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1 National Dialogue On Sustainable Agricultural Intensification and its role on the climate resilient green economy initiative in Ethiopia A recap from.

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Presentation on theme: "1 National Dialogue On Sustainable Agricultural Intensification and its role on the climate resilient green economy initiative in Ethiopia A recap from."— Presentation transcript:

1 1 National Dialogue On Sustainable Agricultural Intensification and its role on the climate resilient green economy initiative in Ethiopia A recap from Day 1 (23 July 2012) Ermias Betemariam Meron Mulatu

2 Lain Wright Sustainable intensification: Increase production while maintaining ecosystem health

3 A national platform for institutional learning and policy action on NRM in Ethiopia Presentation – 23 July

4 Agri., water, forest and food security are well- connected = integrated approach (Rio+20) Week institutional linkages & fragmented investment Platform: – Guide evidence based policy formulation – Reduce risk of duplications Approach: creating portal 4

5 Sustainable tree-crop-livestock intensification as a pillar for the Ethiopian climate resilient green economy initiative – ICRAF led project funded by USAID Aster G/Kirstos (PhD) and Kiros Meles Hadgu (PhD) Presented at National Dialog On Sustainable Agricultural Intensification and its role on the CRGE July, ILRI, Ethiopia

6 SSA poor cereal production (1 t/ha) –major challenge: Agroforestry as a solution Major challenges of environmental degradation – Agri. Expansion – Free grazing – Lack of tree germplasm 6

7 7 The status of forestry development in Ethiopia: Challenges and Opportunities Wubalem Tadesse Ethiopian Institute of Agricultural Research National Dialog On Sustainable Agricultural Intensification in Ethiopia and its role on the climate resilient green economy initiative in Ethiopia July 23rd and 24th, 2012, ILRI Campus, Addis Ababa

8 Opportunities – Exclosures – Tree planting in home gardens & woodlots – Why Ethiopia is wood importer? Challenges – State of Ethiopian forest: lacks data & updating (old references) – Deforestation – Poor forestry institutions Consequences of forest degradation: erosion, siltation, etc. Integrated approach: forestry, Agri, Industry More investment in forest research, education and extension 8

9 Importance of Biodiversity for agricultural intensification and climate change adaptation in Ethiopia Gemedo Dalle (PhD) Institute of Biodiversity Conservation

10 Biodiversity values Critical about “sustainability” & “intensification” – Intensification may affect sustainability: care to address the issues of small holding farmers – Researchers should focus on local varieties. There are fast growing tree and shrub species – Generic erosion to adapt for climate change, disease resistant etc. – Diversification should be considers as a useful pillar in projects. Proper valuation of ecosystem services: yield /ha is not sufficient (values of trees on landscapes…) Consider the international convention that Ethiopia has accepted Strong forest institution BD - Key weapon in the fight against climate change

11 Contribution of TAF to climate change adaptation and mitigation in Ethiopia Zebene Asfaw Hawassa Unversity, Wondo Genet college of Forestry and Natural Resources.

12 Agroforestry (Gedeo) for landscape connectivity, land rehabilitation, nutrient cycling, water quality… Diversification (e.g. interventions, income) is key to intensification Intensification of agri. Should also give emphasis to already existing AF systems

13 Forest Policy, Strategies and Laws of Ethiopia: Opportunities and Challenges to Developing the Sector Melaku Bekele (WGCF-NR, Wondo Genet) and Habtemariam Kassa (CIFOR, Addis Ababa) Presentation at the National Dialog On Sustainable Agricultural Intensification in Ethiopia and its role on the climate resilient green economy initiative in Ethiopia July 2012, Addis Ababa

14 Forest policy is a process: Forestry institution vacuum Forestry proclamation 2007 but forest directive missing Monitoring policy outcomes are lacking: policy implementation is an issue

15 Lack of clear data on forestry Inadequate attention by the planners to the sector- undervaluation of the total economic values of forest resources Forest property rights Lack of capable institutions Establishing regular discussion forum

16 Genesis of Climate Resilient Highlands Transformation Kelali Adhana (PhD) Director General Tigray Science and Technology Agency July 23, 2012 Addis Ababa, Ethiopia 1623 July 2012

17 A climate resilient economy – avert the negative consequence of CC Economics of CC Economic resilience Environmental resilience – Strengthening GO an Civil Society organizations – Requires new types of institutional arrangements Society resilience: – Policy should consider social resiliency – Indigenous knowledge What matters for the highlands matters for the lowlands

18 Information Needs for Adaptation to & Mitigation of Climate Variability & Change Dr. Girma Balcha and Gebru Jember Climate Change Forum-Ethiopia

19 at least 30 years of change We don’t have enough met stations- poor spatial and temporal coverage (modeling as a solution Ethiopia trend- – temp increasing but rainfall variability – Future projections: RF will increase

20 More attention to climate variability than CC (Ali, 2007) Need for formulating research/ knowledge-based policy and strategy set up

21 Sustainable Agricultural Intensification in the Ethiopian Highlands Tilahun Amede Scientist / Nile Basin Coordinator, CGIAR Challenge Program Water for Food

22 Problem priority: Water scarcity Water scarcity – Physical – Economic (e.g. Sahara has huge under ground water but not economical to use it). Compare sustainability and intensifications- they may contradict Intensification is short term- increase productivity Sustainability is long term

23 Approach – Understand systems and the clients – Improving water storage and productivity of farms, landscapes and basins – Increasing water productivity Livestock productivity- reduce distance to watering point through enhancing soil fertility (Zn): combining organic and inorganic fertilizers We need to make choices: more food per unit of water

24 – Landscape approaches for intensifications – Functional policies in facilitating incentives mechanism Market incentives: infrastructure is rudimentary Policy incentives Safety-net options – Enable local institutions – Scaling up/out/down- good pracitices

25 Reflections What are the challenges to implement Agfor? Consider the roles of natural & plantation forests [the topic is intensification- trees outside forest] Strong forestry institution needed Wide use of exotic tree species could alter future forest diversity Whose task is data base management? At different levels (e.g. institutions) [BoARD] Urban forestry: towns are more green than their surroundings

26 Science/research-policy interface: – breaking the academic circle – Policy communication- the national platform is good – Professional shouldn’t bias decision makers

27 Specialization: northern Ethiopia has good potential for grain production that the traditional Agfo might be less feasible [Agofo has still potential in northern Ethiopia- land restoration] Eucalyptus as Agroforestry species [used as shelter in wet soils] Trends in forest cover change = f(Af/reforestation, deforestation) [number of seedlings plants doesn’t tell the change in forest cover- proper data and documentation needed] The proceeding should be shared with policy makers: [policy makers are very much aware and shared with proceedings in the past]

28 CC uncertainties should be managed carefully What is our priority? adaptation or mitigation [adaptation] Why farmers are not adopting good practices? Environmental resilience: ecosystems don’t bounce back but respond: prepare the community for scenarios than Green Economy – Develop scenario – Prepare packages

29 Livestock productivity by reducing walking distance appreciated Soil organic matter management: identify the limiting elements (low of the minimum) Water scarcity a serious problem: improve water use efficiency- recycling & reuse Traditional resilience: traditional knowledge

30 Common issues shard by the speakers Data source/quality Institutional strength Small-holders and indigenous knowledge Proper valuation of forests/biological resources to ecosystem services Up/out-scaling of good practices

31 Creating synergies Ethiopian soils: Agriculture Transformation Agency 31 Red-legacy data White- AfSIS sentinel site Green- Millennium Village Yellow- proposed 98 sentinel sites

32 Final remarks Good representation of institutions- a good mix. Very informative presentations Much engagement from the audience

33 Thank you


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