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Becoming Americans: Footsteps to the Revolutionary War Key Question: How did the 13 British Colonies become the United States of America?

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Presentation on theme: "Becoming Americans: Footsteps to the Revolutionary War Key Question: How did the 13 British Colonies become the United States of America?"— Presentation transcript:

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2 Becoming Americans: Footsteps to the Revolutionary War Key Question: How did the 13 British Colonies become the United States of America?

3 #1 The French and Indian War

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5 Result of the war? I. Objectives #1 A. The French & Indian War A. The French & Indian War (Known as ‘7yrs. War’ for fighting in Europe) (Known as ‘7yrs. War’ for fighting in Europe) 1. Battle Between British & French/Indians 1. Battle Between British & French/Indians over Ohio River Valley over Ohio River Valley a. Colonist NOT allowed in regular British Army a. Colonist NOT allowed in regular British Army SNOBBY! - Ex. G. Wash.(join militias) SNOBBY! - Ex. G. Wash.(join militias) 2. Colonist help British- Want more land to grab 2. Colonist help British- Want more land to grab if British Win (Taken from French & Indians) if British Win (Taken from French & Indians) 3. British & Colonist defeat the French 3. British & Colonist defeat the French a. Ohio River Valley now British & Colonies??! a. Ohio River Valley now British & Colonies??!

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7 OHIO RIVER VALLEY

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9 Objective #2: The Proclamation of 1763 I issue the Proclamation of 1763 Why did we fight that war then????

10 Objective #2: Proclamation of 1763 II. Objectives #2 A. Colonist want to settle Ohio River Valley A. Colonist want to settle Ohio River Valley 1. Native Am. fighting & killing settlers 1. Native Am. fighting & killing settlers 2. British can’t afford to protect settlers 2. British can’t afford to protect settlers a. KING Passes Proclamation of 1763 a. KING Passes Proclamation of No settlers west of Appalachian Mnts. -No settlers west of Appalachian Mnts. -Colonist very upset, wanted to gain land -Colonist very upset, wanted to gain land B. British need to pay for Fr. & Indian War B. British need to pay for Fr. & Indian War 1. British crack down on TAXES!!! 1. British crack down on TAXES!!! a. Want Colonist to pay for ‘Their War’ a. Want Colonist to pay for ‘Their War’ b. Parliament (English Congress) passes taxes b. Parliament (English Congress) passes taxes

11 Objective 3: “No taxation without representation!”

12 Who should pay? THE COLONISTS SHOULD!!!

13 Objective #3: Why were these taxes so upsetting???

14 Objective #3 III. Objective #3 A. Parliament Taxes the Colonist 1. No Colonist are in Parliament a. Colonist always used their own a. Colonist always used their own legislatures legislatures b. Example- Virginia House of Burgesses b. Example- Virginia House of Burgesses 2. Colonist had always taxed themselves 2. Colonist had always taxed themselves a. British Magna Carta says you can only be a. British Magna Carta says you can only be taxed if you have the right to vote on it!! taxed if you have the right to vote on it!! b. “No taxation without representation” b. “No taxation without representation” becomes rallying cry in colonies becomes rallying cry in colonies

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16 Continued… B. NEW TAXES: 1. Sugar Act (Triangle Trade Smuggling) a. Tax molasses from W. Indies (Lowers Taxes!!) a. Tax molasses from W. Indies (Lowers Taxes!!) b. Tries to get colonist to stop smuggling (bringing b. Tries to get colonist to stop smuggling (bringing in sugar illegally) in sugar illegally) 2. Stamp Act 2. Stamp Act a. Tax on all printed material in Colonies (directly on a. Tax on all printed material in Colonies (directly on Colonists, not on what they import) Colonists, not on what they import) b. Upsets rich & poor (lawyers/Sailors-Cards) b. Upsets rich & poor (lawyers/Sailors-Cards) 3. Townshed Acts 3. Townshed Acts a. Passed when Stamp Act Repealed a. Passed when Stamp Act Repealed b. Taxes everything colonist get from England b. Taxes everything colonist get from England -Had to buy this stuff or they didn’t get it (mercantilism, colonies were forced to RELY on England) -Had to buy this stuff or they didn’t get it (mercantilism, colonies were forced to RELY on England)

17 Sugar ActStamp ActTownshend Acts -Sugar-newspapers-tea-glass -Molasses -playing cards-lead -pamphlets-paint -licenses-paper

18 Objective #4: The Colonists Protest the Taxes We should refuse to buy British goods, that will teach them!!!

19 IV. Objective #4 A. Colonist Protest NEW TAXES 1. Committee of Correspondence - sends letters to other colonies about what is going on 2. Colonist attack tax collectors (Kill some)

20 B. Boston becomes center of Trouble 1. Boston is center of TRADE for Colonies & Most Taxes are on TRADED goods a. Ship captains and businessmen most affected **British send troops to protect tax collectors!!! Objective #4: Trouble in Boston

21 Boston 2009

22 2. Boston Massacre a. Pick fight with British Soldiers (snow w/rocks) b. Troops fire and kill 5 Colonist c. Boston Spreads the word MURDER!!!! *Paul Revere makes famous picture *Committee of Correspondence

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25 Boston Massacre occurred in front of this building

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27 The spot where the 5 colonists were killed

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29 3. Boston Tea Party a. Tea Act raised taxes on Tea b. Bostonians raid ship & throw tea overboard c. Other colonies just refused to buy the tea

30 Response to troubles in Boston Let us in!!!

31 C. King George III “We must master them or leave them to themselves” 1. Punish Boston a. Intolerable Acts (Coercive Acts in England) *Closed Boston Harbor *Keep soldiers in houses (Quartering Act) *Took rights from New England *Boston hates this!! 2. Boston gets ready for FIGHT a. Militias train and stash guns b. Men leave Boston so they can’t be arrested

32 Objective #5: Colonists prepare for Battle V. Objective #5 A. Colonies Fight Back! 1. 1st Continental Congress a. Colonies send leaders to talk about how to deal with British together (Work together??) -Washington, Adams, Patrick Henry, John Jay, Henry Lee b. Agree to form MILITIAS (Citizen Soldiers) *New England & Boston- HOT POINTS!!! *Militias train regularly 2. The Minutemen (Ready in a minute)-Boston a. Stockpile guns & Bullets b. British not happy!

33 Patrick HenrySamuel Adams G. Washington

34 First Continental Congress (1774)

35 Lexington and Concord

36 We are ready to FIGHT!!!!

37 B. “Shot Heard ‘Round the World!” 1. Troops in Boston ordered to take militia guns a. Weapons at Concord (outside Boston) 2. Minutemen prepare for British a. Paul Revere & William Dawes **1 if by land 2 if by sea from Old North Church b. Warn the minutemen 3. Lexington and Concord a. Minutemen & troops meet at Lexington (Who Fired first shots??) b. British get to Concord and burn ammo & guns that are left (many were already hidden) *Fight again when leaving Concord (Colonist Fire 1st)- British are easy targets due to RED uniforms (called “redcoats or “lobster backs”)

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41 C. Colonist become Guerillas!! (or Chickens as the British call them) 1. As British march back to Boston, Minute Men shoot from behind rocks and trees and run when British stop to fight a. British call Colonist Barbarians – Not fighting like gentlemen 2. More Red Coats (British) die on way back than colonist died in ‘real’ fights at Lex. & Concord THE FIGHT IS ON!!! OR IS IT??????????


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