Presentation on theme: "Good Morning! Find your seat and take out your homework."— Presentation transcript:
Good Morning! Find your seat and take out your homework.
The French and Indian War GPS: Students will analyze the role of Georgia in the American Revolution Essential Question: What events during this era led to Georgia and the other colonist declaring their independence from England?
Homework Review 1. The French and Indian War was part of what worldwide conflict? Seven Years War 2. The Treaty of Paris ended the Seven Years War. How did the Treaty affect British land claims? The treaty increased British land claims in North America. Britain took control of all French land east of the Mississippi River and Spanish Florida. 3. What was the purpose of the Proclamation of 1763? To avoid conflict with Native Americans who lived west of the Appalachian Mountains.
Homework Review 4. How did Georgia change shape after the French and Indian War? Georgia’s western border was moved inland from California to the Mississippi River. Georgia’s southern border was extended from the Altamaha River to St. Mary’s River. 5. Why was the Ohio River Valley important to the French and English Governments? The Ohio River Valley had fertile soil which was good for farming.
Homework Review 6. Who was upset by the Proclamation of 1763 and why? The colonists were upset by the Proclamation of 1763, they wanted to settle in the fertile Ohio River Valley.
War Breaks Out France, Britain, and Colonial America England, France each have Native American allies Europeans and natives get involved in each other’s wars In 1700s, two French-English wars had spread to colonies
French and Indian War Beginning in 1754 British, French fight small battles over territory Called French and Indian War by British -part of larger French-English “Seven Years’ War” (1756–1763) -Native American allies fight for French Spain sides with France, but Britain wins War mostly fought in North; Georgia calm, prosperous, during war
The War Ends Treaty of Paris ends Seven Years’ War (French and Indian War) Britain claims all land east of Mississippi River France gives Spain land west of Mississippi, New Orleans England trades Cuba, Philippines to Spain for Florida Treaty ends French power in North America Do you think that England made a smart move in trading Cuba and Philippines for Florida? Why?
Before the Treaty of Paris 1763
After the Treaty of Paris 1763
Overview GA is still a royal colony GA is still a royal colony French and English fighting in Europe (Seven Years War) and colonies (French and Indian War) French and English fighting in Europe (Seven Years War) and colonies (French and Indian War) Both had Indian allies Both had Indian allies Fought mostly in the northern colonies Fought mostly in the northern colonies Ends with the Treaty of Paris Ends with the Treaty of Paris Proclamation of 1763 passed to keep colonist from trying to settle west of the Appalachian Mts. (cost English money to send troops to protect them) Proclamation of 1763 passed to keep colonist from trying to settle west of the Appalachian Mts. (cost English money to send troops to protect them) Colonist ignored it. Colonist ignored it. GA ‘s size increased with new land gained in war GA ‘s size increased with new land gained in war The Treaty of Augusta with the Creek Indians tripled the size of GA. The Treaty of Augusta with the Creek Indians tripled the size of GA.
The Proclamation of 1763 Great Britain faces large war debt; feels colonies should help pay Colonists settle new land; natives attack, settlers fight back New territory hard and expensive for England to defend Proclamation of 1763 bans settlements west of Appalachians Colonists believe they have right to settle west; ignore ban English cannot enforce Proclamation or taxes on colonists Why do you think the new territory is difficult for England to defend? What do you think led to England’s loss of control on the colonists? Is it fair that England should expect the colonists to pay for the debt? Why?
Proclamation Line of 1763
Georgia Changes Shape Georgia is youngest, smallest colony, founded by nonprofit group While other colonies are more able to function independently from England, Georgia is still in need of England.
Trade, Taxes and Troops Facing war debt, Britain tries to raise money within colonies England creates multiple “acts” (laws) that tax the colonist Colonists angry, ignore many of these laws; feel punished by Britain Acts of Trade- tax on trading Sugar Act- tax on foreign molasses (sugar substitute)
Trade, Taxes and Troops (cont.) Britain sends troops to enforce laws, keep peace with Native allies Quartering Act- forces colonies to house, feed, equip soldiers Stamp Act *- a tax all legal, commercial documents Declatory Act-asserts England’s complete control over colonies Townshend Acts-tax imported goods such as tea, paper, paint Intolerable Acts*- In response to the Boston Tea Party
Quiz 1. What was the name given to the Seven Years War in the colonies? 2. What treaty ended the war? England trades Cuba & Philippines to Spain for________ 4. The Proclamation of 1763 forbade colonist from settling west of these. 5. This treaty with the Creek Indians triples the size of GA. 6. This Act placed a tax on tea, paper, and paint. 7. This Act placed a tax on foreign molasses. 8. This Act placed a tax on all legal documents. 9. This Act declared that England was sovereign. 10. This act forced the colonist to house and care for the British soldiers.
The Stamp Act* Stamp Act affects almost everyone -all legal, commercial documents must carry stamp showing tax paid Colonists object to taxes without having representation in Parliament -“Taxation without representation is tyranny,” they shout -Stamp Act Congress, 1765, nine colonies send delegates to New York -declare Stamp Act illegal, ask King George to repeal
The Stamp Act in Georgia Governor Wright supports England no delegates sent to Stamp Act Congress Georgia only colony to buy a few stamps; Fearing threats to destroy stamps; Wright moves them to Fort George Parliament fears revolt, repeals Stamp Act in 1766 But passes the Declatory Act asserting complete control over colonies
Colonist Reactions Sons of Liberty pressure merchants to not sell imported items Daughters of Liberty rally colonists to use and weave own cloth Colonists boycott British goods, Georgia imports from other partners
Colonist Reactions (cont.) Concerned Georgians suggest pledge to decrease dependence and boycott merchants who don’t sign pledge Actions do not force Britain to decrease taxes; conflict escalates
The Boston Massacre March 5, 1770—crowd and soldiers argue, 50 surround one soldier in Boston -fire into crowd, five colonists killed -Sons of Liberty call event “Boston Massacre;” widely publicized British try soldiers for murder, remove troops from Boston Why were British soldiers in Boston? What Act made colonists take care of them?
Committees of Correspondence Parliament repeals tax acts; keeps tea tax in place to show power Committees of Correspondence spread news in colonies Why is a committee of correspondence better than typing information in a newspaper?
Aiding the British East India Company Colonists drink smuggled Dutch tea to protest Townshend Act British East India Tea Company almost bankrupt as result 1773 Tea Act gives British company control of American tea trade
Angry Colonists React Sons of Liberty organize Boston Tea Party, December 16, men disguised as Mohawk Indians dump 342 tea chests into harbor Charleston—tea unloaded, left on docks; later sold to fund Revolution Parliament wants to punish Massachusetts, warn other colonies
Parliament Punishes Massachusetts Coercive Acts pass in 1774; named Intolerable Acts* by colonists 1- closes Boston Harbor until tea paid for 2- committees of correspondence banned, town meetings limited 3- colonists required to feed, house troops in their homes Gen. Thomas Gage new Massachusetts governor; enforces Quartering Act Committees spread word, call for meeting of colonial representatives
Declaration of Resolves First Continental Congress meets in Philadelphia, September 1774 All colonies but Georgia, Florida send delegates Continental Congress passes “Declaration of Resolves” that state: -colonist will boycott all British trade until Intolerable Acts repealed -urge Massachusetts to form a government to collect, hold taxes advise civilians in all colonies to form militias
Between Peace and War Most delegates not ready to declare independence from Britain January 1775—petitions, Declaration of Resolves reach Parliament Parliament sends tougher bill—allows trade only with England Both sides are now past compromise
-Henry Ellis -land -Intolerable -Stamp -Boston Massacre -James Wright -Proclamation of Colonist Laws -Townshend -Daughters of Liberty -Committees of Correspondence -Boston Tea Party -family issues -Sons of Liberty The Seven Years War was fought mostly over ____________. The Seven Years War was fought mostly over ____________. The ________________forbade the colonist from crossing over the Appalachian Mts. The ________________forbade the colonist from crossing over the Appalachian Mts. The ________ Act taxed tea, paint and paper. The ________ Act taxed tea, paint and paper. The _____________ ask the merchants The _____________ ask the merchants not to buy imported goods. not to buy imported goods. The_____________________ The_____________________ occurred in reaction to the Tea Act. occurred in reaction to the Tea Act. Crispus Attucks was killed during the ______________________. Crispus Attucks was killed during the ______________________. Under the ______________ Acts, the Boston Harbor was closed. Under the ______________ Acts, the Boston Harbor was closed. _________________was the Governor of GA during the Acts of Trade. _________________was the Governor of GA during the Acts of Trade.
Support for Independence Begins Locally -Georgians divided on supporting Continental Congress Support grows in parishes; most Darien Scots strong supporters Provincial Congress held during 1775 Georgia Assembly Provincial congress selects delegates to Continental Congress Wright adjourns Assembly before it can approve delegates
Warning Lexington and Concord General Gage learns Massachusetts militia has arms in Concord John Hancock, Samuel Adams in nearby Lexington Gage sends 700 troops to arrest Hancock, Adams; destroy weapons Paul Revere’s lantern signals alert colonists on troop movements Revere, William Dawes ride to Lexington to warn citizens Both stopped in Lexington; Samuel Prescott carries news to Concord
First Battles of American Revolution British reach Lexington at dawn, April 19, find militia waiting Militia refuses order to drop muskets, 8 killed in fighting British march to Concord, burn courthouse, destroy weapons Fighting at North Bridge drives British back, reinforcements arrive Battles at Lexington and Concord are first of American Revolution
“The Shot Heard Round the World” Battle at Concord changes life in colonies Colonists must decide if they are Loyalists or Patriots -Loyalists—remain loyal to Britain, also called Tories -Patriots—rebel against Britain, also called Whigs
Mixed Feelings on Independence Georgians are divided over loyalty to Britain -colony doing well with British assistance -hate British taxes, want more colonial representation Loyalists: Germans at Ebenezer, older Georgians, recent immigrants Patriots: St. John’s Parish, Scots in Darien, Jews in Savannah Conflict divides communities, families, friends
Quiz (chapter 6) 1. The Seven Years War was called the ______ and _____ War in the colonies. 2. The __________ __ ____ forbid the colonist from settling west of the Appalachian Mts. 3. All the Acts were placed upon the colonist to raise taxes to repay what? 4. The first Act that affect all the colonist was the ______ Act. 5. The _____ Act was passed to protect a British company from going bankrupt.
Quiz Chapter 6 6. The British passed the ________ Acts in response to the Boston Tea Party. 7. The Sons of Liberty wanted the colonist to ________ imported goods. 8. The ________ _______ occurred because British troops feared for the life of one of their soldiers. 9. People who remained loyal to Britain were called _______. 10. One of the requirements of the Intolerable Acts involved the closing the ______until the cost of the Tea was repaid.
Quiz chapter The first battles of the American Revolution occurred in _______ and ______ Mass. 12. (True or False) Georgia acted primarily as a Loyalist colony before the American Revolution. 13. What Act forced the colonist to house and feed the British soldiers. 14. People who supported the colonist over the British were referred to as _______.