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UNITED STATES HISTORY STANDARD 11.1 Analyze the significant events in the founding of the nation and its attempts to realize the philosophy of government.

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Presentation on theme: "UNITED STATES HISTORY STANDARD 11.1 Analyze the significant events in the founding of the nation and its attempts to realize the philosophy of government."— Presentation transcript:

1 UNITED STATES HISTORY STANDARD 11.1 Analyze the significant events in the founding of the nation and its attempts to realize the philosophy of government described in the Declaration of Independence Describe the Enlightenment and the rise of democratic ideas as the context in which the nation was founded Analyze the ideological origins of the American Revolution, the divinely bestowed unalienable natural rights philosophy of the Founding Fathers, the debates on the drafting and ratification of the Constitution, and the addition of the Bill of Rights Understand the history of the Constitution after 1787 with emphasis on federal versus state authority and growing democratization Examine the effects of the Civil War and Reconstruction and of the industrial revolution, including demographic shifts and the emergence in the late nineteenth century of the United States as a world power.

2 The English first attempts to settle in North America, at Roanoke, failed with one group of settlers completely disappearing without a trace. It wasn’t until 1607 that the first permanent English settlement in North America was established at Jamestown, Virginia, along the Chesapeake Bay. SIGNIFICANT EVENTS IN THE FOUNDING OF THE NATION… The philosophy of government described in the Declaration of independence. (Origins of the American Revolution)

3 By 1732 the English had established 13 colonies in North America. In 1763 the British government instituted the Proclamation of 1763 which prohibited colonists from settling west of the Appalachian mountains. After the Proclamation of 1763 the British continued to enact strict policies on the people living in the colonies. SIGNIFICANT EVENTS IN THE FOUNDING OF THE NATION… The philosophy of government described in the Declaration of independence. (Origins of the American Revolution)

4 The colonist argued that England could not tax them if they did not have representation in the British Parliament. The colonist were angered by the British policies. In 1773 after the British enacted the Tea Act the colonist protested by boarding a ship in the Boston Harbor loaded with tea and throwing it overboard. This action became known as the Boston Tea Party. SIGNIFICANT EVENTS IN THE FOUNDING OF THE NATION… The philosophy of government described in the Declaration of independence. (Origins of the American Revolution)

5 On April 19, 1775 the British soldiers, on their way to the town of Concord, encountered a group of armed militia men in Lexington and the Revolutionary War was started. SIGNIFICANT EVENTS IN THE FOUNDING OF THE NATION… The philosophy of government described in the Declaration of independence. (Origins of the American Revolution)

6 After more than a year of fighting the colonies decided that it was time to separate themselves from England. Thomas Jefferson was chosen to write a Declaration of Independence that stated that all people had certain “ unalienable rights ”, and should not be treated the way the colonist had been treated by King George of England. The Declaration of Independence also contains a list of things that King George had done wrong. SIGNIFICANT EVENTS IN THE FOUNDING OF THE NATION… The philosophy of government described in the Declaration of independence. (Origins of the American Revolution)

7 The Revolutionary War continued until 1781 when the Americans, helped by the French, finally defeated the British. SIGNIFICANT EVENTS IN THE FOUNDING OF THE NATION… The philosophy of government described in the Declaration of independence. (Origins of the American Revolution)

8 After the Revolutionary war the American colonies were no longer under British rule. They needed to establish their own government. The first set of laws created to govern the 13 new states was called the Articles of Confederation. Under the Articles of Confederation the new country had a weak national government and 13 strong state governments. SIGNIFICANT EVENTS IN THE FOUNDING OF THE NATION… The philosophy of government described in the Declaration of independence. ( Drafting and ratification of the Constitution and Bill of Rights)

9 There were too many problems with the Articles of Confederation so the 13 states each sent delegates to a meeting in Philadelphia in At the meeting, later called the Constitutional Convention, the delegates developed the Constitution of the United States. SIGNIFICANT EVENTS IN THE FOUNDING OF THE NATION… The philosophy of government described in the Declaration of independence. ( Drafting and ratification of the Constitution and Bill of Rights)

10 In order for the Constitution to take effect, nine of the thirteen states had to ratify, or approve, it. The supporters of the Constitution with a strong national government were called Federalist, those who apposed the Constitution with a strong national government were called Antifederalist. SIGNIFICANT EVENTS IN THE FOUNDING OF THE NATION… The philosophy of government described in the Declaration of independence. ( Drafting and ratification of the Constitution and Bill of Rights)

11 The Antifederalist did not want to approve of the Constitution unless it contained a Bill of Rights to protect the basic freedoms of man. In May,1788 New Hampshire became the ninth state to ratify the Constitution. Enough states had now approved of the Constitution to put it into operation. In 1791 the Bill of Rights, ten amendments that protected individual rights, was added to the Constitution.

12 SIGNIFICANT EVENTS IN THE FOUNDING OF THE NATION… The philosophy of government described in the Declaration of independence. (Origins of the American Revolution) British Policies in the Colonies, 1764 – 1774 Sugar Act – 1764 British Action : It reduced the tax on imported foreign molasses, unlike its predecessor the Molasses Act, the Sugar Act was strictly enforced. Colonial Response: Colonist responded with written protests, occasional boycotts, and cries of “No taxation without representation” Declaration: Cutting off trade with all parts of the world. Imposing taxes without our Consent

13 SIGNIFICANT EVENTS IN THE FOUNDING OF THE NATION… The philosophy of government described in the Declaration of independence. (Origins of the American Revolution) British Policies in the Colonies, 1764 – 1774 Stamp Act – 1765 British Action : First direct taxation of colonists, taxed legal and commercial documents and printed matter such as newspapers. Colonial Response: Protested violently. The Stamp act congress met and a boycott of British goods began Declaration: Cutting off trade with all parts of the world. Imposing taxes without our Consent

14 SIGNIFICANT EVENTS IN THE FOUNDING OF THE NATION… The philosophy of government described in the Declaration of independence. (Origins of the American Revolution) British Policies in the Colonies, 1764 – 1774 Quartering Act – 1765 British Action : Required colonial assemblies to house and provide provisions for British soldiers. Colonial Response: Most colonial legislatures refused to pay supplies as required by the Quartering Act Declaration: Kept among us in time of peace, Standing Armies, without the ?Consent of our legislature. Rendering the Military independent of and superior to the Civil power. Quartering large bodies of armed troops among us

15 SIGNIFICANT EVENTS IN THE FOUNDING OF THE NATION… The philosophy of government described in the Declaration of independence. (Origins of the American Revolution) British Policies in the Colonies, 1764 – 1774 Declaratory Act – 1766 British Action : Repealed the Stamp Act due to colonial protest and passed the Declaratory Act which was a statement of England’s right to rule the colonies in any way it saw fit. Colonial Response: Pleased with the repeal of the Stamp Act, but continued to protest other British imposed laws. Declaration: Abolishing the free System of English Laws in a neighbouring Province, establishing therein and Arbitrary government…absolute rule into these Colonies. Taking away Charters, abolishing our most valuable Laws and altering fundamentally the Forms of our Governments.

16 SIGNIFICANT EVENTS IN THE FOUNDING OF THE NATION… The philosophy of government described in the Declaration of independence. (Origins of the American Revolution) British Policies in the Colonies, 1764 – 1774 Townshend Acts – 1767 British Action : Import tax on lead, paper, tea, paint, and glass collected at the ports where the goods came in. Revenues were used to support British troops, royal governors and royal judges, taking the power away from colonial assemblies. Also created a customs commission and suspended the New York assembly for failing to comply with the act. Colonial Response: A widely read series of letters protesting the act, “Letters from a Farmer in Pennsylvania,” were published in colonial newspapers. Colonists resumed boycotting British goods. Declaration: Dissolved Representative Houses, made Judges dependent on his Will, erected New Offices, kept Standing Armies without Consent of our legislature, Quartering large bodies of armed troops, imposing Taxes without our Consent

17 SIGNIFICANT EVENTS IN THE FOUNDING OF THE NATION… The philosophy of government described in the Declaration of independence. (Origins of the American Revolution) British Policies in the Colonies, 1764 – 1774 Tea Act – 1773 British Action : Created to benefit the East India Company. It allowed the company to sell surplus tea in the colonies. It retained the tax on tea, the only tax remaining form the Townshend Acts. Colonial Response: Patriots in Boston destroyed a shipment of tea in the harbor. The “Boston Tea Party.” Declaration: Cutting off trade with all parts of the world. Imposing taxes without our Consent

18 SIGNIFICANT EVENTS IN THE FOUNDING OF THE NATION… The philosophy of government described in the Declaration of independence. (Origins of the American Revolution) British Policies in the Colonies, 1764 – 1774 Intolerable Acts – 1774 British Action : Also called the Coercive Acts, targeted at Massachusetts. The Port Bill closed the Boston Harbor until Boston paid for the tea destroyed in the Boston Tea Party. Other acts nearly eliminated self-government in Massachusetts. New provisions to the Quartering Act required colonist to house British soldiers in private homes as necessary. Colonial Response: Delegates from twelve colonies met as the First Continental Congress. Boycotted British goods. Sent a petition to the king outlining what they considered the rights of colonists. Declaration: Cut off trade with all parts of the world, dissolved Representative Houses, kept Standing Armies without Consent of our legislature, Quartering large bodies of armed troops.

19 Natural RightsSocial Contract Separation of Power SIGNIFICANT EVENTS IN THE FOUNDING OF THE NATION… The philosophy of government described in the Declaration of independence. (Enlightenment and rise of democratic ideas)

20 Natural Rights Locke's idea of a “government with the consent of the governed” and people's natural rights of life, liberty and property had an enormous influence on the Declaration of Independence and Constitution. John Locke SIGNIFICANT EVENTS IN THE FOUNDING OF THE NATION… The philosophy of government described in the Declaration of independence. (Enlightenment and rise of democratic ideas)

21 Social Contract Thomas Hobbs Jean-Jacques Rousseau In order to live in society, human beings agree to an implicit social contract, which gives them certain rights in return for giving up certain freedoms. People in a state of nature give up their individual rights to a strong power in return for his protection, so social contract evolved out of self-interest.

22 Separation of Power Montesquieu saw governing powers broken up into executive, legislative and judicial powers with each having power over the other. Baron de Montesquieu

23 Did you get it???? 1.What was the name to the first set of laws written to govern the first 13 colonies? 2.What is the name of the first ten amendments to the Constitution? 3.What group would not approve the constitution unless it included the Bill of Rights? 4.Life, Liberty, and the Pursuit of Happiness are considered what? 5.What Enlightenment Thinkers influence the Declaration of Independence and the Constitution?


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