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The Revolutionary War. Events That Shaped the Revolutionary Movement The French and Indian War (1754-1763) –Fought over control of America –Cost England.

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Presentation on theme: "The Revolutionary War. Events That Shaped the Revolutionary Movement The French and Indian War (1754-1763) –Fought over control of America –Cost England."— Presentation transcript:

1 The Revolutionary War

2 Events That Shaped the Revolutionary Movement The French and Indian War ( ) –Fought over control of America –Cost England a lot of money –Called French and Indian War because Native Americans helped the French –England Won

3 Events That Shaped the Revolutionary Movement British Imperial Policy (1763 – 1781) –England felt like it was losing control over the colonies. –These policies were created to keep the English Empire under control.

4 Events That Shaped the Revolutionary Movement The Stamp Act of 1765 –Required colonists to buy government stamps for almost every paper document. –Colonist felt these taxes were unfair because they had no say. –“No taxation without representation!”

5 Events That Shaped the Revolutionary Movement Sons of Liberty 1765 –Secret organization formed in Boston to protest Stamp Act Sons of Liberty and Colonist Protested the Stamp Act by: –Writing letters to Parliament –Holding public meetings –Signing petitions –Boycotting or refusing to buy British goods. –Holding violent and Peaceful protest Stamp Act was repealed in 1766

6 Events That Shaped the Revolutionary Movement Tea Tax 1773 –Tax on tea Boston Tea Party (December 1773) –Sons of Liberty disguised as Indians boarded a ship carrying tea and dumped 342 chests of tea into the Boston Harbor –Helped unite colonies against England

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8 Review What were the main events that shaped the revolutionary war? –The French and Indian War ( ) –The Stamp Act of 1765 –Sons of Liberty 1765 –Tea Tax 1773 –Boston Tea Party (December 1773)

9 Review How did the results of the French and Indian War contribute to the revolutionary movement in America? –It cost English tax payers a lot of money. –England imposed taxes on colonists to help pay for the war. –Colonist thought these taxes were unfair.

10 Review Why did the colonists believe British taxation policies in North America were unfair? –“No taxation without representation!”

11 Review How did the colonists and the Sons of Liberty protest British Imperial Policies in North America? –Wrote letters to Parliament –Held public meetings and signed petitions. –Boycotted or refused to buy British goods. –Held violent and peaceful protest Boston Tea Party

12  War for control of America  England Won  Cost England a lot of money Required colonists to buy a government stamps for almost every paper document.  Because of the protest of the Sons of Liberty the Stamp Act was gotten rid of in  This united the colonies against England  Because of the protest of the Sons of Liberty the Stamp Act was gotten rid of in  This united the colonies against England  Sons of Liberty disguised as Indians boarded a ship carrying tea and dumped 342 chests of tea into Boston Harbor.  This act of rebellion encouraged others to join the battle against England  Sons of Liberty disguised as Indians boarded a ship carrying tea and dumped 342 chests of tea into Boston Harbor.  This act of rebellion encouraged others to join the battle against England

13 The Declaration of Independence

14 First Continental Congress 1774 –Delegates from all the colonies except GA. –Discussed problems colonist were having with England Second Continental Congress 1775 –Discussed breaking away from England –Decided to write a document declaring their independence (The Declaration of Independence) Thomas Jefferson wrote the Declaration –Adopted on July 4, 1776

15 The Declaration of Independence The Declaration was written to respond to tyranny and the abuse of power by King George III. –Colonists felt they were denied freedom –Colonists wanted to rule themselves –They wanted to France on their side.

16 The Declaration of Independence The Declaration was written in three parts: –Part I: Why the Declaration was needed –Part II: Beliefs about government –Part III: Complaints about English rule –Part IV: Declared Independence from Great Britain ces/download/29/Audio-of-the-Declaration- of-Independence-mp3/http://classroom.monticello.org/kids/resour ces/download/29/Audio-of-the-Declaration- of-Independence-mp3/

17 Review What was the purpose of writing the Declaration of Independence? –To respond to tyranny and the abuse of power by King George III. –To declare their independence from England

18 Review Who wrote the Declaration of Independence and how was it written? –Thomas Jefferson –It was written in four parts: Part I: Why the Declaration was needed Part II: Beliefs about government Part III: Complaints about English rule Part IV: Declared Independence from England

19 Review How was the Declaration of Independence a response to tyranny and the abuse of power? –It showed that colonists felt they were denied freedom. –It showed that colonists wanted to rule themselves.

20 Purpose of meeting was to discuss problems colonist were having with England  Discussed breaking away from England and becoming an independent nation.  Decided to write the Declaration of Independence  Discussed breaking away from England and becoming an independent nation.  Decided to write the Declaration of Independence  A committee of 5 people were formed to put it together  Thomas Jefferson wrote the Declaration  Wrote for 17 days  Wanted it to be just right  Adopted on July 4, 1776  A committee of 5 people were formed to put it together  Thomas Jefferson wrote the Declaration  Wrote for 17 days  Wanted it to be just right  Adopted on July 4, 1776  Respond to tyranny and abuse of power by King George III  They felt they were denied freedom  Colonist wanted to rule themselves  They wanted to get France on their side.  Respond to tyranny and abuse of power by King George III  They felt they were denied freedom  Colonist wanted to rule themselves  They wanted to get France on their side.

21 Key Individuals King George III King of England during the Revolution Tyrant Abused Power

22 Key Individuals George Washington Commander in Chief of the Continental Army 1 st President of USA

23 Key Individuals John Adams Leader of the Sons of Liberty Declaration Committee member 2 nd President of the USA

24 Key Individuals Benjamin FranklinTalked to France into helping the colonies Declaration committee member Inventor and Scientist

25 Key Individuals Patrick Henry Patriot Leader “I know not what course others may take, but as for me give me liberty, or give me death!”

26 Key Individuals Thomas Jefferson Author of the Declaration of Independence 3 rd president of the USA

27 Key Individuals Benedict Arnold Former Continental Army officer who turned against the Americans and joined the British Army “Traitor!!!”

28 Review Who were the key individuals in the American Revolution? –King George III –George Washington –John Adams –Benjamin Franklin –Patrick Henry –Thomas Jefferson –Benedict Arnold

29 Key Individuals during the American Revolution King George III King of England during Revolution Tyrant Abused Power George Washington Commander in chief of the Continental Army 1 st president of USA John Adams Declaration Committee member Leader of the Sons of Liberty 2 nd President of USA Benjamin Franklin talked France into helping colonies Declaration committee member Inventor / Scientist Patrick Henry Patriot Leader “I know not what course others may take, but a as for me give me liberty, or give me death!” Thomas Jefferson Author of the Declaration of Independence 3 rd president of the USA Benedict Arnold Former Continental Army officer who turned against the Americans and joined the British Army “Traitor!”

30 Major Events of the Revolutionary War Fighting at Lexington and Concord (April 19, 1775) –British troops were sent to Lexington and Concord to find a storehouse of weapons. –Minute men Knew the British (Red Coats) were coming and were ready. –The colonists had moved the weapons. –Shots were fired “The shots heard around the world!” –Eight Patriots died –The British Marched back to Boston and were attacked by Minutemen hiding along the road. –This marked the beginning of the American Revolution.

31 Major Events of the Revolutionary War George Washington was named the Commander in Chief of the American Continental Army The challenges Washington faced were huge.

32 PatriotsRed Coats / British Made up of volunteers Under trained Unmanned Few supplies No proper uniforms Made up of Professional soldiers Highly Trained Many Soldiers Plenty of supplies Proper Uniforms Many were English

33 Major Events of the Revolutionary War Battle of Saratoga (1777) –Turning point of War! –Americans defeat British –France joins forces with America

34 Major Events of the Revolutionary War Battle of Yorktown (1781) –British surrendered and America won its independence –England’s Lord Cornwallis surrendered to General George Washington. –American won its independence!

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36 Review What were the major events and battles of the Revolutionary War? –Lexington and Concord (April 19,1775) –George Washington named Commander in Chief. –Battle of Saratoga (1777) –Battle of Yorktown (1781)

37 Review What is the significance of the Battle of Lexington and Concord? –It marked the beginning of the American Revolution.

38 Review Why was the Battle of Saratoga called “The turning point,” of the American Revolution? –France saw that was possible Americans could win so they decided to join the Americans.

39 Review Why was the Battle of Yorktown the final battle of the American Revolution? –The British surrendered

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41 ROLE PLAY U.S. Constitutional Convention During break choose your character for play, sit with your fellow characters after break. (See cards)

42 Read your part, with your groups answer the questions… Questions: 1)Should slavery, as well as the entire slave trade be abolished, and should escaped slaves be returned to their owners? 2)Who should be allowed to vote in the new nation, and especially, what role should gender, race, and property ownership play in such a decision?

43 After answering the questions together…. Look for allies…send people to other groups to see if you can become allies Consider rebuttal arguments Prepare for convention….

44 Questions 1)Should slavery, as well as the entire slave trade be abolished, and should escaped slaves be returned to their owners? 2)Who should be allowed to vote in the new nation, and especially, what role should gender, race, and property ownership play in such a decision?

45 Connections to today…. p/ # http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/ /v p/ #


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