Presentation on theme: "Chaparral By: Killian and Ray. The Chaparral (Scrub Forest) It is the smallest Biome Found on 5 of the world’s continents: In Europe and Africa it is."— Presentation transcript:
Chaparral By: Killian and Ray
The Chaparral (Scrub Forest) It is the smallest Biome Found on 5 of the world’s continents: In Europe and Africa it is found around the Mediterranean as well as around Cape town, it is found on the southern and western tips of Australia, in southern California, and on the coast of Chile.
Characteristics Chaparrals are found in areas that are between 40 N- 40 S of the equator They often receive 20-30in or more of rain, all of which happens during the winter Where as the summer is hot and dry Sometimes referred to as the Wild West Can be thought of mix of grasslands and desert
Food Chain The main producers in the chaparral are low lying plants and shrubs that make up most of the landscape of this biome, along with vine plants. The primary consumers in this environment are mostly deer, horses, mice, and insects. The second and tracery being birds of prey, and carnivorous mammals.
Plant Life The plants in the chaparral are mostly low lying shrubs and bushes. There are closley knitted groves of trees, along with some that stand alone. The main agricultural plants of this biome are vine plants like wine grapes, and trees such as the olive tree An iconic plant of this type of area is the tumble weed
Animals The animals typical to the chaparral are similar to those native to the desert except for some exceptions. Snakes and other reptiles are common in the chaparral, but so are mammals like foxes, puma, wild goat, and horses There are also birds in this region, such as cactus wren, owls and vultures.
Resources Major resources in these areas are agricultural such as wine or olives Minerals are also a resources this land has to offer
Environmental Troubles Years of burning the soil for herding animals has caused the soil in the chaparral to become to scorch for the seeds to grow. Wildfires also effect these areas during the summer. Humans have also been diminishing the size of the scrub forests, through development and conservation of range land. Climate changes in the future will effect these areas whether by increasing or decreasing the size of the areas as they have in the past.
Endangered Mexican Flannelbush-Tree like shrub that is native to the chaparral of California. This plant has 100 individuals still in the wild. The flannelbush has been endangered by its habitat being destroyed and its natural enemy fire. Black Rhino- Rhino from south africa. There are fewer than 2,500 left in the wild. The rhino has become endangered by poaching and habitat loss.
Works Cited m m m m omes.html omes.html ewprofile.asp?CPCNum=1953