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Weather in eastern Washington By Billy hunter Washington has four unique seasons with four different weather patterns.

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Presentation on theme: "Weather in eastern Washington By Billy hunter Washington has four unique seasons with four different weather patterns."— Presentation transcript:

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3 Weather in eastern Washington By Billy hunter

4 Washington has four unique seasons with four different weather patterns

5 Eastern Washington also has what is referred to as the rainshadow effect. The rainshadow effect is large amounts of moisture from the pacific going over the mountains and emptying over the mountains thus giving us less rain or snow

6 One of the four seasons we have in eastern Washington is summer now it is a lot hotter here in eastern Washington than in western Washington during the summer because west has a natural air conditioner called the pacific ocean now thanks to the cascades the cool ocean breeze doesn’t each us so we get to bake in the summer all season long with temps up to the three digits!

7 Eastern Washington Climate

8 The Rainshadow Effect has a greater effect on Eastern Washington than Western Washington

9 Annual Rain Fall

10 Climate Washington's climate varies greatly from west to east. An oceanic climate (also called "west coast marine climate") predominates in western Washington, and a much drier semi-arid climate prevails east of the Cascade Range. Major factors determining Washington's climate include the large semi-permanent high pressure and low pressure systems of the north Pacific Ocean, the continental air masses of North America, and the Olympic and Cascade mountains. In the spring and summer, a high pressure anticyclone system dominates the north Pacific Ocean, causing air to spiral Washington's climate varies greatly from west to east. An oceanic climate (also called "west coast marine climate") predominates in western Washington, and a much drier semi-arid climate prevails east of the Cascade Range. Major factors determining Washington's climate include the large semi-permanent high pressure and low pressure systems of the north Pacific Ocean, the continental air masses of North America, and the Olympic and Cascade mountains. In the spring and summer, a high pressure anticyclone system dominates the north Pacific Ocean, causing air to spiral out in a clockwise fashion. oceanic climatesemi-arid climatehigh pressurelow pressure anticyclone oceanic climatesemi-arid climatehigh pressurelow pressure anticyclone

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13 Eastside Lakes of Washington

14 Consistently ranked as one of the most pristine waters in the United States, Lake Chelan’s 55 mile length acts as a natural conduit between the rugged mountain peaks up lake and the lush, fertile down lake valley. At 1,486 feet, Lake Chelan is the third deepest lake in the nation, extending nearly 400 feet below sea level. Lake Chelan

15 Banks Lake The reservoir is 27 miles long with 27,000 water surface acres. Fishing opportunities for smallmouth bass, largemouth bass, yellow perch, rainbow trout, walleye, kokanee, black crappie, bullhead, and whitefish.

16 Moses Lake Moses Lake, on which the city lies, is made up of three main arms over 18 miles (29 km) long and up to one mile (1½ km) wide. It is the largest natural body of fresh water in Grant County and has over 120 miles (190 km) of shoreline covering 6,500 acres (2,600 ha). Before it was dammed in the early 1900s and then incorporated into the Columbia Basin Project, Moses Lake was a smaller, salty, shallow lake. One of its early names was "Salt Lake". [4] To the south of the town is the Potholes Wildlife reservation that has a number of seep lakes and vast amounts of migratory birds and other fauna natural to the area..Columbia Basin Project [4]seep

17 Franklin D. Roosevelt Lake The length of Franklin D. Roosevelt is over 150 miles, extending from, The width of the lake generally varies from one half to one miles.

18 Lake Wallula Lake Wallula, stretching more than 50 miles in length with an average width of one mile.

19 Palouse hills The Palouse hills are 4983ft tall at its highest point. They are located near the Blue Mountains. The Palouse hills extend into Oregon and also in to Idaho.

20 Rattlesnake Hill  Rattlesnake hill is 3629ft tall at its highest peak.  It is located in Yakima valley.

21 Horse Heaven Hills Horse heaven hill is located near Yakima. It is 4327ft tall at the highest point and is estimated to be 7,000 to 12,000 yeas old.

22 Elderberry Rocky Mountain Maple Leaves Tall Oregon Grape

23 Green Rabbit-Brush is a freely branched shrub. Also in cm tall.

24 High grass/ sagebrush plateau.

25 Thrives in dry bothered places.

26 Lives on dry slopes and blooms from July to August

27 Found east of the Cascades in dry areas.

28 This sage occurs on dry slopes.

29 AKA: Narrow-leaf willow, River or Sandbar willow, Gray willow, Dusky willow, or Salix exigua. It grows at low elevations on stabilized river bars and along streams from Alaska to California.

30 AKA: Poison berry or Soapberry. When eaten may cause nauseating or dizziness

31 This shrub only opens it’s flowers at night.

32 Used for medical purposes in Native American tribes.

33 The red fruit grows on the winter.

34 AKA: Indian arrowwood, ironwood or creambush. It is common in eastern Washington and west of the Cascade Mountains

35 By Shannon Smith Trumpet Bluebells Common Sunflower Bitterroot Scarlet Gilia

36 Forget-Me-Not Supposedly knights wore these flowers before going into battle, so that their lovers wouldn’t forget them.

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38 Highly toxic, buttercups were once used by Native Americans for poison on spear tips and to poison coyotes that ate their smoked meat supply. Highly toxic, buttercups were once used by Native Americans for poison on spear tips and to poison coyotes that ate their smoked meat supply.

39 These flowers mock the orange tree blossoms so that animals don’t eat them. Real orange blossoms will make the animal sick.

40 These cacti go through a These cacti go through a dormant stage where the plant shrinks and retains water. Unlike other cacti, they can become dormant and survive in climates where there is lots of snow Hedgehog Cactus

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44 The Blue Mountains are characterized by a broad uplift, reaching elevations of more than 6,000 feet above sea level. In the Blue Mountains, Grande Ronde Basalt lavas of the Columbia River Basalt Group were extruded from northwest-trending fissures. Dikes now represent the locations of these vents

45 Even so, among the rolling hills of eastern Washington's desert, Red Mountain's sloping hillside is a prominent landmark, storing radiant heat for the growing vines of the valley floor. The Yakima River flows nearby, helping moderate climate extremes, as do so many major rivers in wine country regions throughout the world.

46 In the North Cascade Mountains, rising to an elevation 10,778 feet (Washington third largest peak), sits glorious Mt. Baker. Back in winter season Mt. Baker set the United States record of the most snow fall in a single season at 1,140 inches.

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52 River valleys

53 Columbia river valley

54 The Columbia River is a 1,200 mile river beginning in the Canadian Rockies and emptying into the Pacific Ocean. Some Native Americans call this river Nichi-wana which means The Big River before the inhibition of the white man the Columbia River was of great importance to the Native Americans and wildlife that lived off of the riverThe Big River

55 . You can river raft

56 Snake River Valley

57 The Snake River originates in Yellowstone National Park, Wyoming, at 9,500 feet and winds through southern Idaho before turning north to form the boundary between Idaho and Oregon. It joins the Columbia River at Columbia River Mile (RM) 325, near Pasco, Washington, at 340 feet in elevation and 1,036 miles from its source. The Snake River is the largest tributary of the Columbia River, with a total drainage area about the size of the State of Oregon. Lewis and Clark traveled down the Snake and reached the Columbia River on October 16, The men set up camp on a point where the Snake meets the Columbia, today the location of the Sacajawea State Park.Columbia RiverPasco, WashingtonSacajawea State Park

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59 Types of trees in Washington Western red cedar Maroni Pacific Yew Juniper Grand fir Western hemlock Pines Tamarac

60 Map of our major forest.

61 Our State tree is the western hemlock Tamaracks can be found in high elevations. There are 115 different types of pines. Western cedars can grow feet in the wild. Junipers grow low to the ground and don’t get very tall. An evergreen tree is gymnosperm conifer, a tree that keeps its leaves through all seasons and has seed- bearing cones instead of nuts or flowers.. Our forest have been in decline over the last 20 years because we are cutting them down faster than we plant them.

62 Approximately 21 million acres in Washington are forested. Eighteen million acres are classified at "timberland" of which two million are dedicated to non timber production such as parks and wilderness areas. Major owners of Washington commercial forest lands from National forests (federal) - 5 million acres Tribal-owned forest land million acres Timber industry owned lands million acres Non-industrial private forest landowners (also referred to small forest land owners and small tree farmers) million acres State and local million acres

63 Snoqualmie River Valley It hosts runs of winter and summer steelhead as well as four species of Pacific Salmon. Silvers and pink salmon with a few Chinook and chum joining the mix. The Snoqualmie hosts an excellent run of sea-run cutthroat which are available from August until high water raises the river in late fall. The Snoqualmie River is a 45- mile long river in King County and Snohomish County

64 Cowlitz River Valley Fish in this river valley  Steelhead  Salmon 105 miles in length and has three major hydroelectric dams.

65 Satsop River Valley The Satsop river provides good to excellent winter steelhead (Dec - March) as well as some good summer steelhead fishing. Good cutthroat fishing can also be found here from July thru Oct. Silvers can be caught here from Nov into Feb. Satsop joins the Chehalis River 3 miles south of the community of Satsop. The Satsop river valley is 48.5 miles long.

66 Skagit River Valley

67 o When there is little or no rain in Thurston or Grays Harbor counties, but heavy rain in Lewis and Pacific counties this causes flooding to occur later than normal. o When heavy rain falls in Grays Harbor County, but not in Thurston or Lewis counties, feeder streams can fill the Chehalis and cause water to "back up" into Thurston County. Chinook salmon Coho Length 115 mi (185 km)

68 Newaukum River valley The word Newaukum means “big prairie” The Newaukum river flows 10.9 miles before emptying into the Chehalis. The word Newaukum means “big prairie” The Newaukum river flows 10.9 miles before emptying into the Chehalis.

69 Vegetation in Western Washington Bigleaf Maple Bitter Cherry Black Cottonwood Black Hawthorn Cascara Douglas’ Maple Grand fir Orange Honeysuckle Hairy honeysuckleTrailing Blackberries

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71 Floods of the River Valleys IN 2007 The Chehalis river Valley flooded into the town of Chehalis causing major damage to the roadways. In 2009 the Newaukum River Valley flooded at 2pm on a Wednesday. In 2009 the Satsop River Valley flooded at 8:30 am on January 7 th followed by the Snoqualmie River Flood. In the winter of 2009 the Cowlitz flooded causing roads to be unusable.

72 THE ISLANDS OF WASHINGTON…. The San Juan consists of deep green forests and sparkling clear water. SAN JUAN ISLANDS Count on temperatures around 70° in the summer and 40° in the winter. Orca Whales can be seen swimming from the shore. Summer in Washington’s San Juan Islands is all about the weather, whales, and water. The Olympic Peninsula’s rain shadow effect (basically, the mountains block rain-producing weather systems) produces dry, clear, comfortable days on the San Juan’s islands……

73 Ocean: The temperature of the Pacific Ocean to the west stays fairly constant year-around, about 55° F (13° C). The ocean acts as a vast heat-sink moderating temperatures in western Washington. Warm winters (40's and 50's F, 4-14° C) and cool summers (60's and 70's F, 18-25° C) are the norm on Fidalgo Island. Bringing rain, moderating temperatures and delivering storms, the ocean is the major influence on climate in the Pacific Northwest US Beginning around 18,000 years ago, these islands were sculpted by the Cordilleran ice sheet. The soil left behind is called Vashon till: sand, rocks and clay. It is similar to the glacial moraines seen in mountains ISLAND COUNTY

74 San Juan Island County

75 The weather patterns over a long period of time. Ashton Steggall

76 West coast marine climate is located in the lowlands of western Washington. This climate is mild with plenty of moisture throughout the year.

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78 Precipitation amounts range from 16 to 200 inches a year. Most areas within this climatic region receive 30 to 60 inches. Much of the moisture falls from October to May. Summer temperatures are mild, normally ranging from 65 to 85 degrees. Temperatures may occasionally reach the high 90s. Winter temperatures are mild and range from 35 to 55 degrees. Temperatures below 32 degrees are rare. And subzero readings are uncommon.

79 Ashton Steggall

80 This is a Vine Maple, it is native to Western Washington. This is a Cascara branch in the fall. This is Bleeding heart in full bloom. Shrub Tree Groundcover This is Yellow monkey-flower, it is in full bloom. Groundcover This is a Slough sledge. Grass-Like Vine This is an Orange Honeysuckle

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83 Columbia Plateau The Columbia Plateau lies across Washington, Oregon and part of Idaho. It is a basalt plateau between the Rocky Mountains and the Cascade Range and it is cut by the Columbia River. Some of the cities located in this plateau lies across parts of the U.S. states of Washington, Oregon, and Idaho. [1] It is a wide flood basalt plateau between the Cascade Range and the Rocky Mountains, cut through by the Columbia River.U.S. statesWashingtonOregonIdaho [1]flood basaltCascade RangeRocky MountainsColumbia River

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90 Cascade Mountain’s by iridian mascote

91 Base elevation ft. Summit elevation – 10,000 ft. Vertical elevation – 460 ft. Many of the Cascade peaks rise to an elevation of 5,000 to 8,000 feat above sea level. Information of Cascade Mountain’s In the North Cascade Mountains, rising to an elevation 10,778 feet (Washington third largest peak),

92 About one hundred to one hundred fifty miles east of where the Pacific Ocean pounds the edge of the North American continent, a 700-mile stretch of playground runs from southern British Columbia, the length of Washington state and Oregon, and into northern California. Known as the Cascade Mountain range, it is comprised of more than a dozen major peaks - many exceeding 10,000 feet in height - and many smaller mountains and buttes in California. The Cascades

93 Climate The western slope of the Cascade mountains has a high climate above 3,000 feet. The lower elevation has a west coast marine climate. The highland climate can change very quickly. As storms push in from the Pacific, thick clouds form and release heavy rain or snow.

94 Hills in Western Washington Brandy Woodward

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96 The area over the Olympic Foothills are 756 sq. mi. The highest peak is 5641 ft.

97 Highland climate Summers are short and winters are long cold and wet Precipitation from September to June received a total of 1124 in. of snow between November and May

98 West side Washington weather!! By Betsy Gonzalez

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100 Weather The state of the atmosphere at a given time and place, with respect to variables such as temperature, moisture, wind velocity

101 Olympic Peninsula & West Coast Olympic Peninsula & West Coast Average annual temperatures High °F Low °F Place Aberdeen Clearwater Forks Friday Harbor, San Juan Island Grayland Long Beach Port Angeles

102 Average temperatures of the year!! San Juan Islands, Puget Sound & South Average temperatures for the year High °F Low °F Anacortes Bellingham Bremerton Everett Longview Olga, Orcas Island Olympia Port Townsend Seattle Tacoma Vancouver

103 Climate The meteorological conditions, including temperature, precipitation, and wind, that characteristically prevail in a particular region.

104 West coast marine Climate Mild and plenty of moisture throughout the year. Precipitation 16 to 200 inches per year. Most areas receive 30 to 60 in. Summer temperatures raging 65 to 85 degrees.

105 Highland climate Summers are short and winters are long cold and wet Precipitation from September to June received a total of 1124 in. of snow between November and May

106 By, Melissa Gray Western Washington’s Coastal Plain

107 What is a coastal plain? An extensive, low-relief area that is bounded by the sea on one side and by a high-relief province on the landward side. Read more: plain-2#ixzz1liY3uTp4 plain-2#ixzz1liY3uTp4

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