist living in New York City. You have a very successful trade business and have a good relationship with British Merchants. Up until this point you have been pretty neutral on the current situation between the colonies and Great Britain. Because of the ongoing crisis you are forced to choose sides. Which side would you choose and give several reasons why.
22___ I can identify the Tea Act and explain why it caused conflict between the colonists and British
23Tea ActAfter the Townshend Acts were repealed a tax on tea was left. British allowed one British tea company have a monopoly on tea in the colonies. American merchants could not set their own prices.
24Views of the Tea ActBritish and Loyalists – The British East Indian Tea Company needed to be saved. The boycotts have put it close to bankruptcyPatriots – If they can place a monopoly on tea, what will stop them from doing it to other products
25What Happened?Boston Tea Party- The Son’s of Liberty dressed up as Indians and boarded a tea ship. They dumped 90,000 lbs. in Boston Harbor
26___ I can identify the Intolerable Acts (Coercive Acts) and explain why it caused conflict between the colonists and British.
27Intolerable ActsThey were designed to punish Massachusetts Boston Harbor is closed Massachusetts government was suspended More troops sent to Boston Quebec Act- The new England Colonies would become part of Canada
28Views of the Intolerable Acts British and Loyalists- It is no longer about Taxes it was about British control of her coloniesPatriots- If the King could do this to one colony what will stop him from doing it to others.
29What Happened?Colonies Unite- Other colonies support Massachusetts by sending aide. Committees of Correspondence- Information of British abuses would be shared between the colonies through newspapers First Continental Congress- Delegates from 12 colonies met to discuss issues. They sent a message to the king and called for another boycott
30___ I can summarize the events of Lexington and Concord
31Events of Lexington & Concord Colonies form Militias (Civilian Armies)King George believes the colonies are in rebellionBritish troops are sent to destroy militia suppliesPaul Revere warns the militias
32Events of Lexington & Concord Cont. Minutemen gather in Lexington to deter British- “Shot Heard Around the World”, Minutemen retreat. British go on to Concord. Minutemen engage and hold their ground. The British flee. They are shot the whole way back to Boston. Americans proved they would fight for rights
33I Can Quiz #21. Tea Act: What was it? Why were patriots angered? 2. Intolerable Acts What where they? 3.Summarize the events of Lexington and Concord? 4. Explain the Committees of Correspondence? 5. Explain the importance of the 1st Continental Congress and what actions did they take.