2The Chaparral (Scrub Forest) Found on 5 of the world’s continents: In Europe and Africa it is found around the Mediterranean as well as around Cape town, it is found on the southern and western tips of Australia, in southern California, and on the coast of Chile.It is the smallest Biome
3CharacteristicsChaparrals are found in areas that are between 40 N- 40 S of the equatorThey often receive 20-30in or more of rain, all of which happens during the winterWhere as the summer is hot and drySometimes referred to as the Wild WestCan be thought of mix of grasslands and desert
4Food ChainThe main producers in the chaparral are low lying plants and shrubs that make up most of the landscape of this biome, along with vine plants.The primary consumers in this environment are mostly deer, horses, mice, and insects.The second and tracery being birds of prey, and carnivorous mammals.
5Plant LifeThe plants in the chaparral are mostly low lying shrubs and bushes.There are closley knitted groves of trees, along with some that stand alone.The main agricultural plants of this biome are vine plants like wine grapes, and trees such as the olive treeAn iconic plant of this type of area is the tumble weed
6AnimalsThe animals typical to the chaparral are similar to those native to the desert except for some exceptions.Snakes and other reptiles are common in the chaparral, but so are mammals like foxes, puma, wild goat, and horsesThere are also birds in this region, such as cactus wren, owls and vultures.
7ResourcesMajor resources in these areas are agricultural such as wine or olivesMinerals are also a resources this land has to offer
8Environmental Troubles Years of burning the soil for herding animals has caused the soil in the chaparral to become to scorch for the seeds to grow.Wildfires also effect these areas during the summer.Humans have also been diminishing the size of the scrub forests, through development and conservation of range land.Climate changes in the future will effect these areas whether by increasing or decreasing the size of the areas as they have in the past.
9EndangeredMexican Flannelbush-Tree like shrub that is native to the chaparral of California. This plant has 100 individuals still in the wild. The flannelbush has been endangered by its habitat being destroyed and its natural enemy fire.Black Rhino- Rhino from south africa. There are fewer than 2,500 left in the wild. The rhino has become endangered by poaching and habitat loss.