Presentation on theme: "-scientific facts - Geographical landmarks Buzau county is located in southeastern part of Romania, having coordinates 44050 '-45045 ', North latitude."— Presentation transcript:
Geographical landmarks Buzau county is located in southeastern part of Romania, having coordinates 44050 '-45045 ', North latitude and 26010-27020 ' East longitude, and is bordered by the counties of Covasna and Braşov at Northwest, Vrancea in the North-Northeast, Brăila at East, Ialomiţa to the South and Prahova to the West. The surface of the County is about 6103 Km², aprox. 3% of Romania's surface Buzau county lies on the hydrographic basin of the river Buzau and harmoniously combines three forms of landscape: mountains in north, plains to the south, and the rest is all hills Geographical configuration, diverse landscape and many rivers have created favorable conditions for human settlements and their continuity over time. The climate is temperate continental, differentiated according to the landscape, winds that influence the climate of the district, like crivăţul and austrul, bring the dryness and heat in the summer and high temperatures in winter.
Administrative organization and Population County’s population is over 515,000 inhabitants aprox. 2.3% of Romanian’s population of which 211,000 is in the urban area and 304,000 in rural areas. Of the total population, 500,000 are Romanians. Most of the population is Orthodox. In terms of administration, Buzau County Organization has 87 locations,of which 2 municipalities (Buzău and Râmnicu Sărat), 3 towns (Nehoiu, Pătârlagele and Pogoanele ) 82 comune with 481 villages. Ramnicu SaratPătârlagele
Nehoiu City Nehoiu City is a town in Buzău County, Romania, with a population of 11,631. Wood processing is the local main economic activity. The town has a lumbermill since the early 20th century.
The Hydrographical Network Buzau River springs from the eastern side of the Ciucas mountains. The main settlements in Buzau County crossed by Buzau River are; Vama Buzaului: Intorsura Buzaului; Sita Buzaului; Crasna; Siriu; Nehoiasu; Nehoiu; Patarlagele ; Cislau; Viperesti; Magura; Berca; Sapoca; Vernesti; Maracineni; Sageata;Buzau ;Gradistea; Racovita; Latinu. Out of 325km, total length of Buzau’s river, 140km of this river are crossing our county from northwest to southeast. Other smaller rivers in our county are: Crasna, Valea Neagra, Siriul Mare, Nehoiu and on the left side Zabratau, Hartagu, Casca and Bisca Rosilei In the hills area on the right side, there are: Bisca Chiojdului and Niscov and on the left side Sibiciul, Balaneasa, Saratel, Slanic and Cilnaul In the lowland area there are unimportant tributaries rivers of extremely low flow.
The hydrographic network of Buzau county is harmoniously complemented by an important number of lakes of different sizes. Out of those located in the mountain area, the most important and also the most well-known in terms of tourism is Eagles’ Lake from Siriu.(1420m)
Next up we have the Black Lake in Penteleu massif, and Macearu Lake on the eastern slope of Ivanet mountain. “Macearu lake" is one of the less mentioned atractions in Buzau. Despite this fact, the beauty of this lake remains in every traveller's soul. Once you get there, you wonder why it took so long to discover this little piece of heaven. Black Lake
Meledic lake Another category of lakes is formed by those whose genesis is related to areas with salt (Meledic lakes).
In the lowland there are lakes such as: Glodeanu Sarat, Boldu, Amara and Balta Alba (Balta Alba has a particular curative spa importance).
Hydropower facilities On the river Buzau there are two hydroelectric power stations: Siriu dam on the accumulation Lake Siriu, with the hydroelectric power station Nehoiasu and Candesti dam with the hydroelectric power station Candesti-Vernesti-Simileasca. Nehoiasu hydroelectric power station has an installed power of 42 MW. Put into use in 1988, it uses the waters from the Lake Siriu. The lake that formed behind the dam is 122 m high, and its volume is 125 cubic metres. The hydroelectric power station Candesti has an installed power of 11.45 MW, Vernesti 11,8 MWand Simileasca 11,7 MW.
System of water supply The drinking-water supply is provided by centralized facilities since 2008 in 46 places out of 87 in the county. The main operator of the water supply service and the wastewater treatment in the county is the Buzău Water Company, which is operates in Buzau and its surroundings. One of the major concerns for Buzau Water Company is making sure high quality drinking water reaches all consumers through prompt services in a civilized manner, based on mutual respect and in accordance with the legal regulations of the field.
Flora The county’s vegetation shows variations with specific elements for each of the three existing landscape areas. The Carpathian hills and the mountain forests are the following: oak forest, birch forest and coniferous shrubs and subalpine forest. An interesting case in the flora is represented by the volcanic region from Piclele-Beciu, where they develop associations of ghirin halophilic and the endemic shrub gardurarita.
The lowland landscape is dominated by grasslands and remnants of ancient forests such as the Crang Park and the Spataru forest. Spataru forest
Wildlife Aided by the existence of intermediate sub-Carpathian area, most species of animals and especially birds continue a process of migration from the mountains to the lowlands and the other way around, as living conditions change frequently from one area to another. Example of birds in the grasslands would be: lark, nightingale, blackbird, starling, sparrow, swallow, cuckoo (singing birds) hawk, owl (predators). Mammals are represented by common species of rodents: orbetele, popindaul, hirciogul and mole. Other tipical animals are: skunk, fox, weasel and rabbit.
Monuments and natural reservations Slanic Valley, near Lopatari and Rusavatu-Viperesti, has an impressive phenomenon - “ life-like fires" - blue flames coming out of deep soil cracks. The Living Fire is a natural phenomenon caused by gas emanation that comes to the surface through the crust forming burning flames, ignated by sunlight, or sometimes people, if there is no flame.
The muddy volcanoes One of them are “The muddy volcanoes” from Buzau county. They were declared “monuments of nature” in 1924 and it’s the only place in Europe where these type of phenomena can be seen.
Muddy volcanoes are mounds of earth where the natural gas is released from underground hydrocarbon deposits. The gas brings to the surface underground water and mud derived from the soaked marl. Mud volcanoes are recognized for their therapeutic effect that the mud has given this unusual phenomenon.
Sarata Monteoru It is a spa-resort about 14 km away from Buzau. The teritorrial administration belongs to Merei commune. It was first known among locals for the healing waters of salt springs.
Salty waters and sapropelic mud from Sarata Monteoru have exceptional properties. Natural therapeutic factors are represented by: salty mineral water springs, iodine, bromine, calcium, magnesium, sulfur. Very remarkable results are obtained especially in treating musculoskeletal disorders (rheumatic, abarticulare, post- traumatic), gynecological, gastrointestinal and hepatobiliary.
The mountain of salt-Manzalesti “The mountain of salt" from Buzau county is impressive given its beauty. It’s 15m high, and it was named “The White Mountain". On the top of this mountain, there is a cross. On the ground there is a bridge that makes crossing over easier.
A special attraction are the cultural objectives - history and architecture, such as the Roman camp and Thermele Pietroasele, cave settlements in Alunis - corner and Pile - Bozioru Complex Brancoveanu, Colti Amber collection.
Ciolanu Monastery "Ciolanu Monastery" is the only religious settlment from Buzau county attested since XVI century. It has two churches, located at a distance of 100 meters between them. There is also a museum where you can admire icons, some of them painted in 1886, objects of worship and religious vestments.
The treasury “The hen with golden chickens", also named "the treasury from Pietroasa" was discovered in march-april 1837 by two peasants while they were working on Istrita hill. The name "the hen with golden chickens" was given by the parts' aspect.
Ethnography Ethnographic costumes specifical to the area are admired today in the museum collections, including ethnography and folk art collections at "Vergu-Manaila House".
Environmental protection The mankind must control its attitude towards the natural environment's role in the economy and society. It also has the obligation to protect and restore the intimate mechanisms of natural processes. This is because the protection, conservation and improvement of the natural environment require not only a great effort in the scientific, technical, economic, financial, cultural and educational area, but also the respect from the society.
In the context of environmental protection students of the Pedagogical High School have participated in cleaning the Buzau River in the town’s residential area.