Presentation on theme: "Phillipi Horticultural Area (PHA)"— Presentation transcript:
1Phillipi Horticultural Area (PHA) Human impact on the environmentGr
2Conditions of use of this overview of the PHA ppt presentation, articles and worksheets. This presentation is intended to introduce you, the educator, to the complexities of the PHA and to equip you to potentially use this local case study to give students a hands-on overview of this section of the syllabus, as it is topical, controversial and relevant.It is a compilation of slides extracted from talks given by Nazeer Sonday (spokesperson for the farmers and other organisations aiming to preserve the PHA) and a professional City of Cape Town planner and conservationist to a school’s learners, as well as some comments and discussions held amongst learners at the school after the presentations. The material presented is NOT to be used as such for other presentations please, as it is not original.Newspaper articles clipped from the Cape Times have been scanned and possible aspects which can be investigated accompany this overview. The worksheets and accompanying suggestions for approaching this topic are original and may be used for educational purposes at your school.Please consult the City of Cape Town’s website for further elucidation of aspects and policies mentioned in the presentation.
14Water Security Role: Cape Flats aquifer Cape Flats Aquifer: Extent, Depth, Capacity & QualityYield: ±18 million m³/annum.Aquifer transmissivity greatest in south-east of PHAAquifer requires testing as a potable sourceAquifer impacted negatively by horticulture but toxin levels ‘acceptable’.UNEPA study in 2006 concluded Cape Flats Aquifer can possibly supply TWO THIRDS of Cape Town’s drinking water supply.PHA farmers tap into aquifer for all year production.
15Present & Future: Predicted demand & identified supply-side interventionsHigh Water Requirement Curve4. Cape Flats AquiferActual Water Requirement CurveLow Water Requirement Curve with WC/WDM
16Surface water in the PHA Generally low-lying area, due mainly to sand-mining (agreement) down to 1m above water table.Numerous large perennial wetlands & many seasonal wetlands
17Role of the PHA currently in the City Metropolitan area Food security.Water security.Economic:- Employment (farm labourers, packaging, sorting, selling).- Cut flowers.Mining:Building sand supply.High quality silica deposits (for glass manufacturing).
18Food insecurity in Africa Source: AFSUN_ African Urban Food Security Network_ Battersby
19Food security in the Western Cape Western Cape is a water scarce region:(hot dry summers & semi-desert hinterland)Mediterranean climate not conducive to domestic vegetable gardening.Western Cape identified as a climate change ‘at risk’ area.Food security is about both production and access80% of population in CT’s poor households estimated to have food insecurity .
20PHA’s Food Security Role Philippi Horticultural Area has access to free water from the Cape Flats Aquifer.Very close to markets (most importantly for poor households)Produces over 50 different crops & 50% of City’s fresh vegetables.Produces tonnes /year at value R150m /year ‘at farm gate’Productivity at R90 000/ha - for viticulture it is R18 000/haCan produce 2,5x (5x in South –West ) crops p.a. due to cool sea breezesClose to two WWTW & potentially more water sourcesContributes to nutritional needs of 2 to employees (2.5kg / day)Transport cost break-point: Refrigeration required beyond 120kmUnique productive green lung.Agricultural land redistribution potential.Massive opportunity for production & employment increases (c.300%)Agri-processing and research opportunities: (UWC’s Elsenburg?)
21MiningBuilding sand:Deposits in Cape Town area will last for 20 yearsPHA the principal supplier, but remaining deposits limited to south-east areaMining permitted down to not lower than general surface level of surrounding areaGlass sand:Silica sand underlies entire PHA , but only accessible near surface in centreNo comparable deposits anywhere in SAMajor deposit -15m deep & 315mill tonsLand surface rights:Subject to Mineral & Petroleum Resources Development Act
22Stakeholders in the PHA City of Cape Town (Mayor Patricia de Lille) and urban developers: 2 sites being contested-Rapicorp and MSP for rezoning.Phillipi Farmers and civic associations: spokesperson Nazeer Sonday.Communities in the Western Cape who are supplied with fresh produce from the PHA.
23Urban edge Urban edge – ineffective monitoring causing problems. Illegal establishment of businesses in the urban edge over time.Rezoning of land in the urban edge is being considered from agricultural to mixed zoning, due to the changes that have been allowed by authorities through lack of monitoring in the urban edge.
24Issues being contested by stakeholders Proposed moving of the urban edge (making the PHA smaller)- rezoning from horticulture to mixed.The best farming land is in the south of the PHA. This land is currently owned by developers and so it is not being farmed. Farmers want this land.Farmers in the north experience difficulties with farming (dry, limited water access, poor soil quality). They are keen to sell their land to developers and buy farming land in the south of the PHA.
25Political vs. professional decision- making for areas like the PHA. Professional town planners and conservationists have a 100 year plan in place for the PHA and other areas in the City Metropolitan area.Each time a political party wins an election (potentially every few years) , there is pressure on the party to deliver on promises made in elections or to meet demands by communities in order to ensure continued support of the party.Lack of funding can prevent timeous provision of infrastructure and serviced sites to communities by municipalities (which are run by political parties).By allowing developers to build housing developments with the intrinsic infrastructure needed, some of the pressure on local municipalities to provide serviced sites and infrastructure is alleviated, so developers have leverage over politicians who benefit from the good press associated with infrastructure delivery.
27Lansdowne Road Industrial Area WeltevredenWedgeRapicorpSiteMSP SiteSpringfield RoadJabulaWillistonEngenSmallvilleSiqualoEgoliJim se BosSchaapkraalIncreasing PHA Challenges identified by the City of Cape Town.Speculation (MSP and Rapicorp sites)Potential irrigation viability problemsIllegal developmentCrimeTraffic congestionMixed pressIllegal dumping of solid waste
28Policy Responses from the City of Cape Town. Cape Town Spatial Development FrameworkCape Flats District Plan
29Latest Developments & Moving Ahead Policy Responses from the City of Cape TownSchaapkraal Urban Edge & Development Guidelines Policy: draft
30Latest Developments & Moving Ahead City of Cape Town Policy ResponsesWeltevreden Wedge Urban Edge & Development Guidelines Policy: draft
31Alternative land uses in the PHA Potential urban infill &intensification areasAreaSize (ha)Land AvailableYoungsfield Military Base8350%Ottery8270%Zeekoei Vlei sites1675%Strandfontein East7680%Pelican Park160Strandfontein erf 1212*67Strandfontein Coastal Node65
32Alternative land uses in the PHA Potential urban infill &intensification areasAreaSize (ha)Land AvailableLansdowne Road Industrial Area*10980%Schaapkraal Smallholdings*16450%Weltevreden Road ‘Wedge’*20760%Rapicorp47270%
332. The Civic and farming associations viewpoints and solutions:
34The Civic and farming organisations vision plan for the PHA.
35The PHA Vision Plan Creating a win-win solution through developing a bold community-driven spatial design plan!
36Developing a shared vision for the future The PHA Vision PlanDeveloping a shared vision for the futureLocal stakeholders:Schaapkraal Civic and Environmental AssociationDeveloping farmers AssociationHighlands Estate ratepayer AssociationPHA Sector Crime ForumCommercial farmersPhilippi Horticulture Housing CommitteeFarmworkers ………..AND
37The PHA Vision Plan Supporters and fan club Soil for Life Abhalimi BezekayaMakassa Food GrowersLOGRA CivicCoalition for Environmental JusticeThe Khayelitsha Development ForumThe Mitchell’s Plain Education ForumThe Ottery Ratepayers AssociationCentre for African StudiesAfrican Food Security Urban NetworkCoCT PEPCO study, 2009Philippi East Development InitiativeFalse Bay Ecology ParkWESSAAnd growing….Supporters and fan club
38Read it and get with it…The reports and studies…………………………its unanimous!PHA Task Team Study, 2009 _________ save the PHA!PHA AFSUN Report, ___________ save the PHA!PHA Synthesis Report, 2013 __________ save the PHA!
39Doing the democracy thing… Strong and proactive community based organisations ____ check!Input on IDP’s _________ check!On-going ward councillors engagements __________check!Input in CoCT Spatial development framework, 2011 _____________________ check!Schaapkraal Civic and Environmental Association- SCEA- meeting
40Doing the democracy thing… One day Subcouncil workshop on PHA issues, 18 February 2012 __ ______________________ check!Subcouncil activity day, September 2012 _________________ check!Councillors and council officials on a walk-about in the PHA
41Doing the democracy thing… Meeting MEC Anton Bredell, September 2012 _____________ ____________check!Escalation of PHA illegal dumping issuesEscalation of development planning issuesProf Battersby presenting AFSUN PHA Report.
42Doing the democracy thing… Meeting the Executive Mayor Patricia De Lille _8 November 2012 ___ _____________ check!Presenting PHA Vision PlanEscalating PHA illegal dumping issues.Raising Housing issues for informal settlement community.
43But the threat remains… Rapicorp ha Landgrab16 October 2008 Rapicorp (marked in blue) makes an application to the city for the amendment of the Urban Structure Plan to allow a housing development.12 May 2009 CoCT commission on “to plan for and manage the PHA into the future” recommends that the area be retained for farming.26 November 2009 a full Council Meeting resolves not to amend the Urban Structure Plan as requested by Rapicorp and confirmed the “current and potential significant value of the PHA to the city’s food and water security” and for land reform.
44But the threat remains… 4. In May 2011 the Cape Town Special Development Framework (SDF) was approved by Council in terms of the Municipal Systems Act, within which the ‘Rapicorp’ land was retained as part of the PHA.5. March 2011 the MEC Anton Bredell approves the Cape Town SDF in terms of the Land Use Planning Ordinance (LUPO) but he unilaterally redraws the urban edge to exclude the future food growing capacity of the PHA- the ‘Rapicorp’ land.16 July 2013 MAYCO announces it will support 300ha for urban development on farmlands where veggies are growing for MSP developers (marked in red).
45How you can help…. Please join our campaign Talk to your councillor, talk to Zille and President ZumaWrite a letter to the newspaper.Talk to your local retail chain store manager.Sign Save the PHA petitionContact us on:Facebook: food & Farming for the Cape Flats
46How can you become an activist for change? Talk to your school chommies, teachers, parentsStart a school petition.Sign and share the save the PHA AVAAZ online petition.Like our Facebook page;Food & Farming for the Cape FlatsWrite to:Mayor Patricia de LillePremier Helen ZilleDear editor;
47Now you know the facts about the PHA, you decide!