5 Provide special habitat for organisms Raorchestes luteolusPseudophilatus amboli
6 Major threats to swamps Altering natural hydrologic regimesPollution, introduction of exotic/invasive speciesLand use changePollinator declineProblems in seed dispersionOver harvesting of resources
7 ObjectivesEcological restoration of Myristica swamps in Uttara Kannada district, central Western Ghats India.Characterizing the swamp fragments and micro-corridors for species composition, resource use, develop an enrichment protocol for each of the micro-corridor with respect to the species, frequency and geometry of plantingCreate micro-corridors by enrichment planting through participatory approach, creation of new swamp populations - habitat recoveryAchieve a lasting restoration of the swamps
8 Methods Identification and mapping of the fresh water swamps Identify critical micro-corridors to link the swamp fragmentsDetailed vegetation survey, listing of obligatory species and facultative swamp species, regeneration and demographic studies.
9 Standardizing protocol for propagation of swamp species through participatory approach Decentralized community nurseries near the swamp forests in three villagesActive planting of degraded swamps with obligatory, facultative and associated species was done during period fromSurvival and growth rates assessedRe-wetting of the land through installing soil and moisture conservation structures in the degraded swamps
10 Activities to ensure community participation in restoration and management Classification of swamps based on physical characteristics and vegetation elements to suggest effective management plans for the swampsSoil and hydrological studies
11 Results102 swamps were identified in the district -fifteen swamps in Sharavati river catchmentTwenty in Bilgi holeSeventeen in BedtiTwenty five in AghanashiniTwenty three in Mukti holeTotal depression part of swamp area documented is about 82 hectares
12 Results 156 swamp species and associated were documented. 15 species of lianas, 5 species of climbers, 24 species of shrub and 104 species of trees occur in the swamp area.Frequency, geometry and spatial dispersion of the obligatory swamp species was carefully noted.
14 Ten thousand seedlings planted Commercially important and RET forest species were raisedSurvival rate - obligatory swamp species was 56 percent and facultative and associate swamp species was 64 percent
15 Hydrological studiesv notch to monitor the water flow in swamp
18 1. Frequency =No. Of quadrates in which species occurred/Total no 1. Frequency =No. Of quadrates in which species occurred/Total no. of quadrates studied X 1002. Abundance=Total no. of individuals of the species/No. of quadrates in which the species occurred3. Density=Total no. of individuals/No. of individuals of all species4. Relative abundance=Abundance of species X 100)/Sum of all abundance5. Relative frequency= No. of quadrates occurring / Total no. of Quadrates6. Basal area=(GBH in m)2/4pi7. Relative basal area =(Total basal area of individuals /Total basal area of all species)X1008. IVI=Relative density Relative dominance Relative frequency9. Family relative density(%)=(No. of trees in a family /Total no. of species)X10010. Family relative Diversity(%)=(No. of species in a family / Total no. of species)X 10011. Family relative dominance(%)=(Total basal area for all species in a family/ Total basal area of all families )X 10012. Family important index(FIV)= sum of family relative density, Diversity and Dominance13. Species occurrence rate= Species richness/Species density
20 Participatory approaches Swamp conservation committeesEstablishing VFCsNursery raising and providing the seedlingsInstalling fuel efficient unitsTraining on value addition and value chain development of NTFPsMatching grants from line departments