THEY CAN’T DO THAT!! STEPS TOWARDS A REVOLUTION!
Britain’s Policy of SALUTARY NEGLECT Since Britain was too busy with wars in Europe and were an ocean away from the New World… The MONARCHY LEAVES THE COLONIES ALONE therefore… The Mayflower Compact Virginia House of Burgesses Fundamental Orders of Connecticut The Albany Plan of Union They were able to practice SELF GOVERNMENT!! LET’S REVIEW
War With France As a result of the numerous wars with France, Great Britain was in great debt. Gaining so much new territory in the New World helped to remind them that the colonists were there and still part of the United Kingdom!!
Taken Advantage of…. PROCLAMATION OF 1763 This established a proclamation line along the Appalachian Mountains, which the colonists could not cross. The British could not enforce this act, the colonists disregarded this law and continued to move onto Native American lands.
Create a Chart with with three Columns that take up the whole page of a note sheet. Make sure it is on the paper landscape. Use these headings. Act/Event, Date British Action Colonist Response Each of the following slides will be a row on this chart
Sugar Act (1764) BRITISH ACTION A series of duties, this LOWERED the TAX ON MOLASSES but allowed PROSECUTOR to TRY SMUGGLERS rather than a JURY of their PEERS. Giving more power to the British court system!!! COLONIST RESPONSE The colonists were not truly affected by this tax; it ONLY HURT those who were SMUGGLERS. Not much response YET!
Stamp Act 1765 BRITISH ACTION A tax on goods and services; first tax to affect colonists directly!! Placed a tax on all legal documents, licenses, newspapers, almanacs, cards, and dice. It taxes the rich and poor! COLONIST RESPONSE The people lost all respect for the King…form The SONS of LIBERTY- Sam Adams organizes groups of protestors. How can they be taxed without an equal say in Parliament?
Townshend Act 1767 BRITISH ACTION Taxes on Imports: glass, lead, paint, and paper. This also placed a 3 – penny tax on tea. COLONIST RESPONSE Rally Cry: NO TAXATION W/O REPRESENTATION!! Colonists BOYCOTT luxury imports and teas. Eventually leads to the Boston Tea Party.
Boston Massacre 1770 (was it really a massacre?) British Action A fight broke between some Bostonians and British soldiers at the Customs House. It quickly escalated from harassment to snowball and rock throwing. Soldiers fired and three people killed, eight were wounded, later two more died. Colonist Response Sam Adams and others called it a massacre. The incident was used as propaganda to gain support. Paul Revere made a famous engraving that promoted anti-British sentiment.
Tea Act of 1773 British Action British tax on tea, British gives the East India Company special concessions in the colonial tea business which shut out colonial tea merchants. Colonist Response Colonists get angry and dump British tea into Boston Harbor
Intolerable Acts 1774 British Action This created Martial Law in the colonies, giving the military the control. To punish rebels. Britain closed Boston Harbor. Colonist Response The colonists call the First Continental Congress.
Quartering Act (1774) British Action This authorized the British commanders to house British soldiers in vacant private homes and buildings. Colonial reaction Outrage further fuels colonial anger
Lexington and Concord 1775 British Action “The Shot Heard Around the World” British troops march to Concord to seize colonial weapons, Redcoats fire on local militia. Colonist Response “The British are Coming” Paul Revere, Plan on counterattack. Lookouts watch for British and warn militia, militia fires and Redcoats run, “one by land or two by sea”
BATTLE OF BUNKER HILL 1775 British Action British strike militiamen with nearly 2,400 men. Because of better supplies they are able to win this battle. Colonial Response Colonist lost 450 men, however, British suffer over 1,000 casualties. Send out the OLIVE BRANCH PETITION. Readying for war but hoping for peace
July 4, 1776 British Action King flatly rejects the petition. Orders a NAVAL BLOCKADE. Colonial Response The Second Continental Congress unanimously voted that the American colonies were free and adopted the DECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCE!!!