Presentation on theme: "The Colonies and Britain Grow Apart King George: Br. Monarch that reigned during Am. Rev. Proclamation of 1763: Forbade colonists from settling W of App."— Presentation transcript:
The Colonies and Britain Grow Apart King George: Br. Monarch that reigned during Am. Rev. Proclamation of 1763: Forbade colonists from settling W of App. Mtns. Speculate: To buy as an investment Quartering Act: Act requiring Col. to house Br. Soldiers. Sugar Act: Law placing tax on sugar, molasses and other products. Stamp Act: law requiring legal & commercial doc. to carry a stamp to show that it had been paid for.
Colonists Defy Parliament Defy: Openly resist Patrick Henry: Member of Virginia’s H.O.B. Sons of Liberty: secret society formed to oppose Br. policies. Boycott: Refusal to buy Assembly: legislative body (Col. Assembly)
How did the colonists react when parliament took over the assemblies’ power to tax? 1) Stamp Act Congress: drafted a petition and sent to King George 2) Boycott 3) Sons of Liberty
The Americans have not acted in all things with prudence and temper. They have been driven to madness by injustice. Will you punish them for the madness you have caused?....My opinion….is that the Stamp Act be repealed absolutely, totally, and immediately.
Why was boycotting an effective way to protest? Non-violent Financial consequences
Why did Parliament pass new laws governing the colonies? Br. Needed to pay off debt from F&I War and also to pay to have officers regulate laws in the Col.
If you were a colonist what would you have done to protest the Stamp Act?
If you were a Br. Official in the colonies, how might you have responded to the protests?
Section 2 Who was Crispus Attucks? Af. American, victim of the Boston Massacre
Identify Declaratory Act: Act passed by Br. That affirmed their superior authority over the Colonies. (Parent/Child) Duties: Taxes placed on imported goods. Townshend Acts: Acts passed in 1767 to tax imports in the colonies. Writs of Assistance: Search warrants used to enter homes or businesses to search for smuggled goods. John Dickinson: PA lawyer, opposed Br. Policies of passing laws without consent of colonies (H.O.B.). Explained his beliefs in famous pamphlet. John Locke: English philosopher, wrote that “no one ought to harm another in his life, health, liberty or possessions.”
Daughters of Liberty: Org. of women to protest Br. policies. Samuel Adams: leader of the Boston S.O.L. The Boston Massacre: incident in 1770 in which Br. troops fired on and killed Am. Colonists. John Adams: lawyer who defended Br. Soldiers accused of murder in Boston Massacre. Tyranny: A gov. in which a single ruler has all power. Thomas Gage: Br. General who ordered troops in to Boston.
Tea Act: Act passed by Br. Parliament that placed tax on tea. East India Company: Br. company sold tea directly to colonies. Committees of Correspondence: Organization formed to exchange info. about Br. Policies and Am. resistance Boston Tea Party: 1773, colonists protested the Tea Act by boarding Br. ships and throwing 90,000 lbs of tea into the Boston Harbor.
Boston Massacre 3/5/1770
The Boston Massacre was a street fight that occurred on March 5, 1770, between a "patriot" mob, throwing snowballs, stones, and sticks, and a squad of British soldiers. Several colonists were killed and this led to a campaign by speech-writers to rouse the ire of the colonists.
How did this happen?? The presence of British troops in the city of Boston was increasingly unwelcome. The riot began when about 50 citizens attacked a British sentinel. A British officer, Captain Thomas Preston, called in additional soldiers, and these too were attacked, so the soldiers fired into the mob, killing 3 on the spot (a black sailor named Crispus Attucks, ropemaker Samuel Gray, and a mariner named James Caldwell), and wounding 8 others, two of whom died later (Samuel Maverick and Patrick Carr).
What was the result? A town meeting was called demanding the removal of the British soldiers and the trial of Captain Preston and his men for murder. At the trial, John Adams defended the British, leading to their acquittal and release. Later, two of the British soldiers were found guilty of manslaughter. 6 out of the 8 soldiers were acquitted of all charges.
Section 3: The Road to Lexington & Concord What was the result of Lexington and Concord? First military engagement of the Rev. War “Shot heard round the world” As Br. Troops march to Concord (Col. Stored their ammunition there) they passed through Lexington where they encountered American troops. (Paul Revere warned that Br. were coming) Both sides engaged in fire, Americans lose (greatly outnumbered) By the time the Br. got to Concord, the Americans were waiting for them in force. The weapons depot was saved, and the British were forced to retreat,
The Intolerable Acts After Boston Tea Party Closed Boston Harbor until damages were paid Increased Br. power over Massachusetts Thomas Gage (Br.soldier): Governor of Massachusetts Increased number of Br. troops in Mass.
Paul Revere: Boston silversmith (Boston Massacre), one of the messengers that warned of the Br. Arriving in Concord. Loyalists: Americans who supported the British Patriots: Americans who sided with the rebels.
The Siege of Boston Siege: When enemy forces surround a town or city in order to force it to surrender. Second Continental Congress: America’s gov’t during Rev. War. Met in Philadelphia, created the Continental Army. Ethan Allen: leader of patriot group of fighters known as the “Green Mountain Boys. Continental Army: America’s patriot army during the Revolution. Artillery: Cannon and large guns Battle of Bunker Hill: Battle in which Br. Heavily outnumbered Col. Br was victorious but loss a tremendous amount of soldiers. (showed that Col. could hold their own against Br.)
The Conflict Spreads Olive Branch Petition: document that asked King George to restore harmony btwn. Br and colonies. King rejected the petition and announced new measures to punish colonies. Washington: American General. Had experience during F &I War. Trapped Br. troops in Boston.
Rebellion Becomes Revolution Thomas Paine: recent immigrant from England. Belived that all men should have the right to vote. Strongly opposed King George “Royal Brute”. Felt America would be more successful if it were independent from Br. Published these ideas in a pamphlet, “Common Sense”. Became an instant success and led more Americans to be more in favor of independence from Br. Richard Henry Lee: delegate from VA, est. each of the colonies to become independent states and to dissolve all connection with Br. D.O.I: Formal document which addressed reasons for declaring Independence from Br. Thomas Jefferson: Excellent writer from VA, wrote DOI in two weeks.
YearBr. ActionsAm. Actions 1763Proclamation of 1763: prohibits settling W of 13 col. Settlers ignore proclamation 1764Navigation Acts strictly enforced 1765Stamp Act passedStamp Act Congress drafts petition, boycott Br. goods 1766Stamp Act repealed 1767Townshend Acts passedBr. goods boycotted 1770Townshend Acts repealed except for tea tax 1773Cheap tea sold to coloniesBoston Tea party 1774Intolerable Acts passedFirst Continental Congress protests, Br. Goods boycotted 1775Troops march to Lex & Concord Minutemen resist