2Events That Shaped the Revolutionary Movement The French and Indian War ( )Fought over control of AmericaCost England a lot of moneyCalled French and Indian War because Native Americans helped the FrenchEngland Won
3Events That Shaped the Revolutionary Movement British Imperial Policy (1763 – 1781)England felt like it was losing control over the colonies.These policies were created to keep the English Empire under control.
4Events That Shaped the Revolutionary Movement The Stamp Act of 1765Required colonists to buy government stamps for almost every paper document.Colonist felt these taxes were unfair because they had no say.“No taxation without representation!”
5Events That Shaped the Revolutionary Movement Sons of Liberty 1765Secret organization formed in Boston to protest Stamp ActSons of Liberty and Colonist Protested the Stamp Act by:Writing letters to ParliamentHolding public meetingsSigning petitionsBoycotting or refusing to buy British goods.Holding violent and Peaceful protestStamp Act was repealed in 1766
6Events That Shaped the Revolutionary Movement Tea Tax 1773Tax on teaBoston Tea Party (December 1773)Sons of Liberty disguised as Indians boarded a ship carrying tea and dumped 342 chests of tea into the Boston HarborHelped unite colonies against England
8Review What were the main events that shaped the revolutionary war? The French and Indian War ( )The Stamp Act of 1765Sons of Liberty 1765Tea Tax 1773Boston Tea Party (December 1773)
9ReviewHow did the results of the French and Indian War contribute to the revolutionary movement in America?It cost English tax payers a lot of money.England imposed taxes on colonists to help pay for the war.Colonist thought these taxes were unfair.
10ReviewWhy did the colonists believe British taxation policies in North America were unfair?“No taxation without representation!”
11ReviewHow did the colonists and the Sons of Liberty protest British Imperial Policies in North America?Wrote letters to ParliamentHeld public meetings and signed petitions.Boycotted or refused to buy British goods.Held violent and peaceful protestBoston Tea Party
14The Declaration of Independence First Continental Congress 1774Delegates from all the colonies except GA.Discussed problems colonist were having with EnglandSecond Continental Congress 1775Discussed breaking away from EnglandDecided to write a document declaring their independence (The Declaration of Independence)Thomas Jefferson wrote the DeclarationAdopted on July 4, 1776
15The Declaration of Independence The Declaration was written to respond to tyranny and the abuse of power by King George III.Colonists felt they were denied freedomColonists wanted to rule themselvesThey wanted to France on their side.
16The Declaration of Independence The Declaration was written in three parts:Part I: Why the Declaration was neededPart II: Beliefs about governmentPart III: Complaints about English rulePart IV: Declared Independence from Great Britain
17ReviewWhat was the purpose of writing the Declaration of Independence?To respond to tyranny and the abuse of power by King George III.To declare their independence from England
18ReviewWho wrote the Declaration of Independence and how was it written?Thomas JeffersonIt was written in four parts:Part I: Why the Declaration was neededPart II: Beliefs about governmentPart III: Complaints about English rulePart IV: Declared Independence from England
19ReviewHow was the Declaration of Independence a response to tyranny and the abuse of power?It showed that colonists felt they were denied freedom.It showed that colonists wanted to rule themselves.
30Major Events of the Revolutionary War Fighting at Lexington and Concord (April 19, 1775)British troops were sent to Lexington and Concord to find a storehouse of weapons.Minute men Knew the British (Red Coats) were coming and were ready.The colonists had moved the weapons.Shots were fired “The shots heard around the world!”Eight Patriots diedThe British Marched back to Boston and were attacked by Minutemen hiding along the road.This marked the beginning of the American Revolution.
31Major Events of the Revolutionary War George Washington was named the Commander in Chief of the American Continental ArmyThe challenges Washington faced were huge.
32Patriots Red Coats / British Made up of Professional soldiersHighly TrainedMany SoldiersPlenty of suppliesProper UniformsMade up of volunteersUnder trainedUnmannedFew suppliesNo proper uniformsMany were English
33Major Events of the Revolutionary War Battle of Saratoga (1777)Turning point of War!Americans defeat BritishFrance joins forces with America
34Major Events of the Revolutionary War Battle of Yorktown (1781)British surrendered and America won its independenceEngland’s Lord Cornwallis surrendered to General George Washington.American won its independence!
36ReviewWhat were the major events and battles of the Revolutionary War?Lexington and Concord (April 19,1775)George Washington named Commander in Chief.Battle of Saratoga (1777)Battle of Yorktown (1781)
37ReviewWhat is the significance of the Battle of Lexington and Concord?It marked the beginning of the American Revolution.
38ReviewWhy was the Battle of Saratoga called “The turning point,” of the American Revolution?France saw that was possible Americans could win so they decided to join the Americans.
39ReviewWhy was the Battle of Yorktown the final battle of the American Revolution?The British surrendered
41ROLE PLAY U.S. Constitutional Convention During break choose your character for play, sit with your fellow characters after break. (See cards)
42Read your part, with your groups answer the questions… Should slavery, as well as the entire slave trade be abolished, and should escaped slaves be returned to their owners?Who should be allowed to vote in the new nation, and especially, what role should gender, race, and property ownership play in such a decision?
43After answering the questions together…. Look for allies…send people to other groups to see if you can become alliesConsider rebuttal argumentsPrepare for convention….
44QuestionsShould slavery, as well as the entire slave trade be abolished, and should escaped slaves be returned to their owners?Who should be allowed to vote in the new nation, and especially, what role should gender, race, and property ownership play in such a decision?