Presentation on theme: "The student will demonstrate an understanding of the causes of the American Revolution and the beginnings of the new nation, with an emphasis on South."— Presentation transcript:
The student will demonstrate an understanding of the causes of the American Revolution and the beginnings of the new nation, with an emphasis on South Carolina’s role in the development of that nation.
Explain the political and economic consequences of the French and Indian War on the relationship of the South Carolina colonists with Native Americans and England.
Where We are …. England, Spain and France have colonies in America Reminder: England is part of Great Britain
Where We are …. As we discuss the French and Indian War, keep in mind… Britain relies heavily upon mercantilism to pay for Wars (including this one) even though they have been practicing salutary neglect. Almost all American colonists are still loyal to Great Britain – proud British citizens!
French & Indian War The policy of mercantilism prevented the colonies from trading with anyone but their “mother country” The British rarely enforced the policies on the colonies, but it’s animosity towards the French led to wars in Europe (Seven Years War) & North America (French & Indian War)
British and their American Colonists French Colonists and Most Native Americans Who Fought???
French & Indian War The French & Indian War resulted when the French moved into the Ohio River Valley French and Indian War (French and Indian War (2:02)
Native frustrations built as more settlers moved to the Upcountry of SC When the French fur traders moved into the area, the English were quick to form a treaty with the Cherokee Cherokee thought the treaty was an alliance with the British British saw the treaty as an acknowledgement of their sovereignty Getting Ugly in SC…
Their 30 years of peace was broken during the French & Indian War British failed to protect the Cherokee from the French and Creek allies Getting Ugly in SC…
The Cherokee War Cherokee Warriors felt cheated by the British after the French & Indian War, so they took white settler’s horses The white settlers responded by attacking the Cherokee The Cherokee in turn retaliated
The Cherokee War The Royal Governor tried to control the Cherokee by stopping all trade with them and taking their peace emissaries as hostages Cherokee War last about 2 years & cost many Cherokee lives The war finally ended with a treaty that forced the Cherokee to give up a majority of their land and created a boundary that divided the colony from the Cherokee territory
British Aftermath (Treaty of Paris) The British won the French & Indian War Victory resulted in the French losing all possession in North America Spain lost control of Florida to Great Britain Events of the war changed the relationship of the colonies with Great Britain
Unhappy Colonist During the war, Britain enforced their mercantilist policies on the colonist Sugar Act: to stop illegal trade with France & to raise funds to support war efforts Smugglers were prosecuted in vice admiralty courts (no jury trials)
Unhappy Colonist Colonists recognized British right of Parliament to control trade, BUT, saw the vice admiralty trials as a violation of the right to a trial by a jury of one’s peers as stated in the Magna Carta and English Common Law
Big Result of War Great Britain incurred major debt because of the French & Indian War (Seven Years War) Britain believed it was the colonist’s responsibility to pay for the debt Led Parliament to attempt to impose other taxes…..which the colonist resisted!
8-2.1 Reminder… Three wars wrapped up into one… The Seven Year’s War (Europe) Great Britain versus France The French and Indian War (America) Great Britain and their American Colonists versus France and Native Americans, 1754 - 1763 The Cherokee War (South Carolina Back Country) SC Colonists versus Cherokee
Writing Prompt: How did the British colony of South Carolina benefit from the French and Indian War?